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Sixth Framework Programme

The Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development, also called Framework Programmes or abbreviated FP1 through FP8, are funding programmes created by the European Union in order to support and encourage research in the European Research Area (ERA). The specific objectives and actions vary between funding periods.

Background

Conducting European research policies and implementing European research programmes is an obligation under the Amsterdam Treaty, which includes a chapter on research and technological development. To advise the European Commission on the overall strategy to be followed in carrying out the Information and Communication Technology thematic priority, the Information Society Technologies Advisory Group (ISTAG) was set up.[1]

Instruments

Framework Programme projects are generally funded through instruments, the most important of which are listed below.

Integrating Project (IP)
Medium- to large-sized collaborative research projects funded in FP6 and FP7. They are composed of a minimum of 3 partners coming from 3 different countries from Associated states but can join several tens of partners. The typical duration of such projects is 3 to 5 years but there is not a defined upper limit. The budget granted by the Commission can reach several tens of million euros, paid as a fraction of the actual costs spent by the participants.[2]
IPs specifically aim at fostering European competitiveness in basic research and applied science with a focus on "addressing major needs in society" defined by the Priority Themes of the Framework Programme. Like STRePs (see below), IPs ask for a strong participation of small or medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to ascertain the translation of research results into commercially viable products or services.[3]
Network of Excellence (NoE)
Medium-sized research projects co-funded by the European Commission in FP6 and FP7. These projects are "designed to strengthen scientific and technological excellence on a particular research topic through the durable integration of the research capacities of the participants."[4]
NoE projects require the minimum participation of three different EU member nations, however, projects are usually expected to involve at least six countries.[5] Projects are provided grants for a maximum of seven years. The budget granted by the Commission is €1-6million per year depending upon the number of researchers involved.[5]
An NoE project should not strictly be considered as a research project, since its aim is not to conduct research, but rather to contribute to the clarification of the concepts in the covered field.
Specific Targeted Research Projects (STReP)
Medium-sized research projects funded by the European Commission in the FP6 and FP7 funding programs. STReP projects are composed by a minimum of 3 partners coming from 3 different countries from Associated states. The typical duration of such projects is 2 to 3 years. In FP6, they generally involved between 6 and 15 partners. The budget granted by the Commission is in average around €2 million.[6]

The programmes

The framework programmes up until Framework Programme 6 covered five-year periods, but from Framework Programme 7 on, programmes will run for seven years. The Framework Programmes, and their budgets in billions of euros, have been and will be:[7]

Framework Programme period budget in billions
First 1984–1988 €3.75
Second 1987–1991 €5.396
Third 1990–1994 €6.6
Fourth 1994–1998 €13.215
Fifth 1998–2002 €14.96
Sixth 2002–2006 €17.883
Seventh 2007–2013 €50.521 over 7 years
+ €2.7 for Euratom over 5 years[8]
Eighth, called Horizon 2020[9] 2014–2020 €80 (estimated)[10]

Framework Programme 5

FF POIROT

The Financial Fraud Prevention-Oriented Information Resources using Ontology Technology (FF POIROT) project was an EU fifth framework funded, Information Society Technologies (IST) project (IST- 2001-38248) developed in response to the hundreds of millions of Euros lost every year in the EU due to financial fraud[11] engendered by global digital markets.

Framework Programme 6

The Sixth Framework Programme took place from 3 June 2002 until 2006.

BEinGRID

The largest project was BEinGRID (Business Experiments in Grid), started in June 2006 and concluded in 2009.[12]

AssessGrid

The Advanced risk assessment and management for trustable grids project (AssessGrid) project started in April 2006 and ended in March 2009.[13][14]

Access-eGov

The eGovernment-oriented Access-eGov project (Access to e-Government Services Employing Semantic Technologies) started in January 2006 and concluded in 2009.[15]

Akogrimo

The Access to KnOwledge through the GRId in a MObile World project (Akogrimo) project started in July 2004 and ended in October 2007.[16][17]

ARGUGRID

The Argumentation as a foundation for the semantic grid (ARGUGRID) project started in 2006 and ended 31 May 2009.[18][19]

ASG

The Adaptive Services Grid project did research on service-oriented architecture, completed on 28 February 2007.[20][21]

DAIDALOS

The Designing Advanced network Interfaces for the Delivery and Administration of Location independent, Optimised personal Services (DAIDALOS) project on mobile phone systems started in November 2003 with a second phase from 2006 to 2008.[22][23][24]

KnowARC

The Grid-enabled Know-how Sharing Technology Based on ARC Services and Open Standards project developed a Grid software solution based on the original architecture of the Advanced Resource Connector (ARC) and open community standards. ARC became one of the solutions used in the European Grid Infrastructure.[25]

PLANETS Project

The Preservation and Long-term Access through Networked Services project addressed core digital preservation challenges. The primary goal for Planets was to build practical services and tools to help ensure long-term access to digital cultural and scientific assets. The outputs of the project are now sustained by the follow-on organisation, the Open Planets Foundation.[26][27]

SALERO

The Semantic AudiovisuaL Entertainment Reusable Objects (SALERO) project started in January 2006 and ended 31 December 2009.[28][29][30][31][32]

