World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000175333
Reproduction Date:

Title: Soignies  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Casteau, Samo, Paul van Zeeland, Vincent Madelgarius, Écaussinnes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Zinnik (Dutch)
Flag of Soignies
Coat of arms of Soignies
Coat of arms
Soignies is located in Belgium
Location in Belgium
Country Belgium
Community French Community
Region Wallonia
Province Hainaut
Arrondissement Soignies
 • Mayor Marc de Saint Moulin (PS)
 • Governing party/ies PS, MR
 • Total 110.30 km2 (42.59 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 26,502
 • Density 240/km2 (620/sq mi)
Postal codes 7060-7063
Area codes 065/067

Soignies (French pronunciation: ​; Dutch: Zinnik, pronounced ) is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut.

The municipality is composed of the Town of Soignies together with the villages of Casteau, Chaussée-Notre-Dame-Louvignies, Horrues, Neufvilles, Naast and Thieusies. Casteau is known worldwide because SHAPE, the military headquarters of NATO, has been based at the village since 1967.

The name of Soignies comes from the Latin word suniacum, which means "on the Senne". The spring of the Senne is near Soignies. After Soignies, the river passes through Brussels.

Soignies is also well known for its blue limestone (from the Carrières du Hainaut) and its glass industry (Durobor).


  • History 1
    • Saint Vincent 1.1
    • The age of the canons 1.2
    • 1789–present 1.3
  • Sights 2
  • Festivities 3
  • Sport 4
  • People born in Soignies 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


St. Vincent's Collegiate church

Saint Vincent

The history of the region starts in the second half of the 7th century. In the 670s, Madelgaire, a wealthy former governor under King Dagobert I, and his wife Waltrude decided to separate and devote themselves to a religious life. Both of them founded an abbey, Madelgaire in Soignies and Waltrude in neighbouring Mons. Madelgaire took the religious name of Vincent. Like his wife, he was canonized after his death and later became the patron saint of the city that would eventually grow around the monastery. At that time, a large forest covered the whole area, the remnants of which near Brussels are still called the Sonian Forest (French: Forêt de Soignes, Dutch: Zoniënwoud) today. The existence of the abbey of Soignies is mentioned for the first time in the Treaty of Meersen, dated August 8, 870, as one of King Charles the Bald's possessions.

The age of the canons

At the end of the 9th century, a general decline in religious life led to a chapter of powerful canons – who did not take any vow of poverty – taking the place of the monks. These canons would remain in power for eight centuries, until the French Revolution. By the 10th century, the canons started the construction of the church of Saint Vincent (Madelgaire), which was to be completed during the following century in the prevalent Romanesque style of the period. The first known charter by Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut was granted to Soignies in 1142. The fame of the church of Saint Vincent grew in the 13th century, when the bishop of Cambrai granted a 40-day indulgence to every visitor to the church. The city itself grew to urban proportions at around the same time, coinciding with the development of the textile industry and the building of a defensive wall. The first stone quarries mentioned in the archives date from around 1400, but several clues lead to believe that local stone was already quarried much earlier. The cut-stone industry, however, started only around 1700.


On September 1, 1796, the revolutionary council disbanded the local administration by the canons, thereby also dealing a heavy blow to the local economy. In 1812, only 92 people worked in the quarries on a total population of about 4,000 people. The industry, however, rebounded under the Dutch regime, and even more after the Belgian Revolution of 1830. Today, the cut-stone and glass industries are still active. Soignies is also the center of a vibrant service industry, especially in education and health.


  • The collegiate church of St Vincent[2] is one of the earliest specimens of Romanesque churches in Belgium. The choir dates from the beginning of the 11th century while the Gothic west tower dates from around 1250. The cemetery still has tombs of the 13th and 14th century.
  • Near the church stands the Cloth Market (in French Halle aux Draps), dating from the 16th century.


  • The origins of the Processio of Saint Vincent (Madelgaire)[3] are not well known. It is certain, however, that it already took place as early as the 13th century. Today, every Monday of Pentecost, the reliquary of Saint Vincent is carried in a historic procession along a predetermined 11-km-long circuit around town, known as the Grand Tour Saint Vincent.
  • The Saturday preceding the third Sunday of October is the date of the local carnival. The festivities are known as La Simpélourd – from the contraction of two French words meaning simple and heavy – after a cuckold who lived in Soignies more than 200 years ago. This character still takes central stage in the colourful celebration.


Soignies is home to Rugby Union club RC Soignies, winners of the Belgian Cup in 2010.

People born in Soignies


  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2013 (XLS; 607.5 KB)
  2. ^ Ghislain, Jean-Claude (1975). La Collégiale Romane de Soignies (in French). Collection Wallonie, Art et Histoire, Ed. Duculot, cited in [3]. 
  3. ^ Bavay, Gérard (1992). Au fil des chapelles… les chemins du Grand Tour Saint-Vincent de Soignies (in French). cited in [4]. Soignies. pp. 87 p. 

External links

  • Official website (in French)
  • Alternative site, with lots of further information on the city (in French)
  • Soignies, City of St Vincent (in French)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.