World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Stanisławów Voivodeship

 

Stanisławów Voivodeship

Stanisławów Voivodeship
Województwo stanisławowskie
Voivodeship of Poland

1920–1939

Coat of arms of Stanisławów

Coat of arms

Location of Stanisławów
Location of Stanisławów Voivodeship (red)
within the Second Republic of Poland (1938).
Capital Stanisławów
Government Voivodeship
Voivode
 •  1921–1925 (first) Edmund Jurystowski
 •  Jan–Sep 1939 (last) Stanisław Jarecki
History
 •  Established 23 December 1920
 •  Soviet invasion 17 September 1939
Area
 •  1921 18,368 km2 (7,092 sq mi)
 •  1939 16,894 km2 (6,523 sq mi)
Population
 •  1921 1,348,580 
Density 73.4 /km2  (190.2 /sq mi)
 •  1931 1,480,300 
Political subdivisions 15 powiats

Stanisławów Voivodeship (Polish: Województwo stanisławowskie) was an administrative district of the interwar Poland (1920–1939). It was established in December 1920 with an administrative center in Stanisławów. The voivodeship had an area of 16,900 km² and comprised twelve counties (powiaty). Following World War II, at the insistence of Joseph Stalin during Tehran Conference of 1943, Poland's borders were redrawn, Polish population forcibly resettled and Stanisławów Voivodeship was incorporated into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Since 1991, most part of it belongs to Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast of sovereign Ukraine.

Contents

  • September 1939 and its aftermath 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Geography 3
  • Administrative subdivisions 4
  • Railroads and industry 5
  • Voivodes 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

September 1939 and its aftermath

Following Romanian Bridgehead), with Polish Army units planned to stand ground until the spring of 1940 when French attack on Germany was expected. However, the Soviet invasion of Poland rendered these plans ineffectual. It is estimated that prior to Soviet counter-offensive in the later part of World War II, over 18,000 Polish civilians in Stanisławów Voivodeship fell victims to OUN-UPA pacification actions.[1][2]

Demographics

The Voivodeship's capital was Stanisławów (now Ivano-Frankivsk in Ukraine). In 1921 was inhabited by 1,339,191 people, and its population density was 72.9 persons per km². Ukrainians and Ruthenians constituted 68% of the population, especially in the countryside. Poles, distributed across the entire Voivodeship, made around 23%, Polish Jews (mainly in towns) - around 7%. Also, there were smaller communities of Galician Germans. In 1931 the population grew to 1,480,300 (mainly among Polish settlers) and the density - to 88 persons per km2.

Geography

Administrative divisions, 1938

The Stanisławów Voivodeship's area was 16,894 square kilometers. It was located in south-eastern corner of the country, bordering Gorgany.

The main river was the Dniestr, which also marked border with the Tarnopol Voivodeship. Other rivers were: the Prut, the Stryj and the Czeremosz (the last one was at the same time bordering Poland from Romania).

Administrative subdivisions

Map of Stanisławów Voivodeship with Counties

Before the onset of World War II the Stanisławów Voivodeship consisted of 15 powiats (counties) (earlier 12), 29 towns, 904 villages and numerous smaller communities (futory, kolonie). Those were the same 12 powiats that were part of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria with the addition of Turka powiat later on. Its capital Stanisławów was the largest city, with population of some 60,000 (as of 1931). Other important municipal centers of the voivodeship were: Kołomyja (pop. 33,800), Stryj (pop. 30,500), Horodenka (pop. 12,200), Kalusz (pop. 12,100), Sniatyn (pop. 10,800) and Bolechow (pop. 10,700).

The Stanisławów Voivodeship consisted of 12 powiats (counties)

  1. Dolina Powiat (2397 km²)
  2. Horodenka Powiat (849 km²)
  3. Kałusz Powiat (1137 km²)
  4. Kołomyja Powiat (1339 km²), joined with Peczeniyn Powiat
  5. Kosów Powiat (1839 km²)
  6. Nadwórna Powiat (2472 km²)
  7. Rohatyn Powiat (1147 km²)
  8. Stanisławów Powiat (1249 km²), joined with Bohorodczan Powiat
  9. Stryj Powiat (2081 km²), joined with Skolski Powiat
  10. Śniatyń Powiat (567 km²)
  11. Tłumacz Powiat (934 km²)
  12. Żydaczów Powiat (883 km²)

Railroads and industry

The Stanisławów Voivodeship was located in the so-called Poland "B" region, which meant that it was underdeveloped, with low level of industry and considerable numbers of inhabitants living in poverty. Agricultural production was low due to poor quality of soil. Since mid-1930s, the area was quickly gaining popularity as a tourist destination, with numbers of visitors to mountain springs rising steadily year by year. Railroad network was well-developed in the north, with such important junctions as Stanisławów, Kołomyja and Stryj. In the south, however, rail connections were lacking.

On January 1, 1938, total length of railroads within Voivodeship's boundaries was 755 kilometers (4.5 km. per 100 km²).

Voivodes

The local government of voivodeship and city was located at address Ulica Karpinskiego, 7 (today - 2 Halych Street).

  • Edmund Jurystowski: 21 October 1921 – 18 August 1925
  • Aleksander Des Loges: 18 August 1925 – 25 October 1926
  • Władysław Korsak: 18 December 1926 – 12 September 1927
  • Aleksander Morawski: 28 October 1927 – 30 October 1928
  • Bronisław Nakoniecznikow-Klukowski: 30 October 1928 – 29 August 1930
  • Zygmunt Jagodziński: 3 September 1930 – 1 February 1936 (acting till 2 February 1931)
  • Mieczysław Starzyński: 11 February 1936 – 22 June 1936 (acting )
  • Jan Sawicki: 23 June 1936 – July 1936
  • Stefan Pasławski: 14 July 1936 – 20 January 1939
  • Stanisław Jarecki: 20 January 1939 – 2 September 1939

See also

References

  1. ^ Władysław Siemaszko, Ewa Siemaszko, Ludobójstwo dokonane przez nacjonalistów ukraińskich na ludności polskiej Wołynia 1939–1945, vol. 1–2, Warsaw, 2000; pp. 1056–1057.
  2. ^ Szczepan Siekierka, H. Komański, E. Różański, Ludobójstwo dokonane przez nacjonalistów ukraińskich na Polakach w województwie stanisławowskim w latach 1939–1946, Wrocław, 2007, op. cit., s. 36, 118, 169, 258, 292, 354, 419, 508, 591, 650, 716, 769.
  • Maly rocznik statystyczny 1939, Nakladem Glownego Urzedu Statystycznego, Warszawa 1939 (Concise Statistical Year-Book of Poland, Warsaw 1939).

External links

  • kresy.co.uk - More on history
  • Genealogy of Halychyna/Eastern Galicia - 1931 Polish census
  • Stanislawow - Kresy - Polish site on Stanislawow
  • JewishGen Stanislawow ShtetLink - Jewish genealogy
  • Jewish History in Galicia and Bukovina: Stanislawow (Ivano-Frankivsk) Region

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.