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Plos Genetics : Gene Duplication and Adaptive Evolution of Digestive Proteases in Drosophila Arizonae Female Reproductive Tracts, Volume 3

By Malik, Harmit S.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003924536
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Genetics : Gene Duplication and Adaptive Evolution of Digestive Proteases in Drosophila Arizonae Female Reproductive Tracts, Volume 3  
Author: Malik, Harmit S.
Volume: Volume 3
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Genetics
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, PLoS Genetics
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Malik, H. S. (n.d.). Plos Genetics : Gene Duplication and Adaptive Evolution of Digestive Proteases in Drosophila Arizonae Female Reproductive Tracts, Volume 3. Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


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Description : It frequently has been postulated that intersexual coevolution between the male ejaculate and the female reproductive tract is a driving force in the rapid evolution of reproductive proteins. The dearth of research on female tracts, however, presents a major obstacle to empirical tests of this hypothesis. Here, we employ a comparative EST approach to identify 241 candidate female reproductive proteins in Drosophila arizonae, a repleta group species in which physiological ejaculate–female coevolution has been documented. Thirty-one of these proteins exhibit elevated amino acid substitution rates, making them candidates for molecular coevolution with the male ejaculate. Strikingly, we also discovered 12 unique digestive proteases whose expression is specific to the D. arizonae lower female reproductive tract. These enzymes belong to classes most commonly found in the gastrointestinal tracts of a diverse array of organisms. We show that these proteases are associated with recent, lineage-specific gene duplications in the Drosophila repleta species group, and exhibit strong signatures of positive selection. Observation of adaptive evolution in several female reproductive tract proteins indicates they are active players in the evolution of reproductive tract interactions. Additionally, pervasive gene duplication, adaptive evolution, and rapid acquisition of a novel digestive function by the female reproductive tract points to a novel coevolutionary mechanism of ejaculate–female interaction.

 

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