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Transport in Sweden

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Transport in Sweden

A bridge in Scania

Transportation in Sweden.

Railways

Rail transport is operated by SJ, DSBFirst, Green Cargo, Tågkompaniet and more. Most counties have companies that do ticketing, marketing and financing of local passenger rail, but the actual operation are done by the above-mentioned companies.

  • Total: 11,663 km (includes 3,594 km of privately (in fact county) owned railways) or 9227 km of national railways
  • standard gauge: 11,568 km 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) gauge (7,531 km electrified and 1,152 km double track) (2008)
  • narrow gauge: 65 km of 891 mm (2 ft 11 332 in) gauge (2008)

Light rail and metros

Stockholm Metro (Stockholms Tunnelbana) is the only metro system in Sweden.

Cities with light rail (trams);

Stockholm previously had a large tram network, but this was discontinued in favour of bus and metro; a revival of the tram network was seen in the construction of Tvärbanan in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Railway links with adjacent countries

Road traffic

Above: Left-hand traffic in Slussen in 1963. Below: Right-hand traffic in Slussen in 2007.

Sweden has right-hand traffic today like all its neighbours.

Sweden had left-hand traffic (Vänstertrafik in Swedish) from approximately 1736 and continued to do so until 1967. Despite this virtually all cars in Sweden were actually left-hand drive and the neighbouring Nordic countries already drove on the right, leading to mistakes by visitors. The Swedish voters rejected a change to driving on the right in a referendum held in 1955.

Nevertheless, in 1963 the Riksdag passed legislation ordering the switch to right-hand traffic. The changeover took place on a Sunday morning at 5am on September 3, 1967, which was known in Swedish as Dagen H (H-Day), the 'H' standing for Högertrafik or right-hand traffic.

Since Swedish cars were left-hand drive, experts had suggested that changing to driving on the right would reduce accidents, because drivers would have a better view of the road ahead. Indeed, fatal car-to-car and car-to-pedestrian accidents did drop sharply as a result. This was likely due to drivers initially being more careful and because of the initially very low speed limits, since accident rates soon returned to nearly the same as earlier.

Total roadways: 572,900 km, as of 2009.

Motorways

Oslo in Norway will be completed).

Ports and harbours

  • Waterways: 2,052 km (2010)
  • note: navigable for small steamers and barges

Merchant marine

Airports

See also: Swedish Civil Aviation Administration and List of airports in Sweden

  • 230 (2012)

Airports - with paved runways

(Official figures. A great number of wartime airfields exist with various lengths, usually built into roads, and are usually less than 1000 m long)

    • total: 149
    • over 3,047 m: 3 (Arlanda, Landvetter, Luleå)
    • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 12
    • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 74
    • 914 to 1,523 m: 23
    • under 914 m: 37 (2012)

Airports - with unpaved runways

    • total: 81
    • 914 to 1,523 m: 5
    • under 914 m: 76 (2012)
  • Heliports
    • 2 (2012) (Every hospital, airport and military base has Helipads.)

List of airports

Pipelines

  • gas 786 km (2010)

See also

References

External links

  • resrobot.se, Search engine for all public transport inside Sweden including air


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