World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0004870082
Reproduction Date:

Title: Shrestha  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Newar, Social groups of Nepal, Jamshid, Lhasa Newar, Guthi
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Shrēṣṭha (Newar: श्रेष्ठ) is a Newar surname meaning "most excellent" or "noble" in Sanskrit.[1] Shrestha may also refer to the dominant Newar caste of Shresthas who prior to the unification of modern Nepal formed the ruling and administrative Kshatriya castes in the court of the Malla kings of Nepal.[2] They also counted among them the trading and business Vaishya castes, and were the pre-eminent traders in between Nepal and Tibet. After the unification of Nepal, Shresthas took up business and trading since their former positions as administrators and courtiers of the royal Malla court was supplanted by the invading Gorkha forces mainly of the Khas tribe.[3] Shresthas are now one of the most dynamic communities of Nepal and have excelled in professional careers such as medicine, civil aviation, science and technology, government service as well as finance and banking.


  • Language, culture and religion 1
  • Notable people 2
    • Politics and civil administration 2.1
    • Arts, literature and culture 2.2
    • Public figures 2.3
  • References 3

Language, culture and religion

'Malakha (Dragon) a collection of poems by RRN 'Syasya' published in 1955.

The word "Shrestha" was derived from Nepal Bhasa word Syasya which itself is believed to be derived from Sanskrit term Sista meaning 'noble'. "Syasya" also means 'warrior' in Nepal Bhasa. Shresthas (or Syasya) served as administrators and courtiers during the rule of the Malla Newar kings that ruled Nepal for six hundred years  – known as the "Golden Era" of Nepal – when much of the cultural and architectural development of Nepal took place. They took a prominent role in the governance and administration of the nation and fought against the Gorkha invasion. They also bravely contributed to protect their country Nepal from external powers like the Mughal and British empire since Licchavi to Shah era.

Notable people

Politics and civil administration

Arts, literature and culture

Public figures


  1. ^ "Sanskrit dictionary". Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Shrestha, Name Meaning, Origin, Detailed Name Information & Meaning of Names at NameLab". Retrieved 2014-08-15. 
  3. ^ Wright, Daniel (1877). "History of Nepal with an Introductory Sketch of the Country and People of Nepal". Cambridge. Retrieved 23 September 2012.  Page 86.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.