World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Svans

 

Svans

Svans
Svan: შვანარ shvanar
svaniსვანი
Total population
c. 14,000[1]–30,000[2]
Regions with significant populations
 Georgia 14,000[1]–30,000[2]
 Russia 45 (2010)[3]
Languages
Georgian
Religion
Predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christianity
(Georgian Orthodox Church)
Part of a series on
Georgians
ქართველები
The
Kartvelian
people
Nation
Georgia
Ancient Kartvelian people
Subgroups
Culture
  • Music
  • Media
  • Sport
  • Calligraphy
  • Cinema
  • Cuisine
  • Dances
  • Costume
  • Calendar
  • Architecture
  • Mythology
Languages
  • Writing system
  • Dialects
  • Grammar
Religion
  • Georgian Orthodox Church
  • Christianity
  • Catholicism
  • Islam
  • Judaism
Symbols
History of Georgia

The Svans (Kartvelian (South Caucasian) language family. In the pre-1930 Soviet census, the Svans were afforded their own "ethnic group" (natsional'nost) category.[13] The self-designation of the Svan is Mushüan, which is probably reflected in the ethnonym Misimian of the Classical authors.[14]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Language 2
  • Culture 3
  • Famous Svans 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

Distribution of the Svan language in relation to other Kartvelian (South Caucasian) languages.
Svan with dagger and long smoking pipe. Mestia (~1888–1900)

The Svans are usually identified with the Sanni mentioned by Greek geographer Strabo, who placed them more or less in the area still occupied by the modern-day Svans.

In the Russian Empire and early Soviet Union blood revenge (although this tradition has been declining over time, as law enforcement takes hold). Their families are small, and the husband is the head of his family. The Svan strongly respect the older women in families.

Language

Typically bilingual, they use both Svan language. However, Svan is being largely replaced by Georgian, which is the language of culture and education in Georgia.

Culture

Svan culture survives most wonderfully in its songs and round dances. Svaneti boasts archaic three part polyphony, known as chordal unit polyphony, with strong dissonant harmonies. Traditional Svan poetry is still not separated from song and has no rhymed poetry. Svans are skillful artists and as Svaneti was widely regarded as the most inaccessible region of Georgia, many items of medieval Georgian state treasury (including the rare manuscripts of the bible) are still stored in Svaneti.

Famous Svans

References

  1. ^ a b Joshuaproject. Svanetian, Mushwan
  2. ^ a b prachen, Documentation of Endangered Languages)Sdrohter Bekumentation DoDoBeS (
  3. ^ Russian census 2010
  4. ^ Stephen F. Jones. Svans. World Culture Encyclopedia. Retrieved on March 13, 2011: «The Svans are one of the dozen or so traditionally recognized ethnic subgroups within the Georgian (Kartvelian) nation.»
  5. ^ The Svans Kevin Tuite Université de Montréal 1992: «The Svans are one of the dozen or so traditionally recognized ethnic subgroups within the Georgian (Kartvelian) nation.»
  6. ^ Britannica. Caucasian peoples: «The Caucasian peoples ... The southerners, comprising the Georgians, the closely related Mingrelians and Laz, and the Svan, make up the Republic of Georgia and live in western Transcaucasia (the Laz live in Turkish territory).»
  7. ^ R. Wixman. The Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook (p.181): «Svan ... The Svanetians are one of the Kartvelian peoples of the Georgian SSR»
  8. ^ Levinson, David. Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1998. p 35
  9. ^ Joshuaproject: Svanetian, Mushwan of Georgia
  10. ^ D.N. Ushakov's Dictionary
  11. ^ Modern Dictionary of Russian language. Efremova T.F. 2000
  12. ^ Ethnologue. Language Family Trees-Svan
  13. ^ National population census ZSFSR 1926
  14. ^ History of Georgian Mountein Regions / R. Topchishvili. Available at The National Parliamentary Library of Georgia

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.