SUPER

The Semantics Utilised for Process management within and between EnteRprises (SUPER) project started in April 2006 and ended 31 March 2009.[33][34]

UbiSec&Sens

The Ubiquitous Security and Sensing in the European Homeland project studying wireless sensor networks ran from January 2006 to December 2008.[35][36]

Update

Understanding and Providing a Developmental Approach to Technology Education (Update), studied science and technology teaching from 2007 to 2009.[37]

Framework Programme 7

The funding of the Seventh Framework Programme started in 2007.[8]

AnastomoSEAL

The

AQUALITY

'Online industrial water quality analysis system for rapid and accurate detection of pathogens' (AQUALITY project) proposes to develop an online water monitoring device for microbiological contamination analysis, allowing industries and environmental protection agencies to replace the routine activities of sampling and laboratory testing of pathogens. The new system will be able to real-time monitor the quality of industrial process water and effluents basing on an opto-ultrasonic device and on a lipid-based diagnostic kit. The novelty of the approach is the use of engineered liposomes for detecting bacteria in water: the liposomes will be loaded with a chromophore and engineered to specifically react with one target bacteria; this is the simple operating system of the AQUALITY system, which is completed by an ultrasonic unit to concentrate bacteria and an optical unit for detecting the sample colour change following to the interaction between liposomes and bacteria.[39]

ARROWS

'Advanced interfaced micro-systems Research for analysis of Real-wOrld clinical, food, environmental and Waste Samples' The goal of ARROWS is to develop a microengineered platform for the analysis of ‘real-world’ samples from the food, drink and healthcare industries. The principle deliverable will be a chip-scale capillary electrophoresis/liquid chromatography mass spectrometer (CE/LC-MS) that matches the performance of today’s mainframe systems.[40]

BATS

The research project (Broadband Access via integrated Terrestrial & Satellite systems), aims to bridge the potentially widening Broadband divide between urban and rural areas in order to meet the objectives set forth in the EC Digital Agenda: universal availability of Broadband speeds of at least 30 Mbit/s throughout Europe, with 50% having speeds above 100 Mbit/s by 2020. Since even accelerated deployment of current terrestrial Broadband technology will not be able to satisfy this requirement in the most difficult-to-serve locations, this will be accomplished by BATS via an integrated approach that combines the flexibility, large coverage and high capacity of future multi-spotbeam high throughput satellites, the low latency of fixed DSL lines, and the pervasiveness of mobile/wireless access.[41]

BIG

Big Data Public Private Forum (BIG) is working towards the definition and implementation of a clear strategy that tackles the necessary efforts in terms of research and innovation, while also it provides a major boost for technology adoption and supporting actions for the successful implementation of the Big Data economy. The project started in September 2012 and runs through October 2014. [42]

COMET

The 30 month industrial robots) that are flexible, reliable and predictable with an average of 30% cost efficiency savings in comparison to machine tools. From a conceptual point of view, industrial robot technology could provide an excellent base for machining being both flexible and cost efficient. However, industrial robots lack absolute positioning accuracy, are unable to reject disturbances in terms of process forces and lack reliable programming and simulation tools to ensure right first time machining, once production commences. These three critical limitations currently prevent the use of robots in typical machining applications.

CAAST-Net

The Network for the Coordination and Advancement of sub-Saharan Africa-EU Science & Technology Cooperation (CAAST-Net) has been developed as a high-level platform for providing indigenous capacity in science and technology, It launched in 2008 and ends in December 2012.

CELAR

CELAR delivers a fully automated and highly customisable system for elastic provisioning of resources in cloud computing platforms. Auto Scaling Resources is one of the top obstacles and opportunities for cloud computing: consumers can minimize the execution time of their tasks without exceeding a given budget. Cloud providers maximise their financial gain while keeping their customers satisfied and minimizing administrative costs. Many systems claim to offer adaptive elasticity, yet the “throttling” is usually performed manually, requiring the user to figure out the proper scaling conditions. In order to harvest the benefits of elastic provisioning, it is imperative that it be performed in an automated, fully customizable manner.

E-SIGNAGE

E-SIGNAGE project being funded as part of the EU’s 7th Framework Programme (FP7). Project ran from November 2011 to April, 2013. The objective was to develop a large area, low-cost, high brightness and contrast level, robust, energy-efficient (bi-stable; no backlight needed), high information content two-colour electronic outdoor message board that is able to receive data via GSM communication and uses solar energy as a power source.

CoMiFin

The project CoMiFin, running from September 2008 for 30 months, supplied "Communication middleware for monitoring financial CI".[43][44]

ComVantage

The EU research project ComVantage envisions a mobile product-centric collaboration space for dynamic and flexible information exchange between multiple companies including the end-customer, based on Web 2.0 technologies. It addresses major challenges comprising the architecture of Future Internet Networked Enterprise Systems facilitating secure multi-domain information access for the Web of Linked Data, coupling of legacy information systems, and provisioning of intuitive and easy to use mobile applications to meet the requirements of the production manufacturing scenarios. The collaboration space shall be an extension to existing business and engineering software enabling to share selected business data and machine data of interorganisational relevance to increase efficiency and flexibility of production processes in a dynamic network of manufacturers.

