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Trust Territory of Somaliland

Trust Territory of Somalia
Amministrazione Fiduciaria della Somalia
United Nations Trust Territory

1950–1960
Flag from 1954
Flag Coat of arms
Location of the Trust Territory of Somalia.
Capital Mogadishu
Languages Somali · Arabic · Italian
Religion Islam
Political structure United Nations Trust Territory
Administrator
 -  1950–1953 Giovanni Fornari
 -  1953–1957 Enrico Martino
 -  1957–1958 Enrico Anzillotti
 -  1958–1960 Mario di Stefano
Prime Minister
 -  29 February 1956–1 July 1960 Abdullahi Issa
Historical era Cold War
 -  Established 1 April 1950
 -  Independence 1 July 1960
Currency somalo

The Trust Territory of Somalia (officially, the "Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian administration") was a United Nations Trust Territory in present-day northeastern, central and southern Somalia. It was administered by Italy from 1950 to 1960, following the dissolution of the former Italian Somaliland.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Governors 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5

History

In 1941, Italian Somaliland was occupied by British and South African troops as part of the East African Campaign of World War II. The British continued to administer the area until November 1949, when Italian Somaliland was made a Trust Territory by the United Nations, under Italian administration, starting from 1 April 1950.

During the 1950s, with UN aid money pouring in and the presence of experienced Italian administrators who had come to see the region as their home, infrastructural and educational development blossomed in the region. The decade passed relatively without incident, and was marked by positive growth in virtually all aspects of local life.

Italian was an official language in Italian Somaliland during the Fiduciary Mandate as well as the first years of independence. In 1954, the Italian government established post-secondary institutions of law, economics and social studies in Mogadishu, the territory's capital. These institutions were satellites of the University of Rome, which provided all the instruction material, faculty and administration.

In 1960, the Trust Territory of Somalia (the former Italian Somaliland) became independent, following in the footsteps of the briefly extant State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland) which had gained independence five days earlier, with Mohamed Haji Ibrahim Egal as Prime Minister on June 26, 1960.[2] On July 1, 1960, the two territories united as planned to form the Somali Republic.[3][4] A new government was formed with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as the first President of the Somali National Assembly, Abdullahi Issa as Prime Minister, Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister, later to become President (from 1967 to 1969). On June 20, 1961, through a popular referendum, the Somali people ratified a new constitution first drafted in 1960.[5]

Governors

  • Giovanni Fornari (1 April 1950 to 1953)
  • Enrico Martino (1954 to 1957)
  • Enrico Anzillotti (1957 to 24 July 1958)
  • Mario di Stefano (24 July 1958 to 1 July 1960)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Trusteeship and Protectorate: The Road to Independence of Somalia
  2. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica, The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, (Encyclopaedia Britannica: 2002), p.835
  3. ^ "The dawn of the Somali nation-state in 1960". Buluugleey.com. Retrieved 2009-02-25. 
  4. ^ "The making of a Somalia state". Strategypage.com. 2006-08-09. Retrieved 2009-02-25. 
  5. ^ Greystone Press Staff, The Illustrated Library of The World and Its Peoples: Africa, North and East, (Greystone Press: 1967), p.338

External links

  • (Italian) "L'Onu e l'Amministrazione fiduciaria italiana in Somalia" by Antonio Morone.

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