World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Plos One : Comparative Spatial Dynamics of Japanese Encephalitis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Nepal, Volume 8

By Noor, Abdisalan, Mohamed

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003945640
Format Type: PDF eBook :
File Size:
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Comparative Spatial Dynamics of Japanese Encephalitis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Nepal, Volume 8  
Author: Noor, Abdisalan, Mohamed
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos


APA MLA Chicago

Noor, A. M. (n.d.). Plos One : Comparative Spatial Dynamics of Japanese Encephalitis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Nepal, Volume 8. Retrieved from

Description : Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is a vector-borne disease of major importance in Asia. Recent increases in cases have spawned the development of more stringent JE surveillance. Due to the difficulty of making a clinical diagnosis, increased tracking of common symptoms associated with JE—generally classified as the umbrella term, acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) has been developed in many countries. In Nepal, there is some debate as to what AES cases are, and how JE risk factors relate to AES risk. Three parts of this analysis included investigating the temporal pattern of cases, examining the age and vaccination status patterns among AES surveillance data, and then focusing on spatial patterns of risk factors. AES and JE cases from 2007–2011 reported at a district level (n = 75) were examined in relation to landscape risk factors. Landscape pattern indices were used to quantify landscape patterns associated with JE risk. The relative spatial distribution of landscape risk factors were compared using geographically weighted regression. Pattern indices describing the amount of irrigated land edge density and the degree of landscape mixing for irrigated areas were positively associated with JE and AES, while fragmented forest measured by the number of forest patches were negatively associated with AES and JE. For both JE and AES, the local GWR models outperformed global models, indicating spatial heterogeneity in risks. Temporally, the patterns of JE and AES risk were almost identical: suggesting the relative higher caseload of AES compared to JE could provide a valuable earlywarning signal for JE surveillance and reduce diagnostic testing costs. Overall, the landscape variables associated with a high degree of landscape mixing and small scale irrigated agriculture were positively linked to JE and AES risk, highlighting the importance of integrating land management policies, disease prevention strategies and promoting healthy sustainable livelihoods in both rural and urban-fringe developing areas.


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Plos One : Default-mode Network Changes ... (by )
  • Plos One : on the Specificity of Heparin... (by )
  • Plos One : Plasma-derived Exosomal Survi... (by )
  • Plos One : Longer Sleep – Slimmer Kids ;... (by )
  • Plos One : Experimental Gingivitis Induc... (by )
  • Plos One : a Baculovirus Immediate-early... (by )
  • Plos One : Careful Selection of Referenc... (by )
  • Plos One : Pleckstrin Homology Domain of... (by )
  • Plos One : Mir-206 Regulates Pulmonary A... (by )
  • Plos One : the Srna Ryhb Regulates the S... (by )
  • Plos One : Mir-7 Triggers Cell Cycle Arr... (by )
  • Plos One : Host Identity Matters in the ... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.