World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Siege of Odawara (1590)

Article Id: WHEBN0001882208
Reproduction Date:

Title: Siege of Odawara (1590)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Battle of Sekigahara, Siege of Shimoda, Kyūshū Campaign, Hōjō Ujinao, Late Hōjō clan
Collection: 1590 in Japan, Battles of the Sengoku Period, Conflicts in 1590, Odawara, Kanagawa, Sieges Involving Japan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Siege of Odawara (1590)

Siege of Odawara
Part of the Sengoku period

One of the towers of Odawara Castle
Date May - August 4, 1590
Location Odawara Castle, Sagami Province, Japan
Result Siege succeeds; Toyotomi victory
forces of Toyotomi Hideyoshi Hōjō clan army
Commanders and leaders
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Tokugawa Ieyasu
Ishida Mitsunari
Oda Nobukatsu
Maeda Toshiie
Uesugi Kagekatsu
Kobayakawa Takakage
Gamō Ujisato
Sanada Masayuki
Ukita Hideie
Hosokawa Tadaoki
Chōsokabe Motochika
Kuroda Yoshitaka
Ii Naomasa
Shimazu Hisayasu
Hōjō Ujimasa 
Army of the Tōkaidō:170,000
Army of the Tōsandō:35,000
220,000 total
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The third siege of Odawara (小田原征伐 Odawara seibatsu) occurred in 1590, and was the primary action in Toyotomi Hideyoshi's campaign to eliminate the Hōjō clan as a threat to his power. The months leading up to it saw hasty but major improvements in the defense of the castle, as Hideyoshi's intentions became clear. Thus, despite the overwhelming force brought to bear by Hideyoshi, the siege saw little actual fighting.

The massive army of Toyotomi Hideyoshi surrounded the castle in what has been called "the most unconventional siege lines in samurai history." The samurai were entertained by everything: from concubines, prostitutes and musicians to acrobats, fire-eaters, and jugglers. The defenders slept on the ramparts with their arquebuses and armor; despite their smaller numbers, they discouraged Hideyoshi from attacking. So, for the most part, this siege consisted of traditional starvation tactics. Only a few small skirmishes erupted around the castle, as when a group of miners from Kai Province dug under the castle walls, allowing men under Ii Naomasa to enter.

After three months, the Hōjō surrendered, facing overwhelming numbers and, presumably, an impending shortage of food and supplies. Tokugawa Ieyasu, one of Hideyoshi's top generals, was given the Hōjō lands. Though Hideyoshi could not have guessed it at the time, this would turn out to be a great stepping-stone towards Tokugawa's attempts at conquest and the office of Shogun.

In addition to taking Odawara Castle, Hideyoshi also defeated the Hōjō at their outposts at Hachiōji, Yorii, and Shizuoka in and near the southwestern part of the Kantō region. The Chiba, allies of the Hōjō in Shimōsa, also saw Sakura Castle fall to Honda Tadakatsu and Sakai Ietsugu of the Tokugawa army during the campaign. Chiba Shigetane, daimyo of the Chiba, surrendered the castle to the besieging forces on the condition that his clan would not be abolished. While the Chiba were consequently divested of all of their holdings, many of their senior members were taken into service by Tokugawa retainer Ii Naomasa, thanks to aid he had received many years earlier from the clan during the occupation of Takeda Katsuyori's Tsutsujigasaki castle.[1]

In popular culture

The Siege of Odawara is the climax of Hideyoshi's story in the video game Samurai Warriors 2. Due to the sheer size of Odawara Castle in the game, it is divided in two stages, the eastern side sieged by the Tokugawa, Chōsokabe (in Xtreme Legends only), Shimazu, and Date armies, and the western side sieged by the Toyotomi main army.

In the Sengoku Basara Season 2 anime, Odawara Castle was the setting for the fight between Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Date Masamune. Hideyoshi was killed in the castle at Masamune's hands. Afterwards, Ishida Mitsunari went to the castle to grieve his master's demise.


  1. ^ Chiba-ki, Takayama Kiyotaka
  • Sansom, George (1961). "A History of Japan: 1334-1615." Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Turnbull, Stephen (1998). 'The Samurai Sourcebook'. London: Cassell & Co.
  • Takayama, Kiyotaka (1893). "Chiba-ki" (千葉記). Tokyo: Keizai Zasshisha.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.