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Spanish government


Spanish government

Spain is a constitutional monarchy whose government is defined by the Constitution of Spain. This was approved by a general referendum of the people of Spain in 1978. The final interpretation of the Constitution, in the case of dispute, is the business of the Constitutional Court of Spain.

There are three main institutions known as the Cortes Generales, which are legally independent:

  • The general assembly of representatives whose controlling faction forms an executive government and proposes legislative changes
  • The assembly of senators consider the wider implications and compatibility of proposed legislation
  • The judicial branch composed of a hierarchy of law courts which ensure that any proposed or imposed executive enforcement complies with Spanish and European law

Head of State

  • The Monarchy of Spain holds the constitutional head of state, which has no executive role, other than appointing officials, requiring reports of official activities and representing Spain at formal and ceremonial occasions. The king is also the commander in chief of the Spanish Armed Forces in which capacity he suppressed the 23-F Spanish coup d'état attempt in February 1981.
    • The King Juan Carlos I has held this position since November 22, 1975. This is a hereditary post, and the 1978 Constitution of Spain is open to both male and female heirs, daughters of a monarch, however, can inherit only if the monarch has no sons. A proposal to change the constitution to give equal rights to males and females to inherit the throne has not been decided on yet.
    • The Heir apparent is Prince Felipe, Prince of Asturias, and some duties of state have been devolved to him
    • The Military Chief of Staff (Jefe de Estado mayor) is General Admiral Fernando García Sánchez

Heads of Government

  • President of the Government, sometimes misleadingly called "the Spanish President", is the first minister and is elected by the Congress of Deputies. The current holder is Mariano Rajoy Brey, who was elected on December 21, 2011. He appoints a number of vice-presidents ordered numerically according to rank and responsible for their respective major ministries such as Finance, Foreign affairs, Domestic administration, etc.
    • Minister for the Presidency and Vice President: María Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría Antón, appointed on December 21, 2011
  • Cabinet
    • Council of Ministers (Spanish Consejo de Ministros) is designated by the president.

Current government

The following is the list of members of the Cabinet of Spain formed after the 2011 general election.

Government of Spain (10th Legislature)[1]
Portfolio Minister
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy Brey
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister for the Presidency
Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría Antón
Minister of Economic Affairs and Competitiveness Luis de Guindos Jurado
Minister of the Treasury and Public Administrations Cristóbal Montoro Romero
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation José García-Margallo y Marfil
Minister of Justice Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez
Minister of Defence Pedro Morenés Eulate
Minister of the Interior Jorge Fernández Díaz
Minister of Public Works Ana Pastor Julián
Minister of Education, Culture and Sport José Ignacio Wert Ortega
Minister of Employment and Social Security Fátima Báñez García
Minister of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Affairs Miguel Arias Cañete
Minister of Industry, Energy and Tourism José Manuel Soria López
Minister of Health, Social Services and Equality Ana Mato Adrover

This is the official logo of the Government of Spain: In the left the European and Spanish flags, in the center the coat of arms of Spain and written in black – Gobierno de España (in English: Government of Spain) – and in the right side the building that represents the official house of the Prime Minister of Spain, La Moncloa and where press conferences are given and the Council of Ministers meets. Below it is an instance of a variating use, combined for the purposes of the Ministry of Finance.


  • (Spanish) Spanish cabinets from 1931 to 2004

External links

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