World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Svatopluk, Duke of Bohemia

Article Id: WHEBN0003347566
Reproduction Date:

Title: Svatopluk, Duke of Bohemia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Vladislaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Battle of Głogów, 1109 deaths, Soběslav I, Duke of Bohemia, Dukes of Bohemia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Svatopluk, Duke of Bohemia

Svatopluk of Olomouc
Duke of Bohemia
Image of Svatopluk from fresco in Znojmo
Duke of Bohemia
Reign 1107 – 21 September 1109
Predecessor Bořivoj II
Successor Vladislaus I
Born c. 1075
Died September 21, 1109(1109-09-21)
Głogów, Kingdom of Poland
Burial Saint Wenceslas Cathedral, Olomouc
Spouse ?
Issue Wenceslaus Henry of Olomouc
House Přemyslid dynasty
Father Otto I of Olomouc
Mother Euphemia of Hungary
Religion Roman Catholicism

Svatopluk the Lion (Czech: Svatopluk Olomoucký; died 21 September 1109) was Duke of Bohemia from 1107 to his assassination. His rule was overshadowed by the fierce conflict around the Bohemian throne in the 12th century.


He was a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, the son of Prince Otto I of Olomouc and Euphemia, daughter of King Béla I of Hungary. As his father was the youngest son of Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia, the Bohemian ducal dignity upon Bretislaus' death in 1055 at first had passed to the eldest son, Svatopluk's uncle Spytihněv II, and upon Spytihněv's early death in 1061 according to the patrilineal principle of agnatic seniority to Bretislaus' second son Vratislaus II.

Vratislaus, who had received the title of a Bohemian king by order of Emperor Henry IV in 1086, elevated Svatopluk's father Otto to a Prince at Olomouc in Moravia. However, when his father died the next year, young Savatopluk had to yield the inheritance claims raised by Bretislaus' third son, his uncle Conrad I, who took over the rule in the Moravian lands.


Baroque tombstone of Svatopluk and his son Wenceslaus Henry in Saint Wenceslas Cathedral, Olomouc, Czech Republic

Svatopluk himself received the title Prince of Olomouc in 1091, but again had to wait to finally ascend the Bohemian throne, as according to agnatic seniority upon Duke Conrad's death after eight months of rule, he was succeeded by Bretislaus II, the son of late King Vratislaus. Nevertheless the enmity with the Moravian branch of the Přemyslid increased, moreover when Duke Bretislaus II appointed his half-brother Bořivoj II ruler of the Moravian lands and made an application to Emperor Henry IV to acknowledge Bořivoj's succession as Bohemian duke, thus precipitating a civil war with the sons of his uncle Conrad I. In 1099 he prevailed, when the Emperor had an Imperial charter wrote out, and after his death in 1100, Bořivoj took power.

Emperor Henry IV had to face the fact, that his intervention had led to a status of anarchy in Bohemia. When he himself was deposed by his son King Henry V of Germany, Svatopluk took the chance, marched against Duke Bořivoj, and with the support of Bořivoj's younger brother Vladislaus was able to oust him after two years of fighting and intriguing. Henry V summoned Svatopluk, who dared not resist, and retained him captive in order to restore his liensman Bořivoj. Soon however, he became reconciled to Svatopluk, who pledged allegiance and promised military support in the German king's campaign against King Coloman of Hungary. Savatopluk was released and could return to Bohemia. He made the king godfather of his new son, who was baptised Wenceslaus Henry (Václav Jindřich).

In 1108, Henry V intervened in Hungary on behalf of King Coloman's younger brother Duke Álmos of Nitra. Keeping his promise, Duke Svatopluk at first joined his expedition, but had to return to

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.