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Plos One : Transcriptomic Analysis of Insulin-sensitive Tissues from Anti-diabetic Drug Treated Zdf Rats, a T2Dm Animal Model, Volume 8

By Musabayane, Cephas Tagumirwa

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Book Id: WPLBN0003968926
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Transcriptomic Analysis of Insulin-sensitive Tissues from Anti-diabetic Drug Treated Zdf Rats, a T2Dm Animal Model, Volume 8  
Author: Musabayane, Cephas Tagumirwa
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Musabayane, C. T. (n.d.). Plos One : Transcriptomic Analysis of Insulin-sensitive Tissues from Anti-diabetic Drug Treated Zdf Rats, a T2Dm Animal Model, Volume 8. Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


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Description : Gene expression changes have been associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM): however, the alterations are not fully understood. We investigated the effects of anti-diabetic drugs on gene expression in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats using oligonucleotide microarray technology to identify gene expression changes occurring in T2DM. Global gene expression in the pancreas, adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, and liver was profiled from Zucker lean control (ZLC) and anti-diabetic drug treated ZDF rats compared with those in ZDF rats. We showed that anti-diabetic drugs regulate the expression of a large number of genes. We provided a more integrated view of the diabetic changes by examining the gene expression networks. The resulting sub-networks allowed us to identify several biological processes that were significantly enriched by the antidiabetic drug treatment, including oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), systemic lupus erythematous, and the chemokine signaling pathway. Among them, we found that white adipose tissue from ZDF rats showed decreased expression of a set of OXPHOS genes that were normalized by rosiglitazone treatment accompanied by rescued blood glucose levels. In conclusion, we suggest that alterations in OXPHOS gene expression in white adipose tissue may play a role in the pathogenesis and drug mediated recovery of T2DM through a comprehensive gene expression network study after multidrug treatment of ZDF rats.

 

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