CONCERTO

The CONCERTO Initiative is an initiative which aims to demonstrate that the optimisation of the building sector of whole communities is more efficient and cheaper than optimisation of each building individually.[45]

CORETO

Developing systems to monitor the condition of large wind turbines in real time.

E-SIGNAGE

E-SIGNAGE project, funded as part of the EU’s 7th Framework Programme (FP7). Project ran from November 2011 to April, 2013. The objective was to develop a large area, low-cost, high brightness and contrast level, robust, energy-efficient (bi-stable; no backlight needed), high information content two-colour electronic outdoor message board able to receive data via GSM communication and uses solar energy as a power source.

EAST-NMR

The EAST-NMR project connects 21 partners and is coordinated by the Johan Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt. It provides access for scientist all over the world to NMR facilities stationed in Eastern Europe. It therefor relies on experiences made during another EU project (EU-NMR). Furthermore scientists from Eastern Europe are trained and educated with regard to the potential and us of NMR technology. As well the project aims to make further progress in the sample preparation technologies of difficult to tackle membrane proteins through joint research initiatives [46]

EDENext

EDENext, Biology and control of vector-borne infections in Europe, is dedicated to investigating the biological, ecological and epidemiological components of vector-borne diseases – particularly their introduction, emergence and spread – and the creation of new tools to control them. It was officially launched in March 2011 and brings together 46 partners from 22 countries.[47]

EJOLT

EJOLT or Environmental Justice Organizations, Liabilit and Trade runs from March 2011 to 2015. The project supports the work of Environmental Justice Organizations, uniting scientists, activist organizations, think-tanks, policy-makers from the fields of environmental law, environmental health, political ecology, ecological economics, to talk about issues related to Ecological Distribution. Central concepts are Ecological Debts (or Environmental Liabilities) and Ecologically Unequal Exchange. 23 civil society organizations and universities from 20 countries in Europe, Africa, Latin-America and Asia work together on advancing the cause of environmental justice. EJOLT is building case studies, linking organisations internationally and making an interactive global map of environmental justice.[48]

EMOTE

EMOTE [3] is a collaborative project to develop artificial embodied tutors with perceptive and empathic capabilities to engage with learners in a shared space. The acronym stands for EMbOdied-perceptive Tutors for Empathy-based learning. Project goals are to research the role of pedagogical and empathic interventions in the engaging the learner, and exploring how the exchange of socio-emotional cues with an embodied tutor can create a sense of connection and act as a facilitator of the learning experience.

This will be done across different embodiments (both virtual and robotic), allowing for the effect that such embodiment will have on engagement and empathy to be explored. Further, the project will support the migration of the artificial tutors across different embodiments, to support students’ learning in both formal and informal settings. EMOTE project will also develop a showcase to ground the research in a concrete classroom scenario.

EPI-WATER

EPI-WATER Project (Evaluating Economic Policy Instruments for Sustainable Water Management in Europe, 2011–2013)[49] aims to assess the effectiveness and the efficiency of Economic Policy Instruments in achieving water policy goals, and to identify the preconditions under which they complement or perform better than alternative (e.g. regulatory or voluntary) policy instruments. It bring together 11 partners from 9 countries.

EPIWORK

EPIWORK Project (Monitoring and Forecasting of Epidemics on a European Scale, 2009–2013)[50] aims to develop a framework for epidemic monitoring and forecasting to be used by epidemiologists and public health scientists.

EPOS

EPOS Project (European Plate Observing System, 2010–2013)[51] aims at creating a single sustainable, permanent and distributed infrastructure, integrating land-based geophysical monitoring networks, local observatories and experimental laboratories in Europe.

The project will give open access to geophysical and geological data and modelling tools, enabling a step change in multidisciplinary scientific research into different fields, including seismic and volcanic hazards, environmental changes as well as energy and long-term sustainability.

EUFODOS

In the FP 7 Project EUFODOS [4](01/2011-12/2013) regional forest downstream services are developed which are focusing on degradation issues such as the assessment of damage caused by disastrous events from storm, fire, snow-break or insect infestations. EUFODOS uses GMES HR Forest Core Layer, state-of-the-art optical and radar satellites as well as laser scanning technology to provide forest authorities with cost-effective and timely information on forest structure and damage.

FCHR

The FCHR project ('Fluid foods pasteurizer and homogenizer based on Centrifugal Hydrocavitation Reactor') proposes the implementation of an integrated pasteurizer and homogenizer for fluid foods based on an alternative approach induced only by mechanical means: controlled hydrodynamic cavitation, which consists in the generation of huge amounts of energy in the form of shock waves, due to the turbulence produced in a fluid by pressure fluctuations.[52] It will bring High scalability, with potential for use of parallel reactors, and energy saving of about 20%, higher digestibility and lower temperatures to achieve the same pasteurization effect, this reducing the degradation of nutrients and preserving the flavour of the food

FoFdation

The FoFdation project is initiated within the ‘Factories of the Future’, a €1.2 billion program in which the European Commission and industry are collaborating in research to support the development and innovation of new enabling technologies for the EU manufacturing sector. In particular, it will address the problems of managing global cooperation with multiple supply chain partners. achieving continuous and high quality operations under productivity pressures and environmental constraints. and tracking and managing information for traceability, security and sustainability.

