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Velar lateral approximant

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Title: Velar lateral approximant  
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Subject: List of consonants, Velar consonant, Approximant consonant, Lateral consonant, IPA Braille
Collection: Lateral Consonants, Velar Consonants
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Velar lateral approximant

Velar lateral approximant
IPA number 158
Entity (decimal) ʟ
Unicode (hex) U+029F
Kirshenbaum L
Braille ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)

The velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in a very small number[1] of spoken languages in the world. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʟ (since 1989) and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is L\.

The velar laterals of the world often involve a prestopped realization [ɡ͡ʟ].[2]


  • Features 1
  • Occurrence 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Bibliography 5


Features of the velar lateral approximant:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
English some dialects[3] milk     'milk' May occur before velar and labial consonants. See English phonology
Hiw[4] evov [ɡ͡ʟəβɡ͡ʟɔβ] 'evening' The velar lateral of Hiw is prestopped [ɡ͡ʟ]
Melpa[5] [paʟa] 'fence'
Mid-Wahgi[3] aglagle [aʟaʟe] 'dizzy'

See also


  1. ^ François (2010:422–426)
  2. ^ François (2010:425)
  3. ^ a b Roca & Johnson (1999:73)
  4. ^ François (2010:419)
  5. ^ Ladefoged (2005:169)


  • Roca, Iggy; Johnson, Wyn (1999), A Course in Phonology, Blackwell Publishing 
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