World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000464430
Reproduction Date:

Title: Verbenaceae  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Flora of Madhya Pradesh, Samoan plant names, Clerodendrum umbellatum, Lantana camara, Lantana
Collection: Lamiales Families, Verbenaceae
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Flowers, fruit and (right) leaves
of a Lantana cultivar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Verbenaceae

About 35 (see text)


Durantaceae J.Agardh
Petreaceae J.Agardh[1]

The Verbenaceae are a family, commonly known as the verbena family or vervain family, of mainly tropical flowering plants. It contains trees, shrubs, and herbs notable for heads, spikes, or clusters of small flowers, many of which have an aromatic smell.[2]

Recent phylogenetic studies[3] have shown that numerous genera traditionally classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae. The new narrowly circumscribed Verbenaceae family includes some 35 genera and 1,200 species.[4][5] The mangrove genus Avicennia, sometimes placed in the Verbenaceae[6] or in its own family, Avicenniaceae,[7] has rather confidently been placed in the Acanthaceae.[4]

Economically important Verbenaceae include:


  • Genera 1
    • Excluded genera 1.1
  • References 2
  • External links 3


Golden dew drops (Duranta erecta)
Frog fruit (Phyla nodiflora)

The genera in the new narrowly circumscribed family:[8]

Excluded genera


  1. ^ a b J. St.-Hil., nom. cons."Verbenaceae"Family: . Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-04-12. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  2. ^ Stevens, P. F. (July 12, 2012). "Verbenaceae". Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
  3. ^ Cantino, P.D., Harley, R.M. & Wagstaff, S.J. 1992. Genera of Labiatae: status and classification. Pp. 511-522. In Harley, R.M. & Reynolds, T. (eds) Advances in Labiate Science. Richmond, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  4. ^ a b "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website - Lamiales".  
  5. ^ Heywood, V.H., Brummitt, R.K., Culham, A. & Seberg, O. 2007: Flowering Plant Families of the World. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  6. ^ Grandtner, Miroslav M. (2005). Elsevier's Dictionary of Trees: With Names in Latin, English, French, Spanish and Other Languages 1. Elsevier. p. 88.  
  7. ^ Nelson, Gil (1994). The Trees of Florida: a Reference and Field Guide. Pineapple Press Inc. p. 52.  
  8. ^ "Verbenaceae"GRIN Genera of . Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  9. ^ "Verbenaceae"GRIN genera sometimes placed in . Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 

External links

  • Verbenaceae of Mongolia in FloraGREIF
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.