GREENLION

The

GRiP

GRiP (Global Research in Paediatrics) is a Network of Excellence (NoE) to develop an internationally recognised training programme in Paediatric Clinical Pharmacology and to improve the knowledge on and safe use of medicines in children.[54] GRiP brings together researchers from several institutions in Europe, North America and Japan.

iCardea

The iCardea Project (An intelligent Platform for Personalized Remote Monitoring of the Cardiac Patients with Electronic Implant Devices, 2010–2013) develops an intelligent platform to automate and personalise the follow-up of the cardiac patients with implantable devices.[55]

IDIRA

IDIRA (2011–2015) develops a system of technologies and guidelines for optimal resource planning and operations across national and organisational borders in case of disasters.[56]

IDPbyNMR

IDPbyNMR is an infrastructure project aiming to improve research capabilities within the region. Recent evidence shows that a large number of proteins gain functional advantages by remaining natively unstructured,[57] either completely or partially, thus challenging well-established concepts in structural biology. In this frame NMR plays a strategic role to characterise at atomic resolution the highly dynamical properties of such intrinsically unstructured proteins, and follow their (possible) reorganisation by interacting with partners in environments as complex as whole cells.

IKS

IKS (Interactive Knowledge Stack, 2009–2012) develops an open source stack for knowledge management, broadens the reach of semantic CMS technology and serves as a collaboration and software development hub for the semantic CMS community.[58] The work has been incubated in 2010 and graduated in 2012 at the Apache Software Foundation under the name of Apache Stanbol to ensure its continuation after the end of the project.[59]

IMAGINE

IMAGINE[60] is funded under the "Virtual Factories and Enterprises" theme of the 7th Framework Programme.[61] IMAGINE attempts to develop a new comprehensive methodology and platform for effective end-to-end management of dynamic manufacturing networks in a "plug and produce" approach, and aims at creating a new production model, based on community, collaboration, self-organisation, and openness rather than on hierarchy and centralised control. Dynamic Manufacturing Networks are Collaborative networks of manufacturing companies, which are build up spontaneously, or have a flexible structure (in terms of changing members and roles).

INFLATER

The INFLATER project aims to create a novel strategy to help EU member states implement flood management, given that floods continue to threaten the personal and economic lives of European businesses and citizens.[62][63]

iProd

iProd (Integrated management of product heterogeneous data)[64] is a Framework Programme 7 project with the general aim to improve the efficiency and quality of the Product Development Process of innovative products by developing a flexible and service oriented software framework that, reasoning and operating on a well-structured knowledge, will be the backbone of the computer systems associated with current and new product development processes. iProd addresses PDP in a general way for manufacturing companies, but wants to prove the approach and methodologies in three well defined application areas, i.e., the aerospace, the automotive and the home appliances industries. These three areas generate the largest impact in European economy and are here addressed as the main targets for the iProd application.

Keeping Emulation Environments Portable

In 2007 the Keeping Emulation Environments Portable (KEEP) project develops Digital preservation tools and methodologies to keep digital software objects available in their original context. Digital software objects as video games might get lost because of digital obsolescence, becoming Abandonware and non-availability of required legacy hardware or operating system software. As most often the source code is not available anymore,[65] emulation is the only preservation opportunity. KEEP provided an emulation framework to help the creation of such emulators. Keep was developed by Vincent Joguin, launched in February 2009 and was coordinated by Elisabeth Freyre of the French National Library. [66]

KULTURisk

KULTURisk project aims at evaluating the benefits of different risk prevention initiatives.[67] This evaluation will be carried out by developing a novel methodology and referring to different types of water-related catastrophes, such as river inundations, urban flash floods, storm surges, rainfall-triggered debris flows and landslides. In order to demonstrate the advantages of prevention options, an original methodology will be developed, applied and validated using specific European case studies. The benefits of state-of-the-art prevention measures, such as early warning systems, non-structural options (e.g. mapping and planning), risk transfer strategies (e.g. insurance policy), and structural initiatives, will be demonstrated.

LEGIOTEX

Legiotex[68] is a filter and control system for continuous bactericide filtration and control to inhibit the growth and proliferation of the bacteria belonging to the Legionella pneumophila family in water in close-circuit cooling towers and drinking water distribution systems which accumulate water and spread it as an aerosol in risk of becoming a source for legionnaire's disease outbreaks in large public and industrial facilities.

