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Soria (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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Soria (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

Location of Soria electoral district.

Soria is one of the 52 electoral districts (circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It has the third smallest electorate of all the 52 districts, with only the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla having fewer voters, which resulted in it losing a seat for the 2008 election.

Boundaries and electoral system

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Soria and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

This article is part of a series on the
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Foreign relations

Eligibility

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members

Soria returned three members to the Spanish Congress when it was recreated for the 1977 General Election, a figure that was reduced to two members for the 2008 general election. This was the first time since the restoration of democracy that any province elected just two members, the legal minimum representation for a province.[2]

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[3] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to overrepresent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces like Madrid and Barcelona. Soria has been the main beneficiary of this law. In 2004 for example Spain had 34,571,831 voters giving an average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[4] In Soria however the ratio was 26,177 voters per deputy, the lowest ratio of all 52 districts. In contrast in the two largest provinces, the number of voters per deputy was 129,269 in Barcelona [5] and 127,377 in Madrid.[6]

Summary of seats won 1977-2008

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 3 2 1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
People's Party (PP) 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 1

Seats shown for the People's Party include seats won by their predecessors, the Popular Alliance and the Popular Coalition before 1989.

Vote share summary 1977-2008

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 58.6 57.2 18.7
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 17.9 25.6 35.3 35.8 33.0 36.8 34.3 32.0 38.8 42.6
Independent (Ind) 7.5
People's Party (PP) 6.3 10.0 37.3 42.1 47.9 50.7 55.2 58.5 50.8 49.8
Popular Socialist Party (PSP) 4.8
United Left (IU) 2.0 2.8 1.2 2.6 5.1 5.6 7.9 4.3 2.1 2.2
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 4.7 14.1 9.4 3.7 0.3 1.3 0.1
Soria Development Initiative (IDS) 5.1

Results

Soria produced the same result at every election from 1986 to 2004, with the Partido Popular winning two seats and the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party winning one seat. The reduction in representation which took effect for the 2008 election resulted in the PP losing their second seat.

2008 General Election

 Summary of the 11 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Soria.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats
People's Party (Partido Popular) 27,905 49.80 1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 23,868 42.60 1
United Left 1,253 2.24 0
Union, Progress and Democracy 1,106 1.97 0
Others 929 1.69 0

2004 General Election

 Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Soria.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats
People's Party (Partido Popular) 29,184 50.80 2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 22,287 38.79 1
Soria Development Initiative 2,934 5.11 0
United Left 1,230 2.14 0
Others 566 3.16 0

Source:[7]

External links

  • List of members by year
  • Number of voters by Municipality in 2008

References

  1. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ Soria representation reduced.
  3. ^ General features of Spanish electoral system
  4. ^ 2004 Spanish election
  5. ^ Barcelona 2004 election
  6. ^ Madrid 2004 election
  7. ^ Interior ministry link to election results

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