World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000684857
Reproduction Date:

Title: Uruguaiana  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Rio Grande do Sul, List of postal codes in Brazil, Paraguayan War, Barra do Quaraí, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Flag of Uruguaiana
Official seal of Uruguaiana
Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Country Brazil
Region South
State Rio Grande do Sul
Founded 1843
 • Mayor Luiz Augusto Schneider
 • Total 5,715.8 km2 (2,206.9 sq mi)
Elevation 66 m (217 ft)
Population (2006 est.)
 • Total 136,364
 • Density 23.9/km2 (62/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Website Prefeitura de Uruguaiana

Uruguaiana is a municipality in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. It is located on the left-hand (eastern) shore of the Uruguay River that forms the border with Argentina. Opposite Uruguaiana, and joined to it by a road/railway bridge, lies the Argentine city of Paso de los Libres, Corrientes. North of Uruguaiana lies the Brazilian municipality of Itaqui, connected by a bridge constructed by the English in 1888 over the Ibicuí River. The municipality also borders the municipalities of Alegrete, Barra do Quaraí and Quaraí, and, also, Uruguay, making it one of the few international triple-border municipalities of Brazil.

The city marks the southernmost point reached by the Paraguayans in the Paraguayan War; after being taken without resistance, it was recaptured after a six-week siege that effectively ended the phase of Paraguayan offensive operations.[1]

Nowadays, Uruguaiana represents the biggest in population and arguably most important municipality of the sparsely populated western Rio Grande do Sul.


  • Communications and distances 1
  • Economy 2
  • Health 3
  • Education 4
  • Music 5
  • Remarkable construction works 6
  • Footnotes 7
  • References 8

Communications and distances

The major highways connecting Uruguaiana with other cities in Rio Grande do Sul are BR 472, to Barra do Quaraí in the south and São Borja in the north, BR 290, to Alegrete and Porto Alegre in the east.

The city is served by Ruben Berta International Airport, the largest airport in the interior of the state. It had a traffic of over 3,000 passengers in 2008 with 1,409 planes using the facilities.

Some of the distances between Uruguaiana and other cities in the state are:

  • Porto Alegre: 649 km.
  • Santa Maria: 365 km.
  • Pelotas: 649 km.
  • Rio Grande: 701 km.
  • Bagé: 454 km.
  • Chuí: 904 km.
  • Passo Fundo: 562 km.[2]


The economy is mainly based on services, followed by industry and agriculture in that order. The sectors employing the most workers were industry, 1,187 workers; commerce, 7,662 workers; public administration, 2,248 workers; transport, communications and storage, 3,303 workers; education, 573 workers; and health, 774 workers.[3]

In 2006 there were 829 agricultural establishments, employing around 3,400 workers. There were 207,000 head of cattle. The main crops were soybeans (633 hectares), wheat (320 hectares), and rice (58,000 hectares).[4]


Health care for the population is mainly provided by public facilities. In 2005 there were 49 health establishments, of which 25 were public facilities. The Municipal Secretariat of Health and the Environment had 16 health centers, including the Health Center of Uruguaina and the Municipal Emergency Care operated by 235 workers.

Uruguaiana had two hospitals, both linked to the national health service. They had 268 beds (2005), with 176 public and 92 private.[5][6]


The municipal school network was made up of 27 schools, 10 urban and 17 rural, with 567 teachers who administered to 6,222 students in the urban area and 485 in the rural area. In the rural schools there were 30 teachers. The total number of schools both public and private was 110 in 2005. There were 52 primary schools, 4 middle schools, and 44 pre-primary schools in 2007 [7]

Uruguaiana had a university campus with schools of Animal Science, Veterinarian Science, Agronomy, Philosophy, Letters, Accounting, Business Administration, Computer Science, and Law. Enrollment in 2005 was 1,850 students.[8][9]


Uruguaiana is the home of the yearly Califórnia da Canção Nativa regional gaucho music festival.

Remarkable construction works

International bridge

Later, on May 21, 1947, the International Getúlio Vargas/Agustín P. Just Road/Railway Bridge on the Uruguay River was inaugurated by presidents Eurico Gaspar Dutra of Brazil and Juan Domingo Perón of Argentina, linking Uruguaiana to the Argentine city of Paso de los Libres. At the time of its construction, the bridge was the greatest work of engineering of Latin America.

Since 1987 there is a high-voltage direct current (HVDC) back-to-back station for power exchange with Uruguay at Uruguaiana. This facility, which was built by Toshiba, can transfer a maximum power of 53.9 megawatts. The applied DC voltage is 17.9 kV.

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Uruguaiana.[10]


  1. ^ Leuchars, Chris. To the Bitter End: Paraguay and the War of the Triple Alliance (2002), chapter ten.
  2. ^ Aonde Fica
  3. ^ IBGE
  4. ^ IBGE
  5. ^ Prefeitura de Uruguaiana
  6. ^ Ibge
  7. ^ Prefeitura de Uruguaiana
  8. ^ Ibge
  9. ^ Prefeitura de Uruguaiana
  10. ^  "Uruguayana".  


  • Uruguaiana HVDC-back-to-back station
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.