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Thiolane

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Thiolane

Tetrahydrothiophene

Identifiers
Abbreviations THT
CAS number 110-01-0 YesY
ChemSpider 1095 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:48458 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C4H8S
Molar mass 88.17 g mol−1
Density 0.999 g/mL[1]
Melting point

-96 °C, 177 K, -141 °F

Boiling point

119 °C, 392 K, 246 °F

 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Tetrahydrothiophene is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH2)4S. It consists of a five-membered ring containing four carbon atoms and a sulfur atom. It is the saturated analog of thiophene. It is a volatile, colorless liquid with an intensely unpleasant odor. It is also known as thiophane or THT.

Synthesis and reactions

It is prepared by the reaction of tetrahydrofuran with hydrogen sulfide. This vapor-phase reaction is catalyzed by alumina and other heterogenous acid catalysts.[2][3]

This compound is a ligand in coordination chemistry, an example being the complex chloro(tetrahydrothiophene)gold(I).[4]

Oxidation of THT gives the solvent called sulfolane, a polar solvent with almost no odor. Sulfolane is more conventionally prepared from butadiene.

Applications

Because of its smell, tetrahydrothiophene has been used as an odorant in LPG,[3] although, no longer in North America. It is also used as an odorant for natural gas, usually in mixtures containing tert-butylthiol.

See also

References

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