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Sheffield railway station

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Sheffield railway station

Sheffield Template:R-I Template:R-I
Sheffield station from Sheaf Square at night
Location
Place Sheffield
Local authority City of Sheffield
Coordinates

53°22′41″N 1°27′43″W / 53.378°N 1.462°W / 53.378; -1.462Coordinates: 53°22′41″N 1°27′43″W / 53.378°N 1.462°W / 53.378; -1.462

Grid reference SK358869
Operations
Station code SHF
Managed by East Midlands Trains
Owned by Network Rail
Number of platforms 9
station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05   5.001 million
2005/06 Increase 5.167 million
2006/07 Increase 5.590 million
2007/08 Increase 5.848 million
2008/09 Increase 7.334 million
2009/10 Increase 7.538 million
2010/11 Increase 8.052 million
2011/12 Increase 8.424 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE Travel South Yorkshire
Zone Sheffield
History
1870 Opened
1905 Extension
1956 Rooftop removed
1973 Power signal box built
2006 Major redevelopment completed
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Sheffield from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
UK Railways portal

Sheffield station, formerly Pond Street[1] and later Sheffield Midland, is a railway station in Sheffield, England, and is the busiest station in South Yorkshire.[2] Adjacent is Sheffield station/Sheffield Hallam University Sheffield Supertram stop. In 2010–11, the station was the 35th-busiest in the UK, and the 11th-busiest outside London.[3]

History

1870 - 1960


The station was opened in 1870 by the Midland Railway and was the fifth and last station to be built in Sheffield city centre. It was designed by the architect Charles Trubshaw.

The station was built on the 'New Line', which ran between Grimesthorpe Junction, on the former Sheffield and Rotherham Railway, and Tapton Junction, just north of Chesterfield. This line replaced the Midland Railway's previous route, the 'old road', to London, which ran from Sheffield Wicker via Rotherham.

The new line and station were built despite some controversy and opposition locally. The Duke of Norfolk, who owned land in the area, insisted that the southern approach be in a tunnel and the land known as The Farm landscaped to prevent the line being seen. Some years later the tunnel was opened out into a cutting. Sheffield Corporation was so concerned about the eastern side of the town being cut off from the town centre that it insisted that public access be preserved across the railway site.

The station and Pond Street Goods Depot opened on a damp and cold day without any celebrations. There were originally different passenger entrances for each classe. The original station buildings have been preserved and are between island platforms 2 to 5.

The station was given two extra platforms and a new frontage in 1905 at a cost of £215,000. The enlargements consisted of creating an island platform out of the old platform 1 and building a new platform 1 and a new entrance.

Offices were built at the north end of the 300 feet (91 m) long carriageway rooftop. A large parcels office was built to the south of the main buildings. Two footbridges connected to the platforms, the one to the north for passengers, the one to the south for station staff and parcels. The tracks were covered by two overall roofs. The oldest and largest spanned platforms 5 and 6, and an identical structure can still be viewed today at Bath Green Park railway station, t other platforms 1 and 2. Wartime damage put the roofs beyond economic repair, so they were removed in the autumn of 1956 and replaced by low-level awnings.

1960 - 2002

The 1960s saw the introduction of the Class 45 and Class 46 diesel-electric engines, known as Peaks.[4] Sheaf House was built in 1965[5] adjacent to the station to house British Rail's Sheffield Division headquarters. As part of the reconstruction of the area as the "Gateway to Sheffield", it was demolished in early 2006. In 1970 Sheffield's other main station, Sheffield Victoria, was closed and its remaining services, from Penistone, were diverted until 1981 via a cumbersome reversal. The Pullman service between Sheffield Victoria and London King's Cross, including the morning and evening 'Master Cutler' now ran onto the East Coast Main Line via Retford from Sheffield Midland instead. This was the third route used by the train of that name; originally it had run to London Marylebone. In 1972 the station was resignalled and its track layout remodelled. In 1984 British Rail introduced the High Speed Train to Sheffield on the Midland Main Line. The Cross Country services had seen the introduction of the HSTs in 1982. On 21 December 1991, the station was flooded by the River Sheaf, which flows under it. A log that was part of the debris commemorates the event on platform 5. In 1991 construction of the new Supertram network began and by late 1994 Sheffield Midland was connected to the network, after the opening of the line between Fitzalan Square in the city centre and Spring Lane, to the east of the station.[6]

