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Stockland Hill transmitting station

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Stockland Hill transmitting station

Stockland Hill
250px


ITV Westcountry

The Stockland Hill transmitting station is a transmitting facility of FM Radio and UHF television located near Honiton, Devon, England. This transmitter mainly serves the East of Devon and West Dorset.

It was constructed in 1961 by the IBA to transmit ITV 405-line television with transmissions commencing on Band III channel 9 from antennas at 450 m (1,475 ft) above sea level.

Colour television came to the site in 1971.[1] Channel Four started up in November 1982. Stockland Hill never radiated the analogue Channel Five service.

Digital television was first introduced at this site in 1998, and Digital Switchover happened in May 2009. Stockland Hill was the second transmitter in the south west of England to have its analogue television transmissions shut off. BBC Two was switched off on 6 May 2009 and the rest of the analogue services were switched off on 20 May 2009 around after midnight.

Stockland Hill currently transmits all of the DTT multiplexes at full planned ERP. The three PSB multiplexes are at 50 kW, the other three multiplexes are at 25 kW.[2]

Services

Analogue television

29 April 1961 - 13 September 1971

405-line VHF ITV television arrived in the southwest with the simultaneous building of this station and Caradon Hill 100 km to the west in Cornwall.

Frequency VHF kW Service
9V 100 Westward Television

13 September 1971 - 1 November 1982

UHF colour television commenced.

Frequency VHF UHF kW Service
9V 100 Westward Television/TSW
23 250 Westward Television/TSW
26 250 BBC Two
33 250 BBC One

1 November 1982 - 3 January 1985

The UK's fourth UHF television channel started up.

Frequency VHF UHF kW Service
9V 100 TSW
23 250 TSW
26 250 BBC Two
29 250 Channel 4
33 250 BBC One

3 January 1985 - 15 November 1998

The VHF 405-line system was discontinued across the UK, and from that point for the next 23 years, television from Stockland Hill was the originally-intended four channels on UHF only.

Frequency UHF kW Service
23 250 ITV1
26 250 BBC Two
29 250 Channel 4
33 250 BBC One

Analogue and Digital television

15 November 1998 - 6 May 2009

The initial roll-out of digital television involved running the digital services interleaved (and at low ERP) with the existing analogue services.

Frequency UHF kW Service System
22- 5 BBC (Mux 1) DVB-T
23 250 ITV1 PAL
25- 5 SDN (Mux A) DVB-T
26 250 BBC Two PAL
28- 5 Digital 3&4 (Mux 2) DVB-T
29 250 Channel 4 PAL
30+ 2.5 Arqiva (Mux C) DVB-T
32- 5 BBC (Mux B) DVB-T
33 250 BBC One PAL
34+ 2.5 Arqiva (Mux D) DVB-T

6 May 2009 - 20 May 2009

Digital Switchover commenced at Stockland Hill, with analogue BBC Two being switched off on channel 26 and BBC Mux 1 being switched off on channel 22-. Channel 26 was reused by the new BBC A multiplex at full post-DSO power (50 kW) and using 64-QAM with 8k carriers.

Frequency UHF kW Service System
23 250 ITV1 PAL
25- 5 SDN (Mux A) DVB-T
26+ 50 BBC A DVB-T
28- 5 Digital 3&4 (Mux 2) DVB-T
29 250 Channel 4 PAL
30+ 2.5 Arqiva (Mux C) DVB-T
32- 5 BBC (Mux B) DVB-T
33 250 BBC One PAL
34+ 2.5 Arqiva (Mux D) DVB-T

Digital television

20 May 2009 - 18 April 2012

Digital switchover was completed at Stockland Hill. All analogue television was switched off and the new post-DSO multiplexes took over the analogue frequencies plus a few new ones. Full power could not immediately be achieved for the COM multiplexes due to interference issues at Rowridge and in France.[3][4]

Frequency UHF kW Operator System
22- 10 Arqiva A DVB-T
23+ 50 Digital 3&4 DVB-T
25- 10 SDN DVB-T
26+ 50 BBC A DVB-T
28- 10 Arqiva B DVB-T
29+ 50 BBC B DVB-T2

18 April 2012 - present

The current UHF channels that Stockland Hill is transmitting are:

Frequency UHF kW[5] Operator System
22- 25 Arqiva A DVB-T
23+ 50 Digital 3&4 DVB-T
25- 25 SDN DVB-T
26+ 50 BBC A DVB-T
28- 25 Arqiva B DVB-T
29+ 50 BBC B DVB-T2

Analogue radio (FM)

Frequency kW Service
103.0 MHz 1 Heart South West

Digital radio (DAB)

Frequency Block kW[6] Operator
221.352 MHz 11C 0.5 NOW Exeter and Torbay
222.064 MHz 11D 2 Digital One
225.648 MHz 12B 5 BBC National DAB

References

External links

  • MB21's page on 405 TV to the Southwest
  • 405 Alive's list of transmitters"
  • More details on 405-line ITV transmitters
  • The Transmission Gallery: Photographs and Information
  • Stockland Hill Transmitter at thebigtower.com

Coordinates: 50°48′26″N 3°6′18″W / 50.80722°N 3.10500°W / 50.80722; -3.10500

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