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Plos Genetics : Identification, Replication, and Fine-mapping of Loci Associated with Adult Height in Individuals of African Ancestry, Volume 7

By Visscher, Peter M.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003931679
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Genetics : Identification, Replication, and Fine-mapping of Loci Associated with Adult Height in Individuals of African Ancestry, Volume 7  
Author: Visscher, Peter M.
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Genetics
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), PLoS Genetics
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Visscher, P. M. (n.d.). Plos Genetics : Identification, Replication, and Fine-mapping of Loci Associated with Adult Height in Individuals of African Ancestry, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description : Adult height is a classic polygenic trait of high heritability (h2 ,0.8). More than 180 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), identified mostly in populations of European descent, are associated with height. These variants convey modest effects and explain ,10% of the variance in height. Discovery efforts in other populations, while limited, have revealed loci for height not previously implicated in individuals of European ancestry. Here, we performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association (GWA) results for adult height in 20,427 individuals of African ancestry with replication in up to 16,436 African Americans. We found two novel height loci (Xp22-rs12393627, P = 3.4610212 and 2p14-rs4315565, P = 1.261028). As a group, height associations discovered in European-ancestry samples replicate in individuals of African ancestry (P = 1.761024 for overall replication). Fine-mapping of the European height loci in African-ancestry individuals showed an enrichment of SNPs that are associated with expression of nearby genes when compared to the index European height SNPs (P,0.01). Our results highlight the utility of genetic studies in non-European populations to understand the etiology of complex human diseases and traits.


 

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