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Trends and Developments in Warsaw Pact Theater Forces and Doctrine through the 1990S

By Central Intelegence Agent

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Book Id: WPLBN0000701855
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.19 MB.
Reproduction Date: 2006

Title: Trends and Developments in Warsaw Pact Theater Forces and Doctrine through the 1990S  
Author: Central Intelegence Agent
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, CIA research reports, National security.
Collections: CIA Documents Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: Central Intelegence Agent


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Agent, C. I. (n.d.). Trends and Developments in Warsaw Pact Theater Forces and Doctrine through the 1990S. Retrieved from

Excerpt: Key Judgments; We judge that the Soviet leadership's security policies will produce, during the period of this Estimate, the most significant changes in Soviet general purpose forces since Khrushchev's drastic force reductions. We further assess these policies are designed primarily to help the Soviet leadership revitalize the Soviet economy by shifting resources from defense to civilian sectors. We also believe decisions already undertaken signal a sharp divergence from existing force development trends, and they have necessitated a dramatic alteration in our forecast of future Soviet general purpose forces. When Gorbachev came to power in 1985, he inherited a technologically backward economy that had experienced a decade of slowing growth characterized by industrial bottlenecks, labor and energy shortages, low and declining labor productivity, and decreasing efficiency of capital investment. Almost immediately after becoming General Secretary, he began to establish the political and ideological foundation for imposing his own priorities for resource allocations, clearly signaling a more intense competition between civilian and military needs. In doing so, he reaffirmed the traditional party authority for formulating military doctrine, which the Brezhnev regime had allowed to become dominated by the professional military hierarchy. Promoted a debate carried out in doctrinal terms over reasonable sufficiency and defensive sufficiency, but which reflects a more fundamental examination of How much is enough? for defense. Attempted to dampen demand for defense spending by using arms control forums and foreign policy initiatives to reduce external threats. Broadened the Soviet concept of national security as part of the new thinking policy to give greater weight to its economic and political components. Embraced vigorously the position adopted by previous Soviet leaders that the impossibility of victory in nuclear war is basic to the political dimension of Soviet military doctrine, and that the pursuit of capabilities associated with achieving victory is too elusive and costly.


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