2002 - present


In 2002, Midland Mainline, as the main TOC of the station, instigated a major regeneration of Sheffield station. Prior to this, a taxi rank was located inside what is now the main concourse and the new entrance hall. The stone façade of the station was sandblasted and its archways filled with unobstructed windows to improve views both from inside and out.[7] Other changes included the improvement of platform surfaces and the addition of a pedestrian bridge connecting the station concourse with the Sheffield Supertram stop at the far side of the station.[8]

To coincide with the regeneration of the station, Sheaf Square was rebuilt as part of a project designed to create the ‘Gateway to Sheffield’. The station and the square form part of a ‘gold route’ that leads passengers through the square past the 262.5 feet (80.0 m) 'Cutting Edge' water feature, up Howard Street and into the Heart of the City.[9] This 'Gateway to Sheffield' won the Project of the Year Award in the 2006 National Rail Awards.[10]

On 11 November 2007, East Midlands Trains, an amalgamation of Midland Mainline and part of Central Trains, took over the management of the station.

In December 2009, following the restoration of the station, a new pub, the 'Sheffield Tap', opened next to platform 1B.[11] The room, located within the main station building, had been used as a store room for 35 years but was used for much longer as a bar and restaurant, catering for First Class passengers since 1904.[12] The bar is noteworthy for its restored early 20th century interior and its selection of quality cask ales and beers from around the world.[11] Since opening the bar has won the National Railway Heritage Award and the Cask Ale pub of the year award.[13]

In October 2010 East Midland Trains initiated £10 million worth of improvements to its stations. Sheffield received renovated waiting rooms, toilet facilities and upgraded security systems amongst its improvements.[14] A new first class lounge on platform 5, part of these improvements, opened on 18 January 2011.[15] The lounge was opened by the Master Cutler Professor Bill Speirs who was joined by 50 top business leaders from Sheffield and the surrounding area.[16]

Station footbridge controversy


In 2008, East Midlands Trains revealed its intention to restrict access to parts of the station by installing ticket barriers to try to prevent passengers from travelling without a ticket. This proposal met with widespread opposition from residents and Council members because the footbridge would be closed off to non-ticket holders, severing a popular thoroughfare from the Norfolk Park residential area and the Supertram stop on one side, to the station travel centre, the bus station interchange, the city centre and the city centre campus of Sheffield Hallam University on the other. On 6 May 2009, East Midlands Trains implemented its proposal, using temporary barriers and ticket inspectors to bar access to the footbridge to non-ticket holders, and local residents and Supertram passengers were forced to use longer routes around the station.[17]

In November 2009, East Midlands Trains were refused planning permission for the barriers by the council,[18] but in February 2010 announced it would apply again.[19] Transport Secretary Lord Adonis announced in April 2010 that barriers would not be installed until a second bridge was built to maintain a thoroughfare for non-ticket holders.[20]

From September 2010, East Midlands Trains have used uniformed staff to prevent local residents using the footbridge.[21] At the same time, Sheffield City Council explored the possibility of turning the bridge into a public right-of-way to resolve the matter. In late 2010, it was reported that the Deputy Prime Minister, Nick Clegg, MP for Sheffield Hallam, might intervene to resolve the impasse.[22]

In March 2012, Transport Minister Justine Greening offered £3 million to build a new footbridge to resolve the problem.[23]

Future

Ian Yeowart, former Managing Director of Grand Central, put forward in 2009 a bid for new open access services operating on the East Coast Main Line.[24] As part of the scheme, four services a day would operate between Sheffield and London King’s Cross, meaning Sheffield would be connected to the capital by both the Midland Main Line and the East Coast Main Line routes once again. Yeowart has proposed the resurrection of the name GNER for the service, which has been unused since the last franchise of that name ended in 2007.