LIMITS

LIMITS Project (Low climate IMpact scenarios and the Implications of required Tight emission control Strategies, 2011–2014)[69] aims to provide an assessment of the emissions reductions strategies at global levels, and to assess their implementation in terms of: Defining the feasibility of low carbon scenarios and the associated emission reduction pathways according to different assumptions about technology availability, policy regimes, implementation obstacles, and level of commitment at the regional level; Assessing the investment requirements to implement these transformation pathways and the financing mechanisms such that these resources can be best raised and allocated. Evaluating the national and international policies which are needed to ensure that the transition to a low carbon energy infrastructure is attained efficiently, given specific obstacles in the respective economies; quantifying the changes in the energy infrastructure and land use which major economies would need to implement to attain stringent climate policies, and assessing the feasibility and risks of such changes; evaluating the linkages of climate policies with other pressing social and environmental issues such as energy security, air pollution and economic development.

LOD2

LOD2 is a large-scale project linking leading Linked Open Data technology researchers, companies, and service providers (15 partners) from 11 European countries (and one associated partner from Korea), coordinated by the AKSW research group at the University of Leipzig. The outputs will range from sci-tech to socio-economic areas by providing new technologies and an underlying scientific basis for these and by applying these new technologies to a number of Semantic Web areas experiencing commercial (enterprise search, media and publishing), scientific (extraction, interlinking, ontology classification and fusion methods), and sociological (community knowledge, integration in social networks, eGovernment) success at present.

ManuVAR

ManuVAR (Manual Work Support throughout System Lifecycle by Exploiting Virtual and Augmented Reality) aims at improving high knowledge high value manual work (i.e. the type of work that cannot be offshored or automated because it constitutes the core of the business operation that has to be made locally and manually with highly experienced and knowledgeable personnel) by combining product lifecycle management (PLM), virtual and augmented reality technology, and ergonomics methods. It covers five industrial domains: terrestrial satellite assembly, design of assembly lines in small and medium enterprises, maintenance in the railway sector, training on non-destructive techniques in power plant maintenance, and heavy machinery productization and maintenance.[70]

[MODAClouds]

The goal of the MODAClouds project is to provide methods, a decision support system, an open source Integrated development environment (IDE) and run-time environment for the high-level design, early prototyping, semi-automatic code generation and automatic deployment of applications on multi-Clouds with guaranteed quality of service.

MossClone

Mossclone is the brief name for the research consortium working in the project entitled "Creating and testing a method for controlling the air quality based on a new biotechnological tool. Use of a devitalized moss clone as passive contaminant sensor". The researchers involved are trying to develop a new biotechnological and standardized tool to monitor air quality a fully characterized moss clone together with optimal exposure conditions. This shall improve the constant control of air pollution since existing technologies are either expensive or not precise enough. This European project belongs to the 7th Framework Programme (FP7), specifically within the FP7 Cooperation programme. The research consortium consists of five academic partners and five small and medium enterprises (SMEs) who are located in Spain, Germany, France, Italy and Ireland. The project started in April 2012 and funding will finish in March 2015.

MultiHy

MultiHy has a combined budget of €5.3 million (including EU and partner contributions) and will run from 1 May 2011 until 30 April 2015. The aim of is to develop industrially relevant computational models to assist in the evaluation of the susceptibility of complex materials to hydrogen embrittlement under realistic service conditions. Hydrogen embrittlement is a serious and costly industrial problem that affects a diverse range of engineering materials in common environments. There is an urgent need to develop a better understanding of hydrogen embrittlement and to develop tools to evaluate the impact of hydrogen on the structural integrity of materials and components. MultiHy aims to achieve this by developing an advanced multiscale framework and applying it to real industrial problems involving hydrogen embrittlement.

MultiPARTES

Multi-cores Partitioning for Trusted Embedded Systems (MultiPARTES) is a collaborative research STREP project supported by the European Union under the 7th Framework Programme in the area of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). MultiPARTES started on 1 September 2011, and will last for 3 years. The project aims at developing tools and solutions for building trusted embedded systems with mixed criticality components on multicore platforms. It is based on developing an innovative open-source multicore-platform virtualization layer based on the XtratuM hypervisor. A software development methodology and its associated tools will be developed in order to enable trusted real-time embedded systems to be developed as partioned applications in a timely and cost-effective way.

MyOcean

MyOcean is an operational oceanographic project which aims to monitor all sort of parameters in global oceans and forecast the state of the ocean thanks to ocean numeric models.

NannoS3

NanoS3 project is an Initial Training Network formed by 8 Academia and 2 full industrial Partners. The objectives are training and research in soft matter nanoscience.. focusing on organizing soft nanoparticles, the dynamics of soft nanoparticles, and soft nanoparticles at interfacesIt will accomplish this by training early stage researchers in a wide variety of modern bulk and surface techniques, as well as in modelling and synthetic methods. It will organize a series of tutorial courses on specialized topics, organize network workshops, and implement secondments and visits. It will organize trainings in e.g. project management, proposal writing, presentation skills, IP and patent rights and Innovation. [71]

NeTTUN

The NeTTUN consortium of 21 Industrial, Research & Development laboratories and SME organisations in 9 countries in Europe will enable groundbreaking change in the construction, management and maintenance of tunnels. The results will impact the tunnelling industry by enlarging business perspectives, with productivity increase; delivering underground operations with zero impact on surroundings; improving safety; and strengthening competitiveness of European industry.[72]

NovelTree

NovelTree is a tree breeding initiative to investigate the potential of using the most up-to-date high-tech genetic screening techniques to improve genetic gains of economic traits and operational efficiencies. It is coordinated by the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (France) with partial funding coming from the respective consortium partners which consist of 15 public and private European organisations.[73]

ONTORULE

ONTORULE project[74] (ONTOlogies meet business RULEs) ran from January 2009 to December 2011. It aimed to integrate some pieces of knowledge and technology, such as the acquisition of ontologies and rules from appropriate sources, including natural language documents; their separate management and maintenance; and their transparent operationalization in IT applications.

