World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

The Pipeline

Article Id: WHEBN0022093283
Reproduction Date:

Title: The Pipeline  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pipeline, James Gleick, Breakaway music, Perfect Sound Forever (magazine), Infinitheatre
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

The Pipeline

For the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, see Trans-Alaska Pipeline System.

The Pipeline was one of the earliest American Internet service providers. It was founded in December 1993 in New York City by the science and technology writer James Gleick and computer programmer Uday Ivatury,[1][2] who had met at the Manhattan Bridge Club and shared an interest in online bridge.[3][4] Both men believed that a graphical user interface would make the Internet more widely accessible than the command-line Unix commands that were then generally necessary.[2]

When the Pipeline was established, the major online services of the day—America Online, CompuServe, and Prodigy—provided their users with no access or very limited access to the internet.[4][5] Many users welcomed Pipeline as "AOL for the Internet". The software was distributed in the then-popular Book + CD format.

The Pipeline was noted for its point-and-click user interface, which made e-mail, chat, Usenet, the World Wide Web, FTP, and other Internet features easily accessible to users.[1] Gleick and Ivatury licensed the Pipeline software through InterCon Systems Corporation to more than 15 other Internet service providers, including Ireland On-Line and Caltech.[2][3][4]

The Pipeline was purchased in February 1995 by PSINet,[6] which expanded Pipeline service nationwide.[7] Another feature introduced by PSInet was flat pricing for unlimited Internet usage.[8]

In July 1996, PSINet sold its consumer Internet operations, including the Pipeline, to MindSpring.[9] MindSpring discontinued the use of the Pipeline brand, although former Pipeline customers could continue to use their e-mail addresses in the Pipeline domain. Three years later, MindSpring merged with EarthLink.[10] Earthlink, too, allows former Pipeline customers to use their Pipeline e-mail addresses.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.