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China/Taiwan : Evolution of the One China Policy; Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, And Taipei

By Kan, Shirley A.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000172031
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.3 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008

Title: China/Taiwan : Evolution of the One China Policy; Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, And Taipei  
Author: Kan, Shirley A.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

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Kan, S. A. (n.d.). China/Taiwan : Evolution of the One China Policy; Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, And Taipei. Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Excerpt
Introduction: Questions about the “one China” policy arose again after Lee Teng-hui, then- President of Taiwan (also called the Republic of China (ROC)), characterized cross strait relations as “special state-to-state ties” on July 9, 1999. Beijing responded vehemently with calls for Lee to retract the perceived deviation from the “one China” policy and reiterated longstanding threats to use force if necessary to prevent a declaration of independence by Taiwan. The People’s Republic of China (PRC) also questioned U.S. commitment to the “one China” principle and expressed opposition to any U.S. military intervention. The Clinton Administration responded that Lee’s statement was not helpful and reaffirmed the “one China” policy and opposition to “two Chinas.” Some questioned whether U.S. law, the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA), requires U.S. defense of Taiwan against an attack from the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Congress paid greater attention to arms sales to Taiwan.

Table of Contents
Contents Part I: U.S. Policy on “One China” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Ambiguity in the Key Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Has U.S. Policy Changed? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Sovereignty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Use of Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Cross-Strait Dialogue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Policy Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Part II: Excerpts of Key Statements by Washington, Beijing, and Taipei . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Statements During Nixon Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Henry Kissinger’s Private Meeting with PRC Premier Zhou Enlai . . . 10 Nixon’s Private Talks with Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai . . . . . . . . . 10 U.S.-PRC Joint Communique (Shanghai Communique) . . . . . . . . . . 11 Mao on Use of Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Statements During Ford Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 President Ford’s Address to a Joint Session of Congress . . . . . . . . . 12 Statements During Carter Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 U.S. Statement on Diplomatic Relations Between the United States and the People’s Republic of China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 PRC Statement on Establishing China-U.S. Diplomatic Relations . . . 13 ROC President Chiang Ching-kuo’s Statement on Relations with the United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 PRC’s New Year’s Message to Compatriots in Taiwan . . . . . . . . . . 14 U.S.-PRC Joint Communique on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations (Normalization Communique) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Taiwan Relations Act (TRA), P.L. 96-8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Statements During Reagan Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 PRC Leader Ye Jianying’s Nine-Point Proposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Letter from President Reagan to Vice Chairman Deng Xiaoping . . . . 18 U.S.-PRC Joint Communique on Arms Sales (1982 Communique) . . 18 President Reagan’s Statement on U.S. Arms Sales to Taiwan . . . . . . 19 PRC’s Statement on the Communique . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Republic of China’s Statement and the “Six Assurances” . . . . . . . . . 20 Assistant Secretary of State John Holdridge and Six Assurances . . . . 21 PRC Leader Deng Xiaoping on “One China, Two Systems” . . . . . . . 22 Statements During Bush Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Toast at the Welcoming Banquet in Beijing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Taiwan’s Guidelines for National Unification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Taiwan on the Meaning of “One China” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 President Bush on the Sale of F-16s to Taiwan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Beijing and Taipei Agree to Disagree on “One China” . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Statements During Clinton Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 PRC Premier Li Peng Warns Taiwan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

 

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