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Plos One : Dispersal Capacity and Genetic Structure of Arapaima Gigas on Different Geographic Scales Using Microsatellite Markers, Volume 7

By Laudet, Vincent

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Book Id: WPLBN0003936344
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Dispersal Capacity and Genetic Structure of Arapaima Gigas on Different Geographic Scales Using Microsatellite Markers, Volume 7  
Author: Laudet, Vincent
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Laudet, V. (n.d.). Plos One : Dispersal Capacity and Genetic Structure of Arapaima Gigas on Different Geographic Scales Using Microsatellite Markers, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


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Description : Despite the ecological and economic importance of the Arapaima gigas (Cuvier 1817), few data about its dispersal capacity are available. The present study was based on the analysis of microsatellite markers in order to estimate the dispersal capacity of the species on fine, meso, and large geographic scales. For this, 561 specimens obtained from stocks separated by distances of up to 25 km (fine scale), 100 km (meso scale), and 1300–2300 km (large scale) were analyzed. The fine scale analysis indicated a marked genetic similarity between lakes, with low genetic differentiation, and significant differences between only a few pairs of sites. Low to moderate genetic differentiation was observed between pairs of sites on a meso scale (100 km), which could be explained by the distances between sites. By contrast, major genetic differentiation was recorded in the large scale analysis, that is, between stocks separated by distances of over 1300 km, with the analysis indicating that differentiation was not related solely to distance. The genetic structuring analysis indicated the presence of two stocks, one represented by the arapaimas of the Mamiraua´ Reserve, and the other by those of Santare´m and Tucuruı´. The dispersal of arapaimas over short distances indicates a process of lateral migration within the va´rzea floodplains, which may be the principal factor determining the considerable homogeneity observed among the va´rzea lakes. The populations separated by distances of approximately 100 km were characterized by reduced genetic differentiation, which was associated with the geographic distances between sites. Populations separated by distances of over 1300 km were characterized by a high degree of genetic differentiation, which may be related primarily to historical bottlenecks in population size and the sedentary behavior of the species. Evidence was found of asymmetric gene flow, resulting in increasing genetic variability in the population of the Mamiraua´ Reserve.

 

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