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Tyrone

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Subject: Robert the Bruce, 1562, Cookstown, Downpatrick, History of Northern Ireland, Unionism in Ireland, Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, Henry Sidney, Turlough Luineach O'Neill, Shane O'Neill
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Tyrone

"Tyrone" redirects here. For other uses, see Tyrone (disambiguation).
County Tyrone
Template:Pad top italic

Coat of arms
Motto: Consilio et Prudentia  (Latin)
"By Wisdom and Prudence"
Country United Kingdom
Region Northern Ireland
Province Ulster
County town Omagh
Area
 • Total 1,260 sq mi (3,263 km2)
Area rank 8th
Population (2011) 177,986
 • Rank 10th[1]
Contae Thír Eoghain is the Irish name; Countie Tyrone,[2] Coontie Tyrone[3] and Coontie Owenslann[4] are Ulster Scots spellings (the latter used only by Dungannon & South Tyrone Borough Council).

County Tyrone (from Irish: Tír Eoghain, meaning "land of Eoghan") is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the south-west shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 3,155 km², with a population of approximately 177,986, with its county town being Omagh. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, lying within the historical province of Ulster.

Tyrone is the seventh largest of Ireland's thirty-two counties in area and tenth largest in terms of population.[5] It is the second largest of Ulster's nine counties in size and fourth largest in terms of population.[6] The county is no longer used as an administrative division for local government purposes, but retains a strong identity in popular culture.

Name

The name Tyrone is derived Template:Etymology. This Eoghan was son of king Niall of the Nine Hostages, and brother of Conall Gulban, who gave his name to the kingdom of Tír Chonaill.[7] Historically, it was anglicised as Tirowen or Tyrowen, which are closer to the Irish pronunciation.

History

Historically Tyrone stretched as far north as Lough Foyle, and comprised part of modern day County Londonderry east of the River Foyle. The majority of County Londonderry was carved out of Tyrone between 1610–1620 when that land went to the Guilds of London to set up profit making schemes based on natural resources located there. Tyrone was the traditional stronghold of the various O'Neill clans and families, the strongest of the Gaelic Irish families in Ulster, surviving into the seventeenth century. The ancient principality of Tír Eoghain, the inheritance of the O'Neills, included the whole of the present counties of Tyrone and Londonderry, and the four baronies of West Inishowen, East Inishowen, Raphoe North and Raphoe South in County Donegal.[7]

Geography

With an area of 3,155 square kilometres (1,218 sq mi), Tyrone is the largest county in Northern Ireland. The flat peatlands of East Tyrone borders the shoreline of the largest lake in Ireland, Lough Neagh, rising gradually across to the more mountainous terrain in the west of the county, the area surrounding the Sperrin Mountains, the highest point being Sawel Mountain at a height of 678 m (2,224 ft). The length of the county, from the mouth of the River Blackwater at Lough Neagh to the western point near Carrickaduff hill is 55 miles (89 km). The breadth, from the southern corner, southeast of Fivemiletown, to the northeastern corner near Meenard Mountain is 37.5 miles (60.4 km); giving an area of 1,260 square miles (in 1900).[7] Annaghone lays claim to be the geographical centre of Northern Ireland.


Demography

It is one of four counties in Northern Ireland which presently has a majority of the population from a Catholic community background, according to the 2011 census. In 1900 County Tyrone had a population of 197,719,[7] while in 2011 it was 177,986.

Settlements

Large towns

(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)[8]

Medium towns

(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)[8]

Small towns

(population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)[8]

Intermediate settlements

(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)[8]

Villages

(population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)[8]

Small villages or hamlets

(population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)[8]

Subdivisions

Baronies

Main article: Baronies of Ireland

Parishes

Townlands

Sport

The major sports in Tyrone are Gaelic games, Association football and Rugby Union.

Notable people

See also

References

  • The Memoirs of John M. Regan, a Catholic Officer in the RIC and RUC, 1909–48, Joost Augusteijn, editor, District Inspector, Co. Tyrone, 1920s, ISBN 978-1-84682-069-4.

Further reading

External links

  • DMOZ
  • A Flavour of Tyrone
  • County Tyrone.com
  • Ulster-American Folk Park
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