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Identifying Populations Potentially Exposed to Agricultural Pesticides Using Remote Sensing and a Geographic Information System

By Ward, Mary H.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000020114
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Identifying Populations Potentially Exposed to Agricultural Pesticides Using Remote Sensing and a Geographic Information System  
Author: Ward, Mary H.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, United Nations., United Nations. Office for Disarmament Affairs
Collections: Government Library Collection, Disarmament Documents
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: United Nations- Office for Disarmament Affairs (Unoda)

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Ward, M. H. (n.d.). Identifying Populations Potentially Exposed to Agricultural Pesticides Using Remote Sensing and a Geographic Information System. Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Government Reference Publication

Excerpt
Excerpt: Exposure to pesticides has been associated with increased risks of certain cancers, adverse reproductive outcomes, and neurotoxicity among farmers and other pesticide applicators (1?3). Some of the same adverse health effects have also been observed among farmers families and the general population living in agricultural areas (1,2,4?7), although specific exposures were not evaluated in most studies. Farm families and rural residents may be exposed to agricultural pesticides because their residences are adjacent to agricultural land and this type of indirect exposure to pesticides may be significant. Among farmers who applied pesticides in Iowa and North Carolina, between 40 and 50% of farmers homes were within 100 yards of crop fields where pesticides were applied (8). Many rural residents live in small towns that are bordered by agricultural areas. Pesticidespraying applications can result in drift occurring at distances up to 1,000 yards (9?11). Higher levels of pesticides in house dust (12) and higher levels of pesticide metabolites in children (13) were found in homes of agricultural workers as compared to reference homes. The proximity of the homes to crop fields sprayed with pesticides was associated with higher exposure levels.

 

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