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William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

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Title: William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg  
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Subject: Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Prince Louis of Luxembourg, Prince Jean of Luxembourg
Collection: 1852 Births, 1912 Deaths, Burials at Notre-Dame Cathedral, Luxembourg, Burials in the Royal Crypt of Weilburg Schlosskirche, Grand Dukes of Luxembourg, Grand Masters of the Order of Adolphe of Nassau, Grand Masters of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Grand Masters of the Order of the Oak Crown, House of Nassau-Weilburg, Luxembourgian Protestants, Members of the Council of State of Luxembourg, People from Wiesbaden, Protestant Monarchs
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William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

William IV
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Reign 17 November 1905 –
25 February 1912
Predecessor Adolphe
Successor Marie-Adélaïde
Regent Marie Anne of Portugal
(1908–1912)
Born (1852-04-22)22 April 1852
Biebrich Palace, Wiesbaden
Died 25 February 1912(1912-02-25) (aged 59)
Berg Castle, Colmar-Berg
Burial Schlosskirche (“Castle Church”) in Weilburg since 1953
Spouse Marie Anne of Portugal
Issue Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Hilda, Princess of Schwarzenberg
Antonia, Crown Princess of Bavaria
Elisabeth, Princess Ludwig Philipp of Thurn and Taxis
Sophie, Princess Ernst Heinrich of Saxony
House House of Nassau-Weilburg
Father Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Mother Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau
Religion Calvinism

William IV (22 April 1852 – 25 February 1912) reigned as the sovereign Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 17 November 1905 until his death. He succeeded his father, Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg. He also held the title of Duke of Nassau, although that was annexed by Prussia after the Austro-Prussian war of 1866.[1]

William IV was a Protestant, the religion of the House of Nassau. He married Princess Marie Anne of Portugal, believing that a Roman Catholic country ought to have a Roman Catholic monarch. Thus since William IV all other Grand Dukes have been Catholic.

At the death of his uncle, Prince Nikolaus-Wilhelm in 1905, the only other legitimate male in the House of Nassau-Weilburg was William's cousin, Georg Nikolaus, Marie-Adélaïde (1894–1924) as heiress-presumptive to the grand ducal throne. She became Luxembourg's first reigning female monarch upon her father's death in 1912, and upon her own abdication in 1919, was succeeded by her younger sister Charlotte (1896–1985). Charlotte's descendants have reigned until the present day.

He was the last monarch of Luxembourg to die in office.

Contents

  • Family 1
  • Titles and honours 2
  • Ancestry 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Family

On 21 June 1893 in Fischhorn Castle, Zell am See, he married Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal, daughter of the deposed king Miguel I of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. The couple had six daughters:

Titles and honours

Titles
  • 22 April 1852 - 23 November 1890: His Highness The Hereditary Prince of Nassau[5]
  • 23 November 1890 - 17 November 1905: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Hereditary Prince of Nassau[6]
  • 17 November 1905 - 25 February 1912: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau[6]
National honours
Foreign honours

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ Almanach de Gotha (1901), article "Luxembourg"
  2. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/schwarzenberg.html Princely House of Schwarzenberg
  3. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/thurn.html Princely House of Thurn and Taxis
  4. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/saxony.html Royal House of Saxony
  5. ^ It was customary for a reigning Duke, his heir apparent, and their spouses to use the style of Highness.
  6. ^ a b It was customary for a reigning Grand Duke, his heir apparent, and their spouses to use the style of Royal Highness
  7. ^ a b Miroslav MAREK. "Hesse-Homburg", 2003-05-02. Retrieved on 2009-03-05

External links

  • Grand-Ducal House of Luxembourg
William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Cadet branch of the House of Nassau
Born: 12 April 1852 Died: 25 February 1912
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Adolphe
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
1905–1912
Succeeded by
Marie-Adélaïde
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