Verbász

Vrbas
Врбас
Municipality and Town

Coat of arms

Location of the municipality of Vrbas within Serbia

Coordinates: 45°34′N 19°39′E / 45.567°N 19.650°E / 45.567; 19.650Coordinates: 45°34′N 19°39′E / 45.567°N 19.650°E / 45.567; 19.650

Country  Serbia
District South Bačka
Settlements 7
Government
 • Mayor Željko Vidović
Area[1]
 • Municipality 376 km2 (145 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 24,112
 • Municipality 42,092
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 21460
Area code +381 21
Car plates VS
Website

Vrbas (Serbian Cyrillic: Врбас) is a city and municipality located in Serbia at 45°34′N 19°39′E / 45.57°N 19.65°E / 45.57; 19.65, in the South Bačka District in the autonomous province of Vojvodina. In 2011 the city had a total population of 24,112, while the municipality had 42,092.

Name



Its name stems from the word "Willow" in the Serbian language. During the SFRY period, the town was renamed Titov Vrbas (meaning "the Vrbas of Tito"), after Josip Broz Tito. Like all other towns in Socialist Yugoslavia named after Tito, the first part was dropped once the new states were formed during the early 1990s.

In Rusyn, the town is known as Вербас, in Hungarian as Verbász, in Croatian as Vrbas, in German as Werbass, and in Turkish as Verbas.

History

Vrbas was mentioned first in 1213 during the administration of the Kingdom of Hungary. According to other sources, it was mentioned first in 1387.[3] In the 16th century it became a part of the Ottoman Empire. During Ottoman administration it was populated by ethnic Serbs.[4]

Since the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718), Vrbas (and the Banat) was placed under administration of the Habsburg Monarchy. According to the 1720 census, it was populated exclusively by Serbs (about 250 families[5]).[6]

After 1784 many Germans settled in the town founding a new settlement named Novi Vrbas (Neu-Verbasz) near the old Serb settlement, which then became known as Stari Vrbas (Old Vrbas).

In 1910, population of Novi Vrbas was mostly composed of ethnic Germans, while population of Stari Vrbas was ethnically mixed and was mainly composed of Serbs and Germans.[7]

In 1918, Vrbas became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which was later renamed to Yugoslavia. The town was under Axis occupation in 1941-1944, and during that time it was attached to Horthy's Hungary. As a consequence of the World War II events in Yugoslavia, the German population fled from the town after this war. In the same time, many settlers from Montenegro came to Vrbas and other neighboring places.

Inhabited places

Vrbas municipality includes the city of Vrbas and the following villages:

Demographics (2011 census)

Ethnic groups in the Vrbas municipality

According to the 2011 census the municipality of Vrbas had a total population of 42,092, including:[8]

Settlements by ethnic majority

Settlements with Serb ethnic majority are: Bačko Dobro Polje, Zmajevo, Kosančić, Ravno Selo and Vrbas. Ethnically mixed settlements are: Kucura (with relative Rusyn majority) and Savino Selo (with relative Montenegrin majority).

Ethnic groups in the Vrbas town

Languages in the Vrbas municipality

According to the 2002 census, 85% of inhabitants of the Vrbas municipality speak Serbian as mother tongue. Other spoken languages include Rusyn (8%), Hungarian (4%) and Ukrainian (1%).

Historical population of the town

  • 1961: 19,316
  • 1971: 22,496
  • 1981: 25,143
  • 1991: 25,858
  • 2011: 23,910

Politics

Seats in the municipal parliament won in the 2004 local elections: [1]

  • Serbian Radical Party (14)
  • Democratic Party (9)
  • Socialist Party of Serbia (4)
  • People's Democratic Party (2)
  • Democratic Party of Serbia (2)
  • New Social Democracy of Vojvodina (2)
  • Serbian Strength Movement (2)
  • G17 Plus (1)

Notable citizens

  • Pako Labudovic, Poet
  • Milenko A. Perovic, Philosopher
  • Nedjo Mijuskovic, Poet
  • Miodrag Kostic, Bisnisman
  • Josif Tatic, Serb actor
  • Dušan Bajatović, Serb and vice president of SPS (Serbian Socialist Party).
  • Radoman Božović, politician and former Prime Minister of Serbia from 1991 to 1993.
  • Ljubomir Fejsa, professional football player and member of the Serbia national football team
  • Molter Károly, writer
  • Vladimir Kolarić, Serb and member of the band Veliki Prezir.
  • Milan Komnenić, Serbian poet.
  • Igor Marojević, Serbian writer
  • Vida Ognjenović, writer and director.
  • Jozef Pehan, Hungarian painter.
  • Mitar Pešikan, Serbian linguist.
  • Janko Benša, athletics.
  • Dragan Momić, former professional handball player.
  • Lazar Ristovski, actor.
  • Nenad Njaradi, athletics.
  • Magdolna Rúzsa, female singer who won Megasztár in 2006.
  • Sava Vukoslavović, Serbian ethnomusicologist and composer.
  • Jagoš Vuković, football player.
  • Mirko Marčeta,handball player
  • Johannes Weidenheim, German writer who was born in Vrbas.
  • Golub Doknić,handball player.

See also

References

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.

External links

  • www.vrbas.net
  • Vrbas
  • Vrbas
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