Srednekolymsky

Srednekolymsky District
Среднеколымский улус (Russian)
Орто Халыма улууhа (Sakha)

Location of Srednekolymsky District in the Sakha Republic

Coordinates: 67°27′N 153°42′E / 67.450°N 153.700°E / 67.450; 153.700Coordinates: 67°27′N 153°42′E / 67.450°N 153.700°E / 67.450; 153.700

Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2009)
Administrative center town of Srednekolymsk[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Towns under district jurisdiction 1
Rural okrugs 9
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 14
Municipal structure (as of December 2008)
Municipally incorporated as Srednekolymsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 9
Statistics
Area (June 2009) 125,200 km2 (48,300 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 7,897 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 44.6%
- Rural 55.4%
Density 0.06 /km2 (0.16 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MAGT (UTC+12:00)[7]
Established May 25, 1930[8]

Srednekolymsky District (Russian: Среднеколы́мский улу́с; Sakha: Орто Халыма улууһа) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the northe of the republic and borders with Verkhnekolymsky District in the south, Abyysky District in the west, Allaikhovsky District in the northwest, Nizhnekolymsky District in the north, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in the east, and with Magadan Oblast in the southeast. The area of the district is 125,200 square kilometers (48,300 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the town of Srednekolymsk.[2] Population: 8,353 (2002 Census);[9] 9,441 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Srednekolymsk accounts for 44.6% of the district's totalpopulation.[5]

Geography

The landscape of the district is mostly flat. The main rivers in the district include the Kolyma and the Alazeya. There are many lakes, the largest of which are Lakes Pavylon and Balyma.

Climate

Average January temperature is −38 °C (−36 °F) and average July temperature is +12 °C (54 °F).[8] Annual precipitation ranges from 150–200 millimeters (5.9–7.9 in) in the north to 250–300 millimeters (9.8–11.8 in) in the east.[8]

History

The district was established on May 25, 1930.[8]

Demographics

From 1989 to 2007, the population of the district declined by almost 16%. A bulk of population are Yakuts (about 81%); other ethnicities include Russians (12%), Evens (4%), and Evenks (3%).

Economy

The economy of the district is mostly based on agriculture.[8] There are deposits of construction materials.

References

Notes

Sources

  • Верховный Совет Республики Саха (Якутия). 4 апреля 1992 г. «Конституция (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Конституционного закона №1077-З №1035-IV от 8 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)». Опубликован: "Якутские ведомости", №7, 26 апреля 1992 г. (Supreme Council of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. April 4, 1992 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Constitutional Law #1077-Z No. 1035-IV of June 8, 2012 On Amending and Supplementing the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ).

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