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Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party

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Title: Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party  
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Language: English
Subject: Politics of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italian general election, 2013, Ugo Rossi, Union for Trentino, Lega Nord Trentino
Collection: Political Parties in Trentino
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Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party


The Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party (}

}}: Partito Autonomista Trentino Tirolese, PATT) is a regionalist,[1] autonomist[2] and Christian democratic[1] political party in Trentino, Italy. The PATT is the unofficial counterpart of the South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP) in Trentino and the two parties contested together several general and European elections.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Background 1.1
    • First golden age 1.2
    • Alliance with the centre-left 1.3
    • 2008 general and provincial elections 1.4
    • 2013 general and provincial elections 1.5
  • Popular support 2
  • Leadership 3
  • References 4
  • Sources 5
  • External links 6

History

Background

The party was founded on 25 July 1948 as the Trentino Tyrolean People's Party (PPTT). Between 1972 and 1976, the PPTT was represented in the Italian Senate by Sergio Fontanari. In 1982 a split between the conservative wing, led by Franco Tretter, and the centrist wing of the party, led by longstanding leader Enrico Pruner, occurred. The first group retained the name of the party, but then changed it to Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Union (UATT), while the latter took the name of Integral Autonomy.[3] In 1988 the two groups were re-united and formed the PATT.

First golden age

In the 1993 provincial election the party had its best result ever (20.2%), thanks to the crisis of Christian Democracy (DC),[4] and its leader Carlo Andreotti was President of the Province of Trento for the successive five years, at the head of a coalition composed of the PATT and the Italian People's Party, one of the successors of DC, and some minor parties.

In 1998, the party's share of the vote declined to 12.4%, due to the success of the newly formed Daisy Civic List (22.2%), with which it entered into coalition. Despite this, the PATT formed an alliance with the House of Freedoms and especially Lega Nord Trentino for the 2001 general election, but Giacomo Bezzi was narrowly defeated in the single-seat-constituency of Lavis.[5]

Alliance with the centre-left

In 2002 the PATT entered in alliance with the Daisy-dominated centre-left coalition. This caused the split of the centre-right faction led by Carlo Andreotti, who formed Autonomist Trentino (TA).

In the 2003 provincial election, Andreotti, who was the candidate for President of the centre-right, was soundly defeated (60.8% to 30.7%) by incumbent Lorenzo Dellai (Daisy), who appointed PATT members in his government. The PATT won just 9.0%, but TA did much worse and garnered a mere 2.2%.[6][7]

After the 2006 general election, thanks to an electoral pact with the South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP), the PATT was for only the second time represented in the Chamber of Deputies by its former secretary Giacomo Bezzi.

In 2007 the Trentino Autonomists, which were formed in 2000 by the merger of PATT splinter groups, merged into the PATT.

2008 general and provincial elections

In the 2008 general election the PATT formed an alliance with the Daisy and the SVP for the Senate (Sergio Muraro, PATT, was the candidate in the single-seat constituency of Pergine Valsugana),[8] while for the Chamber of Deputies the PATT supported the SVP. Prior to the electoral campaign, Giacomo Bezzi, who was not running for re-election, announced that he was to vote for the centre-right in the election.[9] Also, would-be Senator Muraro did not rule out the possibility of an alliance with the centre-right, if Silvio Berlusconi would have become Prime Minister again.[10] In the election, the centre-left was for the first time defeated in Trentino[11] and Muraro was not elected.[12] The loss brought the PATT into a bitter turmoil. Bezzi finally left the party and formed the Popular Autonomists (PA), along with two minor regionalist parties, Autonomist Trentino and the Popular Autonomy Movement.

In the 2008 provincial election, the PA supported Sergio Divina, senator and leader of Lega Nord Trentino, as candidate for President, while the PATT remained aligned with the centre-left Democratic Party (PD) and Lorenzo Dellai's Union for Trentino (UpT). Dellai was re-elected by a landslide and the PATT gained 8.5% of the vote and three provincial deputies.[13] The PATT took part to the new government of Dellai with two provincial ministers, Ugo Rossi and Franco Panizza.

