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Wingdings

Wingdings are a series of dingbat fonts which render letters as a variety of symbols. They were originally developed in 1990 by Microsoft by combining glyphs from Lucida Icons, Arrows, and Stars licensed from Charles Bigelow and Kris Holmes.[1] Certain versions of the font's copyright string include an attribution to Type Solutions, Inc., the maker of a tool used to hint the font.

None of the fonts were mapped to Unicode at the time; however, Unicode approved the addition of many symbols in the Wingdings and Webdings fonts in Unicode 7.0. [2]

Contents

  • Wingdings 1
  • Wingdings 2 2
  • Wingdings 3 3
  • Controversy 4
    • 9/11 attacks 4.1
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Wingdings

Wingdings
Category Symbol
Designer(s) Charles Bigelow
Kris Holmes
Foundry Bigelow and Holmes, Microsoft Corp.
Date released 1990
Wingdings sample text
Sample

Wingdings is a TrueType dingbat font included in all versions of Microsoft Windows from version 3.1 onwards.[3]

The Wingdings trademark is owned by Microsoft,[3] and the design and glyph order was awarded U.S. Design Patent D341848 in 1993.[4][5] The patent expired in 2005. In many other countries, a Design Patent would be called a registered design. It is registration of a design to deter imitation, rather than a claim of a novel invention.

This font contains many largely recognized shapes and gestures as well as some recognized world symbols, such as the Star of David, the symbols of the zodiac, index or manicle signs and obscure ampersands.

Mosaic of Wingdings characters

Wingdings 2

Wingdings 2
Category Dingbat
Designer(s) Charles Bigelow
Kris Holmes
Foundry Type Solutions
Wingdings 2 sample text
Sample

Wingdings 2 is a TrueType font distributed, for example, with Microsoft Office.[6] The font was developed in 1990 by Type Solutions, Inc. The current copyright holder is Microsoft Corporation. Among the features of Wingdings 2 are 16 forms of the index, Enclosed Alphanumerics from 0 to 10, multiple forms of ampersand and interrobang, several geometric shapes and an asterism.

Mosaic of Wingdings 2 characters

Wingdings 3

Wingdings 3
Category Symbol
Designer(s) Charles Bigelow
Kris Holmes
Foundry Type Solutions
Wingdings 3 sample text
Sample

Wingdings 3 is a TrueType dingbat font distributed with Microsoft Office and some other Microsoft products.[7]

The font was originally developed in 1990 by Type Solutions, Inc. Currently, the copyright holder is Microsoft Corporation. Wingdings 3 consists entirely of arrow variations.

Mosaic of Wingdings 3 characters

Controversy

The "NYC" symbols typed out in Wingdings

In 1992, only days after the release of Windows 3.1, it was discovered that the character sequence "NYC" (a frequently used abbreviation for New York City) in Wingdings was rendered as a skull and crossbones symbol, Star of David, and thumbs up gesture. This was often interpreted as an antisemitic message.[8] Microsoft strongly denied this was intentional, and insisted that the final arrangement of the glyphs in the font was largely random. (The character sequence "NYC" in the later-released Webdings font, in turn, was intentionally rendered as eye, heart, and city skyline, referring to the I Love New York logo.[9])

9/11 attacks

The "Q33 NY" symbols typed out in Wingdings

After September 11, 2001, an email was circulated claiming that entering "Q33 NY", which it claims is the flight number of the first plane to hit the Twin Towers, Wingdings would bring up a character sequence of a plane flying into two towers, followed by the skull and crossbones symbol and the Star of David.[8] This is a hoax: the flight numbers of the two airplanes that hit the towers were American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175; the tail numbers were N334AA and N612UA.

See also

References

  1. ^ Notes on Lucida designs(by Charles Bigelow, November 2005)
  2. ^ Unicode 7.0.0 Pictographic symbols (including many emoji), geometric symbols, arrows, and ornaments originating from the Wingdings and Webdings sets
  3. ^ a b Fonts supplied with Windows 3.1.
  4. ^ Typeface - Google Patent Search
  5. ^ United States Patent: D341848
  6. ^ Wingdings 2 - Version 1.55
  7. ^ Wingdings 3 - Version 1.55
  8. ^ a b "Does Microsoft's Wingdings font includes hidden anti-Semitic and 9/11-referential messages?". snopes.com. 11 December 2005. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  9. ^ MS Denies Wingding Thing, Again|Wired Magazine

External links

  • Wingdings font family information: Wingdings, (Microsoft typography)
  • Mikkelson, Barbara & David P. "Wingdings: Does the Wingdings font contain hidden anti-Semitic codes?" at Snopes.com: Urban Legends Reference Pages.
  • Wingdings character set and equivalent Unicode characters (Alan Wood's Unicode Resources)
  • Glasner, Joanna. "MS Denies Wingding Thing, Again", Wired News. September 22, 2001. Retrieved February 9, 2006.
  • Mikkelson, Barbara and David P. Snopes Urban Legends: "September 11: Wingdings", Snopes.com. December 11, 2005. Retrieved February 9, 2006.
  • Christensen, Brett M. Q33 NY Wingdings Hoax - Elevens and the Wrath of the Eagle, Hoax Slayer. December 2005. Retrieved May 8, 2011.
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