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Five Virtues

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Title: Five Virtues  
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Subject: Five Thieves, Sikh practices, Virtue, Sikhism, Antam Sanskar
Collection: Sikh Terminology, Virtue
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Five Virtues

Part of a series on
Sikh practices and discipline

Five Banis · Five Ks · Five Thieves · Five Virtues · Simran · Sewa · Three pillars · Sikh Rehat Maryada  · Amrit Velā

In Sikhism, the Five Virtues are fundamental qualities which one should develop in order to reach Mukti, or to reunite or merge with God. The Sikh Gurus taught that these positive human qualities were Sat (truth), Daya (compassion), Santokh (contentment), Dharam (discipline), and Vichar (contemplation).

    • Note: Previous entry also mentioned Nimrata (humility), and Pyaar (love), however these are not part of the five fundamental virtues but are derived virtues along with Himmat (courage) and Sehj (grace).


  • Sat 1
  • Santokh 2
  • Daya 3
  • Nimrata 4
  • Pyar 5
  • References 6


Sat is the virtue of truthful living, which means practising "righteousness, honesty, justice, impartiality and fair play."[1]


Santokh, or contentment, is freedom "from ambition, envy, greed and jealousy. Without contentment, it is impossible to acquire peace of mind."[1]


The exercise of Daya, or compassion, involves "considering another's difficulty or sorrow as one's own and helping to relieve it as far as possible. Compassion also includes the overlooking of imperfections and mistakes of others, for to err is human."[1]


Nimrata, translated as "humility", "benevolence" or "humbleness", is the fourth virtue.


Pyar requires Sikhs to be filled with the love of God.


  1. ^ a b c Mansukhani, Gobind Singh (1977). Introduction to Sikhism.  
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