OPTObacteria

The OPTObacteria project [75] began in November 2012 for 12 months. The project aims to develop a multianalyte automatic system for the detection of drug resistant bacteria, with a faster turnaround time than current approaches, thus improving control of the spread of such infections and enabling earlier appropriate therapeutic interventions.

PaaSage

PaaSage is a project that aims at creating a development and deployment platform together with an appropriate methodology for helping software engineers creating new applications and migrating old applications that can run on multiple Cloud platforms.

Parsifal

The Project Parsifal (Protection and Trust in Financial Infrastructures) began in September 2008 for 18 months. It supported the European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (EPCIP) in the research area financial Infrastructure security.[76] Two workshops took place in Frankfurt in 2009.[77][78] The project yielded eight recommendations for further research, published in "ISSE 2010 Securing Electronic Business Processes".[79] The project contributed to the "Trust-terms ontology for defining security requirements and metrics".[79][80] The German DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung based its "Consultation on an Industrial Policy for the Security Industry" on results of Parsifal, among others, for the topic "5.1.c) Introducing the ethical/societal dimension in security technologies".[81]

PHORBITECH

PHORBITECH,[82] "A Toolbox for Photon Orbital Angular Momentum Technology" is a FP7 project lasting from October 2010 to September 2013, financed within the Future Emerging Technology (FET) scheme, with the goal of advancing the science and technology of the orbital angular momentum of light. It involved the University of Naples Federico II (coordinator), Sapienza University of Rome, ICFO Barcelona, University of Glasgow, University of Bristol, University of Leiden and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (the latter added within an international extension program).

ROLE

The Project [8].

SAFEPROTEX

The project e [85] intends to develop advanced protective clothing for teams involved in search and rescue operations. SAFEPROTEX incorporates multiple protective technologies in order to enhance protection for rescue teams.[86]

SANDRA

SANDRA, stands for Seamless Aeronautical Networking through integration of Data links, Radios and Antennas, a research project that started on 1 October 2009 and will end on 30 September 2013. It aims at the definition, the integration, and the validation of a reference communication architecture, SANDRA Airborne Communication Architecture, directly related to the Service Oriented Avionics Architecture envisaged in the Future Communications Study (FAA/EUROCONTROL, 2007).[87]

SANDRA approach consists in pursuing integration at different levels:

  • Service integration. Integration of a full range of applications (ATS,[88] AOC,[88] AAC, APC);
  • Network integration. Based on interworking of different radio access technologies through a common IP-based aeronautical network whilst maintaining support for existing network technologies (ACARS, ATN/OSI, ATN/IPS, IPv4, IPv6);
  • Radio integration. Integration of radio technologies in an Integrated Modular Radio platform (applying IMA concepts to communication avionics);
  • Antenna integration. L-band and Ku-band link antennas will be used to enable an asymmetric broadband link;
  • WiMAX adaptation for integrated multi-domain airport connectivity.

SANDRA pursues the architectural integration of aeronautical communication systems using industry standards like IP, IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX), DVB-S2, Inmarsat SwiftBroadBand, a set of common interfaces, and standard network protocols having IPv6 as final unification point to enable a cost-efficient global and reliable provision of distributed services in all airspace domains to all aircraft classes.

Since 2009 SANDRA activities have been coordinated with other R&D programs. For instance, EUROCAE WG-82 has been committed to develop the appropriate standards relative to new air-ground data link technologies including data links for airport surface named AeroMACS, which is a WIMAX (IEEE 802.16 - 2009). In that context, the WG 82 Group has been set up collaboration with WIMAX Forum, RTCA, SESAR JU and SANDRA members.[89] The overall SANDRA system will be validated in a common laboratory test-bed and in-flight trials using the German Aerospace Center Airbus A-320. Flight Trials are planned on June 2013.

ROV-E

The main objective of the "Lightweight Technologies for Exploration Rovers" project (ROV-E)[90] is the development of the technologies required to obtain "lightweight–fully integrated equipments and subassemblies for exploration rovers based on multifunctional structures".

