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Title: Sturmhauptführer  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Uniforms and insignia of the Schutzstaffel, Karl Wolff, List of SS personnel, Runic insignia of the Schutzstaffel, Uniforms and insignia of the Sturmabteilung
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Sturmhauptführer was a Nazi Party paramilitary rank used by both the Sturmabteilung (SA) and the SS. It was the equivalent of a Hauptmann in the German army.[1] This is the equivalent of captain (O-3) in western militaries.[2]

The rank was first created in 1928 as an lieutenant or captain.

As an SS rank, Sturmhauptführer was established in 1930 as a senior rank to that of Sturmführer.[1] Sturmhauptführer was initially considered as more of a senior lieutenant, but after 1932 the rank was rated above that of Obersturmführer and became the equivalent of a captain.[2] The insignia for the rank was also modified to denote the higher status.

In 1934, after the Night of the Long Knives, the SS changed the name of Sturmhauptführer to Hauptsturmführer.[1] This was due in large part to separate the SS rank system

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