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Vietnam Fatherland Front

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Vietnam Fatherland Front

Vietnamese Fatherland Front
Mặt Trận Tổ Quốc Việt Nam
Chairman Nguyễn Thiện Nhân
Secretary-General Vũ Trọng Kim
Founded February 1977
Headquarters Hà Nội, Vietnam
Ideology Left-wing nationalism
National Assembly Template:Infobox political party/seats
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The Vietnamese Fatherland Front ([1]. It also incorporates some officially sanctioned religious groups.

The Front is described by the Vietnamese government as "the political base of people's power." It is intended to have a significant role in society, promoting "national solidarity" and "unity of mind in political and spiritual matters." Many of the government's social programs are conducted through the Front. Recently, it has been given a role in programs to reduce poverty. The Front is also responsible for much of the government's policy on religion, and has the ability to determine which religious groups will receive official approval.

Perhaps more importantly, the Front is intended to supervise the activity of the government and of government organizations. Because the Front is based around mass participation and popular mobilization, it is seen as representative of the people, and both Vietnam's constitution and laws give it a special role. The Front has a particularly significant role in elections. Specifically, endorsement by the Front is generally required (in practice, if not in theory) to be a candidate for election. Almost all candidates are nominated by (and members of) the Front, with only a few "self-nominated" candidates avoiding the Front's veto. The Front's role in electoral nominations is mandated by law.

Leadership

Secretary General of the Vietnamese Fatherland Front since 1977:

  • Nguyễn Văn Tiến (1977-1988)
  • Phạm Văn Kiết (1988-1994)
  • Trần Văn Đăng (1994-2004)
  • Huỳnh Đảm (2004-2008)
  • Vũ Trọng Kim (from 2008)

Chairman of the Vietnamese Fatherland Front since 1977:

  • Hoàng Quốc Việt (1977-1983),
  • Huỳnh Tấn Phát (1983-1988),
  • Nguyễn Hữu Thọ (1988-1994),
  • Lê Quang Đạo (1994-1999),
  • Phạm Thế Duyệt (1999-2008),
  • Huỳnh Đảm (2008-2013),
  • Nguyễn Thiện Nhân (from 2013).

Formerly Front organisations

  • Vietnamese National Popular League (Hội Liên hiệp Quốc dân Việt Nam or Liên Việt), founded in 29 May 1946. Head of League: Huynh Thuc Khang (1946-1947), Bùi Bằng Đoàn (1947-1951).
  • Vietnamese National Popular Front (Mặt trận Liên Việt), founded 1951, merged Viet Minh and Lien Viet. Chairman: Tôn Đức Thắng
  • Vietnamese Fatherland Front (Mặt trận Tổ quốc Việt Nam), founded 1955 replaced Vietnamese National Popular Front. Chairman: Tôn Đức Thắng*
  • Alliance of National, Democratic and Peace Forces of Việt Nam, founded in 20 April 1968. Chairman: Trịnh Đình Thảo.

External links

  • Vietnamese Fatherland Front official website (in Vietnamese)
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