The aim is to give a step forward in the multifunctional technology, integrating not only structural and thermal functions in the component but also electrical, health monitoring, EMI-EMC shielding, mobility functions for rover driving and steering, power generation and storage. The project started in January 2011 and will run for 3 years

RUBICON

RUPBICON is a project to create a self-learning robotic ecology, (obotic UBIquitous COgnitiveNetwork), consisting of a network of sensors, effectors and mobile robot devices." [91] The ecology will act as a persistent memory and source of intelligence and will exploit the mobility and the better sensing capabilities of the robots to verify and provide feedback on its own performance. It will cost 3,308,140 EURO, and run from 2011-04-01 to 2014-03-31. The Project Coordinator is NUI Galway and the other participants are Pintail Ltd, Örebro University, Robotnik Automation SLL, Fondazione Stella Maris, the University of Ulster, Fundacion Tecnalia Research & Innovation, the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche and the Università di Pisa

SARABAND

The SARABAND project (Smart Antenna & Radio for Access and Backhaul for Advanced Network noDes (SARABAND) aims at taking advantage of the Q-band frequency band (40,5 to 43,5 GHz) in a cost-effective way to provide higher performing and integrated network nodes for the wireless backhaul of future mobile radio and last mile access for the digital divide by developing smart antennas and front-end radio modules. The use of millimeter waves, particularly at Q-band where 3 GHz bandwidth has been regulated by EU, can bring large capacity with high throughputs, fast deployment, with lightweight and discrete equipment. T Project started in October 2011 and will run for 3 years.[92]

SCAPE Project

The SCAlable Preservation Environments project will enhance the state of the art of digital preservation by developing infrastructure and tools for scalable preservation actions; by providing a framework for automated, quality-assured preservation workflows and by integrating these components with a policy-based preservation planning and watch system. These concrete project results will be validated within three large-scale Testbeds from diverse application areas.[93]

SCYPRI

The SCYPRI (Smart Cylinders for Flexographic Printing Industry) project funded by the FP7 under the Research for the Benefit of SMEs call . It proposes the design, implementation and validation of an innovative smart plate cylinder to solve problems in the Flexographic printing industry. The coordinator of the project is Reglass spa (Italy,), the other partners are Proyeccion Europlan XXI s.l.(Spain), E.N.I.A. Rdi Ltd(Cyprus), Centro Regionale Information Communication Technology scrl (Italy), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche,(Italy) and the University of Bath

SecureChange

SecureChange (Security Engineering for Lifelong Evolvable Systems) is a research project with the objective to develop techniques and tools that ensure "lifelong" compliance to evolving security, privacy and dependability requirements for a long-running evolving software system.

SemanticHealthNet

The SemanticHealthNet (a.k.a. SHN or Semantic Interoperability for Health Network) project will develop a scalable and sustainable pan-European organisational and governance process for the semantic interoperability of clinical and biomedical knowledge, to help ensure that Electronic Health Record systems are optimised for patient care, public health and clinical research across healthcare systems and institutions. Through a clinically driven workplan, exemplified in cardiovascular medicine, SemanticHealthNet will capture the needs for evidence-based, patient-centred integrated care and for public health, encapsulating existing European consensus in the management of chronic heart failure and cardiovascular prevention. Experts in electronic health record architectures, clinical data structures, terminologies and ontology will combine, tailor and pilot their best-of-breed resources in response to the needs articulated by clinicians and public health physicians.

This project is supported by the European Union's 7th Framework Programme and runs for 36 months (Dec 2011 - Nov 2014). The SemanticHealthNet consortium comprises 17 Partners and more than 40 internationally recognised experts, including from USA and Canada, ensuring a global impact.

SESAME

Securing the European Electricity Supply Against Malicious and accidental thrEats (SESAME) aims at providing a contribution to the development of tools and a regulation framework for the security of the European power grid against natural, accidental and malicious threats. During the project (05/2011 - 04/2014), SESAME develops a Decision Support System (DSS) for the protection of the European power system and applies it to two regional electricity grids, Austria and Romania.[94]

SIDER

"Radiation shielding of composite space enclosures" project (SIDER)[95] is funded by the European Union's 7th Framework Programme under Cooperation Specific Programme and addresses the objectives of activity 9.2 "Strengthening the foundations of Space science and technology", SPA.2010.2.3-01 "Security of space assets from space weather events". The project started in December 2010 and will run for 3 years.

Space electronics systems employ enclosures to shield sensitive components from space radiation. The purpose of shielding is to attenuate the energy of charged particles as they pass through the shield material. The standard practice in space hardware is the use of aluminium as both a radiation shield and structural enclosure. The new concepts for lightweight satellite show the possibilities of using advanced designs based on composite housings. Nevertheless, the radiation effect on composites is still scarcely investigated.

The main objective of SIDER is "the development of the technologies and tools required to obtain lightweight, safe, robust and reliable composite structures".

SPIDIMAN

SPREAD

Template:Cleanup section SPREAD Sustainable Lifestyles 2050 - Social Platform identifying Research and Policy needs for Sustainable Lifestyles. What is a sustainable lifestyle? What will a sustainable future mean for the way we live, move, and consume? How do we know if our lifestyles are sustainable or not? How can our aspirations for life and well-being improvements be enabled sustainably (within one planet)? These are some of the underlying questions driving the SPREAD Sustainable Lifestyles 2050 European social platform project.[97]

ThermoMag Project

The ThermoMag project is based on a well known space technology for converting heat directly into electricity by means of thermoelectric generators (TEGs). The core concept of ThermoMag revolves around developing and delivering new energy-harvesting thermoelectric materials and proof-of-concept modules, based on 3D nanostructured bulk Mg2Si (magnesium silicide) solid solutions.

