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Follow-Up Screening of Lead-Poisoned Children Near an Auto Battery Recycling Plant, Haina, Dominican Republic

By Kaul, Balkrishena

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Book Id: WPLBN0000100464
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Follow-Up Screening of Lead-Poisoned Children Near an Auto Battery Recycling Plant, Haina, Dominican Republic  
Author: Kaul, Balkrishena
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, United Nations., United Nations. Office for Disarmament Affairs
Collections: Government Library Collection, Disarmament Documents
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: United Nations- Office for Disarmament Affairs (Unoda)

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Kaul, B. (n.d.). Follow-Up Screening of Lead-Poisoned Children Near an Auto Battery Recycling Plant, Haina, Dominican Republic. Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Government Reference Publication

Excerpt
Excerpt: In August 1997 we performed a follow-up survey of 146 lead-poisoned children from a community near a previously active auto battery recycling smelter in Haina near Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Our follow-up survey confirmed a severe incidence of elevated blood lead (BPb) and erythrocyte protoporphyrin/zinc protoporphyrin (EP-ZnPP) levels. The mean BPb level was 32 micrograms/dL and the mean EP-ZnPP level was 128 micrograms/dL. The frequency distribution of BPb showed that only 9% of the children had BPb levels below the currently acceptable 10 micrograms/dL threshold level, 23% had between 10 and 19 micrograms/dL, 40% had between 20 and 39 micrograms/dL, 27% had between 40 and 99 micrograms/dL, and the remainder had > 100 micrograms/dL. These findings are significantly greater than the mean BPb and EP-ZnPP levels of 14 and 35 micrograms/dL, respectively, in a comparison group of 63 children in Barsequillo, 4 miles away. BPb frequency distributions for these groups were < 10 micrograms/dL (42%), 10?19 micrograms/dL (32%), and 20?39 micrograms/dL (16%); in the remaining 10%, BPb levels were between 40 and 99 micrograms/dL. Similarly, the corresponding frequency distribution of EP-ZnPP levels in Haina children were proportional to the severity of lead poisoning and significantly higher than those of the Barsequillo comparison group. This study reveals that at least 28% of Haina children require immediate treatment; of these, 5% with lead levels > 70 micrograms/dL are also at risk for severe neurologic sequelae, and urgent action is imperative. Key words: auto batteries, blood lead, Carribean, environmental pollution, erythrocyte protoporphyrin, graphite furnace (AAS), hematofluorometer, iron deficiency, lead poisoning, smelting. Environ Health Perspect 107:917?920 (1999). [19 October 1999].


 

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