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Tarragona (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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Title: Tarragona (Spanish Congress Electoral District)  
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Subject: Spanish general election, 2008, Spanish general election, 2011, Province of Tarragona, Spanish general election, 2015, Spanish general election, 1979
Collection: Electoral Districts of the Congress of Deputies (Spain), Province of Tarragona
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Tarragona (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

Location of Tarragona electoral district in Spain

Tarragona is one of the 52 electoral districts (Spanish: circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It is one of four electoral districts which correspond to the provinces of Catalonia. Tarragona and Reus are the largest municipalities.

Contents

  • Boundaries and electoral system 1
  • Eligibility 2
  • Number of members 3
  • Summary of seats won 1977–2011 4
    • Vote share summary 1977-2011 4.1
  • Results 5
    • 2008 General Election 5.1
    • 2004 General Election 5.2
    • 2000 General Election 5.3
  • External links 6
  • References 7

Boundaries and electoral system

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Tarragona and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% of the total vote (which includes votes "en blanco" i.e. for none of the above) can be considered. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Spain

Eligibility

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members

From the 1977 onwards Tarragona returned five members. This figure was increased to six members for the 1993 election and it has remained at that figure since then.

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[2] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to overrepresent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces. In 2004 for example Spain had 34,571,831 voters giving an average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[3] In Tarragona however the number of voters per deputy was only 86,098.[4]

Summary of seats won 1977–2011

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 2 2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSC-PSOE) 1 2 3 2 2 3 3 2 3 4 2
Convergence and Union (CiU) 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 2
Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (PSUC-PCE) 1 1
People's Party (PP) 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 1

Note: Seats shown for the PP include seats won by their predecessors, the Popular Alliance and the Popular Coalition in 1982 and 1986.

PSOE has contested elections under the label Socialist Party of Catalonia (Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya).

Seats shown for Convergence and Union include seats won in the 1977 election under the label Democratic Pact for Catalonia (Pacte Democràtic per Catalunya)

Republican Left of Catalonia contested the 1977 election as part of an electoral alliance called Catalan Left - Electoral Democratic Front (Esquerra de Catalunya-Front Electoral Democràtic) as openly republican parties were unable to contest the 1977 elections.[5]

Democratic Centre Union fought the 1979 election as part of an alliance called Catalan Centrists (Centristes de Catalunya.)

Vote share summary 1977-2011

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 27.3 28.2 4.4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSC-PSOE) 23.7 28.8 42.1 37.9 34.2 33.1 38.1 32.4 35.5 44.9 26.1
United Left (PSUC/IU) 16.4 14.2 4.6 3.9 5.3 5.1 5.0 1.4 3.8 3.0 5.4
Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV) 2.1
Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC) 14.7
Convergence and Union (CiU) 14.0 20.8 31.8 34.1 32.1 30.8 31.1 21.6 21.1 30.5
Democratic Union of Catalonia (UDC) 5.6
People's Party (PP) 6.0 4.0 17.8 15.7 13.1 19.8 20.1 24.3 17.0 17.8 23.6
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 4.3 4.6 4.0 2.6 3.1 6.6 4.9 6.1 19.8 9.4 7.4
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 2.4 4.1 4.0 0.7 0.1 0.1

Results

2008 General Election

 Summary of the 11 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Tarragona.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Socialists' Party of Catalonia/Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 169,246 44.92 4 Francesc Vallés Vives, Joan Ruiz Carbonell, Maria Lluïsa Lizarraga Gisbert, Anton Ferré Fons
Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió) 79,601 21.13 1 Jordi Jané i Guasch
People's Party (Partido Popular) 66,945 17.77 1 Francesc Ricomá de Castellarnau
Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya) 35,433 9.40 0
Initiative for Catalonia Greens-United and Alternative Left 11,448 3.04 0
Others 8,972 2.30 0

2004 General Election

The 2004 election saw Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) more than triple their vote to gain a seat from CiU. PSOE regained the seat that they had lost to the PP in 2000. The latter election was the only election to date when the PP managed to win more than one seat here in what is one of their weakest areas. PP's voteshare of 17% was one of their worst in the entire election, with only the other three Catalan provinces and Guipúzcoa producing worse vote shares for them.

 Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Tarragona.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Socialists' Party of Catalonia/Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 136,660 35.5 3
Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió) 82,954 21.5 1
Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya) 76,330 19.8 1
People's Party (Partido Popular) 65,528 17.0 1
Initiative for Catalonia Greens-United and Alternative Left 14,694 3.8 0
Others 5,449 1.4 0

Source:[6]

2000 General Election

 Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Tarragona.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Socialists' Party of Catalonia/Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 101,817 32.4 2
Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió) 97,616 31.1 2
People's Party (Partido Popular) 76,468 24.3 2
Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya) 19,277 6.1 0
Initiative for Catalonia Greens 6,585 2.1 0
United and Alternative Left 4,405 1.4 0
Others 3,850 1.2 0

External links

  • List of members by year
  • Number of voters by Municipality

References

  1. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ General features of Spanish electoral system
  3. ^ 2004 Spanish election
  4. ^ 2004 Tarragona election
  5. ^ http://www.esquerra.cat/web_nova/arxius/Hangles.pdf
  6. ^ Interior ministry link to election results

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