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Sulkovian dialect

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Sulkovian dialect

The Sulkovian dialect (Silesian: sulkowski djalekt; Polish: dialekt sułkowski) is one of the Silesian dialects, extracted by Feliks Steuer in his work Dialekt sułkowski (1934).[1][2] It is a part of the Silesian-Lach border dialects; its name derives from Steuer's native town - Sulków.

The works Ostatni gwojźdźaurz and Z naszej źymjy ślůnskej were written in this dialect.[1]

The characteristic features of Sulkovian phonology are:

  • the evolution of former long a into au, pronounced ;
  • keeping of hard k and g in the combinations ky and gy, e.g. okynka (windows), pługy (ploughs);
  • so-called "anticipation of softness" - adding the consonant j, e.g. kujźńa (smithy);
  • the evolution of nasal vowel at the end of a word into am, e.g. cebulam (onion, the accusative case).[3]

Example

Gwojźdźaurz mau wjelkům familijam. Ćynżko mu je wszyckich ućůngnuć. Ale robi dźyń i noc, ażby dźeći mjały co jejść, co se oblyc i czim zostać. We wszyckim půmaugau mu baba. To je dobrau baba. Kaj chłop być ńy może, tam je ůna. W leće stauwau rano o jednej a leći na trauwam. Tam daleko za huczńicam. Jak przychodźi du dům, warzi na blasze. Dauwau świńům, gańśům, kurům a odbywau krowy. Po śńaudańu idźe na poly. Krůtko przed połejdńym zajś je důma. Mujśi warzyć objaud a gotować lau bydła.
—Feliks Steuer, Ostatńi gwojźdźaurz

References

  1. ^ a b http://slunskoeka.pyrsk.com/gysichta.html#33.
  2. ^ http://zso1.eu/?p=historia/dyrektorzy#fs
  3. ^ http://www.slunskoeka.pyrsk.com/gawyndy.html#4.
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