This 6 million euro project is supported by the European Union's 7th Framework Programme and runs for 3.5 years (2011–2014). ThermoMag is coordinated by the European Space Agency and consists of a consortium of 15 public and private European partners.

THROMBUS Project

The problem addressed in THROMBUS project is to propose a multi-scale simulation model in order to predict how cerebral aneurysms may occlude after insertion of a stent. Nowadays, the choice of which stent to deploy in medical practice is left to the physician's expertise and remains intuitive. The project will study through numerical simulations the effect of recent pipeline stents configurations in patient specific geometry trying to understand why some stents produce good thrombus while others don't.

The project is supported by the European Union's 7th Framework Programme and funded for 3 years (2011–2014).

TIMBUS Project

The TIMBUS project addresses the challenge of business process preservation to ensure the long-term continued access to processes and services. TIMBUS builds on feasibility and cost-benefit analysis in order to analyse and recommend which aspects of a business process should be preserved and how to preserve them. It delivers methodologies and tools to capture and formalise business processes on both technical and organisational levels. This includes their underlying software and hardware infrastructures and dependencies on third-party services and information. TIMBUS aligns digital preservation with well-established methods for enterprise risk management (ERM) and business continuity management (BCM).[98]


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Trees4Future

Trees4Future (Designing Trees for the Future)[99] is an Integrative European Research Infrastructure project that aims to integrate, develop and improve major forest genetics and forestry research infrastructures. The Trees4Future Transnational Access Programme offers external users free access to state-of-the-art forest research structures and facilities across Europe.

The 9 million euro project is supported by the European Union's 7th Framework Programme and runs for four years (2011–2015). Trees4Future is coordinated by the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (France), and consists of a consortium of 28 public and private European partners.[100]

UrbaChina

UrbaChina[101] (2011–2015) is a project funded under the theme ‘Understanding urbanisation trends and processes in contemporary China’. UrbaChina aims at analysing China's urbanisation trends for the next 40 years.[102] This collaborative project is managed by a consortium of 11 Chinese and European research institutions and is led by CNRS (France).

WEBINOS

webinos (Secure Web Operating System Application Delivery Environment) is an EU funded project aiming to develop a secure open source platform for Web applications and services that span a broad range of devices including mobile, tablet, desktop, home media (e.g. television sets) and in-car units. Webinos[103] was launched in September 2010 with over twenty partners spanning academic institutions, industry research firms, software firms, handset manufacturers and automotive manufacturers. The project is scheduled to run for three years as a "Service Platform" project under the EU Framework Programme 7 ICT Programme.[104] webinos extends the web runtime with application programming interfaces that support 1. Discovery of local devices and services independent of the interconnect technology (e.g. WiFi, Bluetooth, USB, Firewire and ZigBee).[105] 2. Discovery of devices and services via social proximity through an extension of social networking concepts. 3. Access to local and remote services in a manner that masks details of interconnect technologies and network address translation. 4. Access to information on the context (user preferences, device status and capabilities, and the environment). Up to now webinos has produced five official reports Use Cases and Scenarios,[106] Requirements & developer experience analysis,[107] User expectations on privacy and security,[108] Industry landscape, governance, licensing and IPR frameworks,[109] The Open Governance Index.[110] In addition, the project has produced research papers and early technical demos.[111][112] In order to continue work when the EU project funding comes to an end webinos has announced plans to launch a webinos foundation to address this challenge, starting with an affiliate program aimed at attracting further participants to work on the specifications and open source platform.[113]

Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative

The Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative is a public-private venture to "deliver 'fit-for-use' hydrogen energy and fuel cell technologies with a funding of € 470 million for the period 2008–2017. The next program will be Horizon 2020, the new framework for Research and Development for the period 2014–2020.[114][115]

XLike: Cross-Lingual Knowledge Extraction

The goal of the XLike[116] project is to develop technology to monitor and aggregate knowledge that is currently spread across mainstream and social media, and to enable cross-lingual services for publishers, media monitoring and business intelligence. The aim is to combine scientific insights from several scientific areas to contribute in the area of cross-lingual text understanding. By combining modern computational linguistics, machine learning, text mining and semantic technologies we plan to deal with the following two key open research problems: (a) to extract and integrate formal knowledge from multilingual texts with cross-lingual knowledge bases, and (b) to adapt linguistic techniques and crowdsourcing to deal with irregularities in informal language used primarily in social media. The developed technology will be language-agnostic, while within the project we will specifically address English, German, Spanish, Chinese and Hindi as major world languages and Catalan and Slovenian as minority languages.

YEAR2008

Young Research Area of Research supported a competition for European postgraduate and final year undergraduate students working in road transport research.[117] This was organised in conjunction with the 2008 Transport Research Arena

See also

References

  • CAAST-Net

External links

  • EU Research & Innovation web site
  • OSH Research European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
  • Research and Development projects co-funded by the EU
  • Search Engine of Topics and Projects
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