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Measuring the Foreign-Born Population in the United States with the Current Population Survey: 1994-2002

By Schmidley, A. Dianne

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Book Id: WPLBN0000583910
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1,205,015 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: Measuring the Foreign-Born Population in the United States with the Current Population Survey: 1994-2002  
Author: Schmidley, A. Dianne
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Census., Census report
Collections: U.S. Census Bureau Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Description
Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt
Excerpt: The estimated size of the foreign-born population of the United States in 2002 was 32.5 million based on data collected in the Current Population Survey (CPS) Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC).2 In absolute terms, this estimate represented an increase of 64.2 percent or 12.7 million over the estimated 19.8 million in the 1990 census, the largest foreign-born population living in the United States since record-keeping began in 1850.3 The challenge of monitoring the welfare of this newly arrived and large foreign-born population has created a demand for statistical information.4 Until 1994, when nativity items were added to the CPS, the decennial census was the sole source of regularly collected information about this group.5 While census data remain a primary source of information about the foreign born for subnational governmental jurisdictions and other small areas, census data are collected only once every ten years and quickly become outdated. In recent years, the American Community Survey (ACS) has become a new source of information. ACS data are collected monthly and tabulated annually, and have been designed to update and eventually replace decennial census sample data.6 The relatively larger ACS sample yields more precise estimates than the CPS, for both subnational geographic areas and foreign-born population subgroups ...

Table of Contents
Table of Contents Introduction page 1.The Current Population Survey and the foreign-born population...............................................................................3 1.1. Purpose of the survey.............................................................................................................................................3 1.2. Selected aspects of the CPS sample design.............................................................................................................3 1.3. CPS sample universe..............................................................................................................................................4 1.4. CPS 2001 sample expansion .................................................................................................................................5 1.5. CPS sample weighting ...........................................................................................................................................5 1.6. Change in population controls ...............................................................................................................................6 2. Conceptualizing and measuring nativity characteristics ...........................................................................................7 2.1. Identifying the foreign-born population .................................................................................................................7 2.2. Defining citizenship status .....................................................................................................................................9 2.2.1. CPS citizenship questions ...................................................................................................................................9 2.2.2. Citizenship status and naturalization..................................................................................................................9 2.3. Year of entry.........................................................................................................................................................10 2.3.1. Len gth of residen ce of the foreign born .............................................................................................................10 2.3.2. Timing issues asso ciated with ?year of entry? or length of residen ce, an d citizenship.......................................12 2.4. The Naturalization Rate.......................................................................................................................................13 2.5. Parental nativity, the foreign-stock population, and the second generation ........................................................14 2.6. P lace of birth, race, an d ethnicity .........................................................................................................................16 3. Data comparability issues ......................................................................................................................................16 3.1. Estimates of the foreign born and sample error....................................................................................................16 3.2. Estimates of the absolute difference and coefficients of variation ........................................................................18 3.3. Non-sampling issues ............................................................................................................................................20 3.4. Consistency with 1990 Decennial Census Data....................................................................................................20 3.4.1. Known Differences in the CPS Foreign-Born Estimates with 1990 Census Data .............................................20 3.4.2. Co nsistency by Country of Origin and Period of Entry .....................................................................................20 3.5. Consistency with Census 2000 Data .....................................................................................................................21 3.5.1. Census 2000 nativity da t a .................................................................................................................................21 3.5.2 Census 2000 results and CPS 2000 results ........................................................................................................21 Conclusions ................................................................................................................................................................22

 

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