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Wotton-under-Edge

Wotton-under-Edge

Church of St Mary the Virgin, Wotton-under-Edge
Wotton-under-Edge is located in Gloucestershire
Wotton-under-Edge
 Wotton-under-Edge shown within Gloucestershire
Population 5,627 (2011 UK Census)[1]
OS grid reference
District Stroud
Shire county Gloucestershire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WOTTON-UNDER-EDGE
Postcode district GL12
Dialling code 01453
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Cotswold
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire

Wotton-under-Edge is a market town within the Stroud district of Gloucestershire, England. Located near the southern end of the Cotswolds, the Cotswold Way long-distance footpath passes through the town. Standing on the B4058 Wotton is about 5 miles (8.0 km) from the M5 motorway. The nearest railway station is Cam and Dursley, 7 miles (11 km) away by road, on the Bristol to Birmingham line.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Governance 2
  • Facilities 3
  • Gallery 4
  • Notable people 5
  • Further reading 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The first record of the town is in an Anglo-Saxon Royal Charter of King Edmund I, who in AD 940 leased four hides of land in Wudetun to Eadric.[2] The name Wudetun means the enclosure, homestead or village (tun) in or near the wood (wude). The "Edge" refers to the limestone escarpment of the Cotswold Edge which includes the hills of Wotton Hill and Tor Hill that flank the town. "The Edge" has also become a term used by locals to describe the area.[3] In the 1086 Domesday Book listing, Wotton was in the hundred of Dudstone.[4]

Kingswood Abbey was founded in 1139,[5] but all that remains is a 16th-century Cistercian gatehouse. Nearby historical buildings include the Tudor houses of Newark Park and Owlpen Manor. The medieval former public house The Ancient Ram Inn dates back to 1145.[6]

St. Mary the Virgin was consecrated in 1283, and is the oldest and largest church in the town.

The Katharine Lady Berkeley's Grammar School was established in 1384 and is now a comprehensive named Katharine Lady Berkeley's School although the present modern building is a little outside of the town on the way to the village of Kingswood. The British School was established in the village in 1835.

Overlooking the town on the top of Wotton Hill are a collection of trees planted in the 19th century to commemorate the Battle of Waterloo. These are situated on the site that housed one of the early warning beacons used to warn England of the approach of the Spanish Armada in 1588.

A map of Wotton-under-Edge from 1946

New Mills, founded in 1810, prospered by supplying both sides in the Napoleonic wars but after a century of decline the mill was near to closing in 1981 when it was acquired by Renishaw plc.[7]

The town's corporation status was abolished in 1886 following the Municipal Corporations Act of 1883

The Wotton-under-Edge BT Tower formed part of the microwave communication network.

Governance

An electoral ward with the same name exists. The ward mainly covers Wotton-under-Edge but also stretches to North Nibley. The total population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 6,510.[8]

Facilities

In 1958, local people and school students built the town swimming pool, which was completed in 1961. Subsequently the pool has had solar and electric heating installed. In 1999 with the fund raising support of community groups, a retractable enclosure was fitted in order to prolong the swimming season. [9]

In 2002, following the closure of the local cinema, a group of volunteers raised funds for a refurbishment to become one of the first digital cinemas in the UK. It re-opened in 2005 as a 100-seat facility inside an old stable yard, once part of the Crown Inn which closed in 1911. Films were first shown in the old Banqueting Hall of the Inn and moved to the stable yard some years later, due to the popularity of films. The Wotton Electric Picture House (the original name) is now a thriving venue[10]

Gallery

Notable people

Ian MacDonald - music journalist

Further reading

  • E.S. Lindley. Wotton under Edge: Men and Affairs of a Cotswold Wool Town. Published by Museum Press, 1962
  • Simon Herrick. Under the Hill. (1979). ISBN 0-904387-36-4

References

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011.Retrieved 31 March 2015". 
  2. ^ http://ascharters.net/charters/467?q=&page=
  3. ^ "Stroud District Council" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  4. ^ http://opendomesday.org/place/SO8520/wotton/ Open Domesday: Wotton
  5. ^ Kingswood Abbey Deeds
  6. ^ "Stroud District Council" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  7. ^ The Wotton World Beater Management Today
  8. ^ "Ward population 2011.Retrieved 31 March 2015". 
  9. ^ Wotton Swimming Pool Ltd. "Wotton Pool". Wotton Pool. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  10. ^ "Wotton Electric Picture House welcomes 50,000th visitor". Thisisbristol.co.uk. 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 

External links

  • Official website
  • BBC archive film of Wotton-under-Edge from 1977
  • Wotton-under-Edge at DMOZ
  • Electric Picture House Cinema
  • Wotton-under-Edge Swimming Pool
  • Local Garage
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