World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sub-district III of Wola (of Armia Krajowa)

Article Id: WHEBN0015293622
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sub-district III of Wola (of Armia Krajowa)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Warsaw Uprising, Wola, List of military units in the Warsaw Uprising, Home Army, Zofia Romanowiczowa
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Sub-district III of Wola (of Armia Krajowa)

The Sub-district III of Wola (of Armia Krajowa) (Polish: Obwód III Wola) – a territorial organisational unit of the District of Warsaw of Armia Krajowa, acting during the German occupation of Poland. Military units of the district took part in the Warsaw Uprising. During the house-to-house fighting, Nazi troops from the S.S. Sturmbrigade R.O.N.A. and the SS-Dirlewanger Brigade committed the Wola Massacre killing between 40,000 to 50,000 Polish civilians.

The chief of the sub-district was lieutenant-colonel Jan Tarnowski pseudonym "Waligóra". Under his command the sub-district's military units fought in Wola from 1 until 6 August 1944, when prevailing German units forced them to withdraw to Old Town, Śródmieście and to Kampinos Forest.


The Sub-district of Wola included:

Course of combat

The place of concentration of the Region I on 1 August was Górce-Blizne. Units could not take weapon stored in the area of Ulrich gardens, because one day earlier German tanks had arrived there. Soldiers passed through to the Kampinos Forest, received weapon there and were included into the Kampinos Group. In the attack from Żoliborz to the Warsaw Gdańsk Station the units suffered losses up to 80% of their number. Those who survived, were included into the Żaglowiec Grouping and continued to fight until the moment of the capitulation of Żoliborz on 30 September 1944.

In the Region II, the 1st company of second lieutenant "Jaśmin" was assigned the task to seize the petroleum factory in Koło. The attack was recalled because engineer units failed to destroy the wall fence. After retreat from the area of the streets: Obozowa/Wawryszewska/Świętego Stanisława and upon a reconnaissance of the situation, the company was assigned the task to erect and to man the barricades in the intersections of streets: Obozowa / Młynarska, Górczewska / Działdowska and Wolska / Działdowska.

In the night from 3 to 4 August part of the soldiers were sent in the area of the Jewish cemetery to receive air drops. In the afternoon on 5 August the unit withdrew to Gibalskiego street. On 6 August the company moved to the Old Town and took a section of Brzozowa street from Kamienne Schodki up to Mostowa street. It was undertaken an unsuccessful and hard-fought attack on the Warsaw Gdańsk Station. After working its way to Śródmieście the company defended a section of Widok street as well as a barricade on the crossing of Bracka / Aleje Jerozolimskie streets.

The 2nd company of second lieutenant "Gromada" ought to have seized a school building in Górczewska street. Because of heavy fire of the enemy it was forced to withdraw to the area of Wawrzyszewska / Obozowa streets crossing, where it manned a defensive positions extending up to Ostroroga street. On 4 August the unit withdrew to the area of Protestant cemetery; on 5 August to Kercelak and then it moved to the Old Town. The unit took part in fights in Stawki and in the attack on the Warsaw Gdańsk Station. Having retreated to Śródmieście it defended Książęca street.

Crosses to commemorate the fallen of the 3rd company of sec. lieutenant "Ostoja"

The 3rd company of Sec. Lieutenant "Ostoja" was assigned the task to bar the road to Warsaw from the direction of Ulrichów against Germans. The platoon commanded by sec. lieutenant Franciszek Potocki pseudonym "Laos" set about executing the task. The enemy had manned a viaduct and mastered the neighbourhood by conducting fire from guard towers placed along the railway line. The attack collapsed. There were many wounded and 15 killed. The platoon of officer cadet Marian Lewandowski pseudonym "Ryś", armed with hand-grenades only, seized the caserns in a school in Gostyńska street and manned barricades in Górczewska / Płocka streets crossing and at the hospital in Płocka street. In the course of heavy fight an enemy tank was destroyed and many pieces of weapon were seized. On 4 August the unit withdrew to Górczewska / Działdowska street crossing, and then to Grzybowska and Mariańska streets, where insurgents who were withdrawing from Wola, were gathering. The Wola units were organised into the Józef Sowiński Bataillon, which fought in streets of Komitetowa, Pańska, Ceglana / Żelazna crossing, Grzybowska, on the area of the Norblin Factory and the Haberbusch Brewery. The assigned area was kept on until the end of the Warsaw Uprising.

Units of the Region III after short fight in Karolkowa and Dworska streets withdrew to Śródmieście and to the Old Town, where they took part in fights conducted by various units until the end of the uprising.

See also


  • Struktura Organizacyjna Armii Krajowej, Marek Ney-Krwawicz w: Mówią wieki nr 9/1986.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.