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Young Poland

Young Poland (Polish: Młoda Polska) was a modernist period in Polish visual arts, literature and music, covering roughly the years between 1890 and 1918. It was a result of strong aesthetic opposition to the earlier ideas of Positivism which followed the suppression of the 1863 January Uprising against the occupying army of Imperial Russia. Młoda Polska promoted trends of decadence, neo-romanticism, symbolism, impressionism and art nouveau.

Contents

  • Philosophy 1
  • Literature 2
  • Music 3
  • Visual Arts 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes and references 6
  • Bibliography 7

Philosophy

Stanisław Wyspiański self-portrait in soft pastel, 1902

The term was coined after a manifesto by Artur Górski, published in 1898 in the Kraków newspaper Życie (Life), and was soon adopted in all of partitioned Poland by analogy to similar terms such as Young Germany, Young Belgium, Young Scandinavia, etc.

Literature

Polish literature of the period was based on two main concepts. The earlier was a typically modernist disillusionment with the bourgeoisie, its life style and its culture. Artists following this concept also believed in decadence, an end of all culture, conflict between humans and their civilization, and the concept of art as the highest value (art for art's sake). Authors who followed this concept included Kazimierz Przerwa-Tetmajer, Stanisław Przybyszewski, Wacław Rolicz-Lieder and Jan Kasprowicz.

A later concept was a continuation of Stefan Żeromski's prose, through social inequality described by Władysław Reymont and Gabriela Zapolska to criticism of Polish society and Polish history by Stanisław Wyspiański.

Writers of this period include also: Wacław Berent, Jan Kasprowicz, Jan Augustyn Kisielewski, Antoni Lange, Jan Lemański, Bolesław Leśmian, Tadeusz Miciński, Andrzej Niemojewski, Franciszek Nowicki, Władysław Orkan, Artur Oppman, Włodzimierz Perzyński, Tadeusz Rittner, Wacław Sieroszewski, Leopold Staff, Kazimierz Przerwa-Tetmajer, Maryla Wolska, and Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński.

Music

In music, the term Young Poland is applied to an informal group of composers that include Alexander Borodin and Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.

Visual Arts

Kazimierz Stabrowski, Peacock. Portrait of Zofia Borucińska, 1908

In the period of Young Poland there were no overwhelming trends in Polish art. The painters and sculptors tried to continue the romantic traditions with new ways of expression popularised abroad. The most influential trend was art nouveau, although Polish artists started to seek also some form of a national style (including styl zakopiański or the Zakopane style). Both sculpture and painting were also heavily influenced by all forms of symbolism.[1]

Prominent Young Poland painters and sculptors include:

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ by Charlotte BentonFiguration/abstraction: stratégies for public sculpture in Europe, 1945-1968
  • Stanisław Wyspiański, biography from the Adam Mickiewicz Institute
  • )The Wedding Reception (WeseleFirst review of
  • Wyspiański’s Herbal
  • Wyspiański’s paintings
  • Wyspiański stained-glasses
  • Kultura polska - Konstanty Laszczka

Bibliography

  • Dobrowolski Tadeusz, Sztuka Młodej Polski, Warszawa 1963.
  • Słownik artystów polskich i obcych w Polsce działających. Malarze, rzeźbiarze, graficy, t. II, Wrocław 1975 (Urszula Leszczyńska).
  • Puciata-Pawłowska Joanna, Konstanty Laszczka, Siedlce 1980.
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