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Authority in the Modern State

By Laski, Harold J.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000660471
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1,012.35 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Authority in the Modern State  
Author: Laski, Harold J.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Political science., Economics and literature, Economic & political studies series
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Archive for the History of Economic Thought

Citation

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Laski, H. J. (n.d.). Authority in the Modern State. Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Economic Theory Literature

Excerpt
Excerpt: Chapter One. Authority in the Modern State. I. The Origins of the Modern State. Man is a community-building animal: it is by reverent contact with Aristotle?s fundamental observation that every political discussion must now begin. We start with the one compulsory form of human association?the state?as the centre of analysis. Yet there are few subjects upon which enquiry is so greatly needed as upon the mechanisms by which it lives. Outside our state-context we are, after all, largely unintelligible, must be, as Aristotle so scornfully proclaimed, beasts or gods who defy interpretation. Even in birth we inherit the qualities of unnumbered generations so that a bias is present before ever it has obtained expression. This emphasis upon state-life has become more vital as the scale of existence has become progressively greater. To the unity of interdependence, at least, the world has been reduced, so that, today, the whim of a New York millionaire may well affect the lives of thousands in the cotton-mills of Bombay.

Table of Contents
Contents Chapter One: Authority in the Modern State ....................................................................................... 5 I. The Origins of the Modern State ...................................................................................................... 5 II. State and Government..................................................................................................................... 8 III. The Nature of Obedience.............................................................................................................. 11 IV. The Limitations of Power .............................................................................................................. 15 V. The Attack on the Secular State .................................................................................................... 20 VI. The Division of Power ................................................................................................................... 28 VII. The Organisation of Power ......................................................................................................... 33 VIII. The Significance of Freedom ..................................................................................................... 37 IX. The Direction of Events ................................................................................................................ 47 X. Conclusion ...................................................................................................................................... 52 Chapter Two: Bonald ............................................................................................................................ 59 I. The Implication of Theocracy .......................................................................................................... 59 II. The Basis of Traditionalism .......................................................................................................... 61 III. The Political Theory of Bonald ..................................................................................................... 63 IV. The Attack on the Individual ........................................................................................................ 66 V. Implications of the Attack .............................................................................................................. 69 VI. The Religious Aspect of the State ................................................................................................ 75 VII. Criticisms .................................................................................................................................... 77 VIII. The Revival of Traditionalism ................................................................................................... 80 IX. The Traditionalism of M. BrunetiŠre ........................................................................................... 82 X. The Traditionalism of M. Bourget ................................................................................................. 85 XI. The Significance of Variety ........................................................................................................... 90 Chapter Three: Lamennais .................................................................................................................. 94 I. The Problem of Lamennais ............................................................................................................. 94 II. The Church in the Napoleonic Age ............................................................................................... 94 III. Early Ultramontanism ................................................................................................................. 98 IV. The Glorification of Rome ........................................................................................................... 101 V. The Attack on the Secular State .................................................................................................. 106 VI. The Transition to Liberalism ..................................................................................................... 110 VII. The Foundation of L?Avenir ....................................................................................................... 112 VII. The Appeal to Rome................................................................................................................... 117 IX. The Condemnation ...................................................................................................................... 119 X. The Red Cap on the Cross ............................................................................................................ 123 XI. Implications................................................................................................................................ 124 XII. The Inheritance ......................................................................................................................... 128 XIII. Conclusion ............................................................................................................................... 135 Chapter Four: The Political Theory of Royer-Collard ....................................................................... 141 I. The Significance of the Restoration.............................................................................................. 141 II. The Theory of the Charter ........................................................................................................... 144 III. Necessary Freedoms ................................................................................................................... 147 IV. Implications ................................................................................................................................ 151 V. Ethics and Politics ........................................................................................................................ 155 Chapter Five: Administrative Syndicalism in France1 .................................................................... 162 I. The Right of Association................................................................................................................ 162 II. The Complaints of the Civil Service ........................................................................................... 165

 

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