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Plos One : Low Control Over Palatable Food Intake in Rats is Associated with Habitual Behavior and Relapse Vulnerability ; Individual Differences, Volume 8

By Gaetani, Silvana

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Book Id: WPLBN0003951548
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Low Control Over Palatable Food Intake in Rats is Associated with Habitual Behavior and Relapse Vulnerability ; Individual Differences, Volume 8  
Author: Gaetani, Silvana
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Gaetani, S. (n.d.). Plos One : Low Control Over Palatable Food Intake in Rats is Associated with Habitual Behavior and Relapse Vulnerability ; Individual Differences, Volume 8. Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description : The worldwide obesity epidemic poses an enormous and growing threat to public health. However, the neurobehavioral mechanisms of overeating and obesity are incompletely understood. It has been proposed that addiction-like processes may underlie certain forms of obesity, in particular those associated with binge eating disorder. To investigate the role of addiction-like processes in obesity, we adapted a model of cocaine addiction-like behavior in rats responding for highly palatable food. Here, we tested whether rats responding for highly palatable chocolate Ensure would come to show three criteria of addiction-like behavior, i.e., high motivation, continued seeking despite signaled non-availability and persistence of seeking despite aversive consequences. We also investigated whether exposure to a binge model (a diet consisting of alternating periods of limited food access and access to highly palatable food), promotes the appearance of food addiction-like behavior. Our data show substantial individual differences in control over palatable food seeking and taking, but no distinct subgroup of animals showing addiction-like behavior could be identified. Instead, we observed a wide range extending from low to very high control over palatable food intake. Exposure to the binge model did not affect control over palatable food seeking and taking, however. Animals that showed low control over palatable food intake (i.e., scored high on the three criteria for addiction-like behavior) were less sensitive to devaluation of the food reward and more prone to food-induced reinstatement of extinguished responding, indicating that control over palatable food intake is associated with habitual food intake and vulnerability to relapse. In conclusion, we present an animal model to assess control over food seeking and taking. Since diminished control over food intake is a major factor in the development of obesity, understanding its behavioral and neural underpinnings may facilitate improved management of the obesity epidemic.

 

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