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Corona : America's First Satellite Program

By Mcdonald, J. Kenneth

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Book Id: WPLBN0000701029
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 18.43 MB.
Reproduction Date: 2006

Title: Corona : America's First Satellite Program  
Author: Mcdonald, J. Kenneth
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, CIA research reports, National security.
Collections: CIA Documents Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: Central Intelegence Agent


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Mcdonald, J. K. (n.d.). Corona : America's First Satellite Program. Retrieved from

Excerpt: Since the CORONA satellite made its first successful flight in August 1960, the Intelligence Community?s overhead reconnaissance programs have been among the nation?s most closely guarded secrets. The end of the Cold War, however, has at last made it possible to declassify both information and imagery from the first American satellite systems of the 1960s. To do this, President William Clinton in February of this year ordered the declassification within 18 months of historical intelligence imagery from the early satellite systems known as the CORONA, ARGON, and LANYARD. Because the President?s Executive Order 1295 1 (see appendix) envisions scientific and environmental uses for this satellite imagery, the declassified photographs will be transferred to the National Archives with a copy sent to the US Geological Survey. Vice President Albert Gore, who first urged the Intelligence Community to open up its early imagery for environmental studies, unveiled the first CORONA satellite photographs for the American press and public at CIA Headquarters on 24 February 1995. To mark this new initiative, CIA?s Center for the Study of Intelligence and the Space Policy Institute at George Washington University are cosponsoring a conference, ?Piercing the Curtain: CORONA and the Revolution in Intelligence,? in Washington on 23-24 May 1995. On the occasion of this conference, the CIA History Staff is publishing this collection of newly declassified documents and imagery from the CORONA program. This is the fourth volume in the CIA Cold War Records Series, which began in 1992 when Director of Central Intelligence Robert Gates launched CIA?s Openness Policy and reorganized the Center for the Study of Intelligence to include both the History Staff and a new Historical Review Group to declassify historically important CIA records. The editor of this new volume, Dr. Kevin C. Ruffner, has an A.B. from the College of William and Mary and an M.A. in history from the University of Virginia. He joined the CIA History Staff in 199 1, soon after he received his Ph.D. in American Studies from George Washington University.

Table of Contents
Table of Contents: PaRe -- Foreword xi -- Preface -- x111 -- Part I: History of Corona Program 1 -- 1. Kenneth E. Greer, ?Corona,? Studies in Intelligence, Supplement -- 17 (Spring 1973): l-37. -- 3 -- Part II: The Committee on Overhead Reconnaissance -- 2. Director of Central Intelligence Directive, Committee on -- Overhead Reconnaissance (COMOR), 9 August 1960 -- 3. Col. James E. Mahon, JCS to COMOR, ?Urgent Requirements for -- Corona and Argon,? 18 August 1960 -- 4. James Q. Reber, ?List of Highest Priority Targets, USSR,? -- 18 August 1960 -- 41. James Q. Reber, Memorandum of Agreement, ?Procedures for the -- Handling of T-KH Materials,? 22 August 1960 -- 59 -- 6. James Q. Reber, Memorandum for Brig. Gen. Andrew J. Goodpaster, 63 -- ?Categories of Billets Planned for T-KH Certification,? -- 26 August 1960 I -- 7. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Memorandum for the Secretary -- of State, et al., 26 August 1960 -- 75 -- 8. James Q. Reber, Memorandum for US Intelligence Board Members, 77 -- ?Talent-Keyhole Certification Plans,? 27 August 1960 -- 9. James 0. Reber, ?Minutes of COMOR Meeting,? 13 September 1960 79 -- 10. James Q. Reber, Memorandum for US Intelligence Board, 83 -- ?Proposed Expansion of Billets for the Exploitation and -- Use of TWENT-KEYHOLE Materials and Information,? -- 14 September 1960 -- 11. James Q. Reber, Memorandum for US Intelligence Board -- ?Amendment to ?Proposed Expansion of Billets for the -- Exploitation and Use of Talent-Keyhole Materials and -- Information,?? 14 October 1960 -- 12. Allen W. Dulles, Memorandum for Brig. Gen. -- Andrew J. Goodpaster, ?Proposed Additional Billets -- for the Talent-Keyhole Security System,? 19 October 1960


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