In its 2010 Strategic Business Plan, Network Rail, quoting its 2009 Rail Utilisation Strategy, recommended that the Midland Main Line be electrified.[25] The line is currently one of the few major main lines (along with the Great Western Main Line) that is not electrified and it was found that the project would provide significantly enhanced services and significant financial savings.[25] Network Rail is planning and undertaking infrastructure improvements and a reduction of eight minutes in journey times between Sheffield and London St Pancras is planned.[25]

CrossCountry, aspiring to improve their overall network and services, aims to increase services between Sheffield and Leeds. East Midlands Trains also plan to make service improvements to its services between Liverpool and Norwich via Sheffield with two-car Class 158 trains doubling in capacity to four cars.[26] Coupled with newly acquired Class 156 trains, this will lead to an extra 1500 seats being available each day on this service.[26] Northern Rail, responsible for operating most local services in the Sheffield area, announced in August 2011 that extra services between Sheffield and Manchester Piccadilly will begin in December that year. The Hope Valley Line, which will see an extra service in each direction in the peak evening period, is a key commuter route and currently has a two-hour gap in its evening schedule, which will be filled by the new services.[27]

Station facilities

The main station entrance, facing Sheaf Square, is the location of the main concourse and most of the stations facilities. The ticket office, ticket machines, information desk and a number of retail units are located there, and public toilets and facilities such as cash machines and a left luggage facility.[28] There are further shops and facilities on the island platforms and in the Supertram entrance hall at the far side of the station. There are waiting rooms on the island platforms and the East Midlands Trains first class lounge is within the station buildings, by platform 5.

There is a 678 space car park situated next to the main station building (Q Park) and there is a reserved parking area for blue badge holders in the main station building.[28] There is also a taxi rank outside the station building, next to the disabled car park. Bicycle storage is provided on platforms 1a and 3a. The whole station, including platforms, concourse and Supertram stop, is accessible to disabled passengers.

Station layout


The station is divided into four parts: the main building/concourse and platforms 1a/1b; the first island with platforms 2a-5b; the second island with platforms 6a-8b; and the adjoining Supertram stop. All sections are connected by a large footbridge.

Sheffield station is designed to accommodate both through and terminating trains. Platforms 2c, 3, 4 and 7 can be used by terminating trains only. The station has 9 platforms, numbered 1 to 8 and 2C. Platforms 1, 3 and 4 are divided into a and b sections to allow a brief stabling of terminating services before they are scheduled to depart. The station has four through roads which are used for through running or more commonly for stabling stock. Between platforms 5 and 6 these are known as "1-Up" and "2-Up" (they are on the "Up" or London-bound side of the station) whilst between platforms 1 and 2 are the "through road" with a direct path through the station or by a central crossover to the north end of platform 1 (1b), and "down station siding".

Prior to the 1972 multiple-aspect signalling (MAS) scheme, the southern half of the current platform 8 was called platform 9. Trains from the north from platform 9 could avoid trains stood at platform 8 via an additional through road.

The platforms are generally used as follows:

Supertram stop

Sheffield station/Sheffield Hallam University
Supertram station
Station statistics
Coordinates

53°22′40″N 1°27′40.6″W / 53.37778°N 1.461278°W / 53.37778; -1.461278

Line(s) Blue Line
Purple Line
Structure type Elevated
Platforms 2
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened 1994
Accessible
Owned by Stagecoach Supertram

Sheffield station/Sheffield Hallam University stop on the Supertram has direct interchange with Sheffield station. Built on top of a walled embankment on the station's eastern side, Sheffield station/Sheffield Hallam University also serves the City Campus of Sheffield Hallam University and the Park Hill estate.

Services

Trains per hour:

East Midlands Trains

CrossCountry

First TransPennine Express

Northern Rail





Preceding station   National Rail   Following station
CrossCountry
East Midlands Trains
Limited Service
Limited Service
East Midlands Trains
Limited Service
Limited Service
First TransPennine Express
Limited Service
Terminus Northern Rail
Northern Rail
Northern Rail
Northern Rail
Northern Rail
Northern Rail
Northern Rail
Northern Rail
Nottingham-Leeds
Preceding station   Stagecoach Supertram   Following station
Granville Road/
The Sheffield College
towards Herdings Park or Halfway
style="background:#Template:Sheffield Supertram colour;" |   Blue Line style="background:#Template:Sheffield Supertram colour;" |   Fitzalan Square/
Ponds Forge
towards Cathedral or Malin Bridge
style="background:#Template:Sheffield Supertram colour;" |   Purple Line style="background:#Template:Sheffield Supertram colour;" |  

References and notes

External links

  • National Rail page on Sheffield Station
  • Sheffield Train Station Information
  • Station history
  • First TransPennine Express Sheffield page
  • Parking at Sheffield Station
  • Sheffield Station/Sheffield Hallam University
  • Sheffield Supertram

Template:Major railway stations in Britain Template:Stagecoach Sheffield Supertram

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