2013 general and provincial elections

For the 2013 general election, PATT formed an alliance with the SVP, the UpT and the PD.[14][15] This led to the best result ever for the party in a general election: Mauro Ottobre was elected deputy in the SVP's list,[16] which gained 4.8% in Trentino, and Franco Panizza was elected senator in the constituency of Trento.[17]

In the run-up of the 2013 provincial election, Ugo Rossi of the PATT won the province's centre-left primary election.[18]

In the provincial election, Rossi was elected President with a landslide 58.1% of the vote,[19] while the PATT garnered 17.6%[20] and 7 elects in the Provincial Council (plus Rossi).[21] A former leader of the party, Giacomo Bezzi, stood as candidate for Forza Trentino and gained a mere 4.3% of the vote.

The PATT contested the 2014 European Parliament election in alliance with the SVP,[22] whose list was supported also by the UpT.[23] The list won 12.2% in Trentino.[24]

Popular support

The electoral results of the PATT in Trentino since 1992 are shown in the table below.

1992 general 1993 provinc. 1994 general 1994 European 1996 general 1998 provinc. 1999 European 2001 general 2003 provinc. 2004 European 2006 general 2008 general 2008 provinc. 2009 European 2013 general 2013 provinc. European
5.7[25] 20.2 18.6[26] 11.3[25] 15.4[26] 12.4 2.9[25] 6.0[25] 9.0 3.8[25] 5.1[25] 4.8[25] 8.5 6.1[25] 4.8[25] 17.6 12.2[25]

Leadership

References


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^ http://trentinocorrierealpi.repubblica.it/dettaglio/Quando-tremo-lintero-consiglio/1521706
  4. ^
  5. ^ ::: Ministero dell'Interno ::: Archivio Storico delle Elezioni - Camera del 13 Maggio 2001
  6. ^ http://www.elezioni.provincia.tn.it/2003_10_26/index.html
  7. ^ Parties and Elections in Europe
  8. ^ Civica Margherita del Trentino
  9. ^ Lo strappo di Bezzi: "Io voto per Divina" | Trentino
  10. ^ Muraro: "Berlusconi? Non dico se lo voterei" | Trentino
  11. ^ http://politiche.interno.it/politiche/camera080413/C060830000.htm
  12. ^ http://politiche.interno.it/politiche/senato080413/S040030000.htm
  13. ^ http://www.elezioni2008.provincia.tn.it/
  14. ^ Patto per l'autonomia Svp-Pd-Patt - Trentino-Alto Adige/Suedtirol - ANSA.it
  15. ^ Patto per l’Autonomia: «Impegni che Monti ci ha negato» | Notizie | PATT
  16. ^ http://elezioni.interno.it/camera/scrutini/20130224/C060000000.htm
  17. ^ http://elezioni.interno.it/senato/scrutini/20130224/S040010000.htm
  18. ^ http://www.corriere.it/politica/13_luglio_13/pd-primarie-trentino-rossi-in-testa_fa376650-ec05-11e2-8187-31118fc65ff2.shtml
  19. ^ Elezioni 2013 - Provincia autonoma di Trento
  20. ^ Elezioni 2013 - Provincia autonoma di Trento
  21. ^ Elezioni 2013 - Provincia autonoma di Trento
  22. ^ Pd, Svp, Patt E Sloveni Insieme Per Le Europee | Notizie | Patt
  23. ^ Notizia del 02.05.2014 | Unione per il Trentino
  24. ^ [Scrutini] Europee - Elezioni del 25 maggio 2014 - Ministero dell'Interno
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j In list with the South Tyrolean People's Party at the national level.
  26. ^ a b This result refers to single-seat constituencies, as the party did not presented a list for proportional representation.

Sources

  • "Autonomists in Trentino", an essay by Franco Panizza
  • Provincial Council of Trento – Legislatures
  • Trentino Alto-Adige Region – Elections
  • Provincial Government of Trento – Elections
  • Cattaneo Institute – Archive of Election Data
  • Parties and Elections in Europe – Province of Trento
  • Ministry of the Interior – Historical Archive of Elections

External links

  • Official website
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