World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Vitiges

Campaign map of the first phase of the Gothic war, 535–540

Vitiges or Witiges (died 540) was king of the Ostrogoths in Italy from 536 to 540.[1]

He succeeded to the throne of Italy in the early stages of the Gothic War, as Belisarius had quickly captured Sicily the previous year and was currently in southern Italy at the head of the forces of Justinian I, the Eastern Roman Emperor.

Vitiges was the husband of Amalasuntha's only surviving child, Matasuntha.[2] The panegyric upon the wedding in 536 was delivered by Cassiodorus, the praetorian prefect, and survives, a traditionally Roman form of rhetoric that set the Gothic dynasty in a flatteringly Roman light.

Soon after he was made king, Vitiges had his predecessor Theodahad murdered.[3] Theodahad had enraged the Goths because he failed to send any assistance to Naples when it was besieged by the Byzantines, led by Belisarius.

Justinian's general Belisarius took both Vitiges and Matasuntha as captives to Constantinople,[4] and Vitiges died there, without any children. After his death, Matasuntha married the patrician Germanus Justinus, a nephew of Justinian I by his sister Vigilantia.[5]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Theodahad
King of the Ostrogoths
536–540
Succeeded by
Ildibad

References

  1. ^ Edward Gibbon; Henry Hart Milman (1880). The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Harper & brothers. p. 271. 
  2. ^ Julius von Pflugk-Harttung; John Henry Wright (1905). The great migrations. Lea brothers & company. p. 374. 
  3. ^ John H. Rosser (2012). Historical Dictionary of Byzantium. Scarecrow Press. p. 458.  
  4. ^ John Stevens Cabot Abbott; Wilfred C. Lay (1900). Italy. P. F. Collier. p. 424. 
  5. ^ Robert Rix (13 November 2014). The Barbarian North in Medieval Imagination: Ethnicity, Legend, and Literature. Taylor & Francis. p. 51.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.