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The Influence of the Circulation on Surface Temperature and Precipitation Patterns Over Europe* : Volume 5, Issue 1 (24/02/2009)

By Jones, P. D.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003972307
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 21
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: The Influence of the Circulation on Surface Temperature and Precipitation Patterns Over Europe* : Volume 5, Issue 1 (24/02/2009)  
Author: Jones, P. D.
Volume: Vol. 5, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Climate, Past
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2009
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Jones, P. D., & Lister, D. H. (2009). The Influence of the Circulation on Surface Temperature and Precipitation Patterns Over Europe* : Volume 5, Issue 1 (24/02/2009). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK. The atmospheric circulation clearly has an important influence on variations in surface temperature and precipitation. In this study we illustrate the spatial patterns of variation that occur for the principal circulation patterns across Europe in the standard four seasons. We use an existing classification scheme of surface pressure patterns, with the aim of considering whether the patterns of influence of specific weather types have changed over the course of the 20th century. We consider whether the long-term warming across Europe is associated with more favourable weather types or related to warming within some of the weather types. The results indicate that the latter is occurring, but not all circulation types show warming. The study also illustrates that certain circulation types can lead to marked differences in temperature and/or precipitation for relatively closely positioned sites when the sites are located in areas of high relief or near coasts.

Summary
The influence of the circulation on surface temperature and precipitation patterns over Europe*

Excerpt
Alexander, L. V. and Jones, P. D.: Updated precipitation series for the United Kingdom, Atmos. Sci. Lett., 1, 142–150, 2001.; Ansell, T. J., Jones, P. D., Allan, R. J., Lister, D., Parker, D. E., Brunet, M., Moberg, A., Jacobeit, J., Brohan, P., Rayner, N. A., Aguilar, E., Alexandersson, H., Barriendos, M., Brandsma, T., Cox, N. J., Della-Marta, P. M., Drebs, A., Founda, D., Gerstengarbe, F., Hickey, K., Jonsson, T., Luterbacher, J., Nordli, A., Oesterle, H., Petrakis, M., Philipp, A., Rodwell, M. J., Saladie, O., Sigro, J., Slonosky,  V., Srnec, L., Swail, V., Garcia-Suarez, A. M., Tuomenvirta, H., Wang, X., Wanner, H., Werner, P., Wheeler, D., Xoplaki, E.: Daily mean sea level pressure reconstructions for the European – North Atlantic region for the period 1850–2003, J. Climate, 19, 2717–2742, 2006.; Beck, C., Jacobeit, J., and Jones, P. D.: Frequency and within-type variations of large-scale circulation types and their effects on low-frequency climate variability in Central Europe since 1780, Int. J. Climatol., 27, 473–491, 2007.; Hess, P. and Brezowsky, H.: Katalog der Grossweterlagen Europas 1881-1976. 3e verbesserte und ergänzie Auflage, Berichte des Deutschen Wetterdienstes 113, Offenbach, Germany, 70 pp., 1977.; Hurrell, J. W.: Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: regional temperatures and precipitation, Science, 269, 676–679, 1995.; Jones, P. D., Horton, E. B., Folland, C. K., Hulme, M., and Parker, D. E.: The use of indices to identify changes in climatic extremes, Clim. Change, 42, 131–149, 1999.; Jones, P. D., Osborn, T. J., and Briffa, K. R.: Pressure-based measures of the NAO: A comparison and an assessment of changes in the strength of the NAO and in its influence on surface climate parameters, in: North Atlantic Oscillation, edited by: Hurrell, J. W., Kushnir, Y., Ottersen, G., and Visbeck, M., American Geophysical Union, Washington DC, 51–62, 2003.; Klok, L. and Klein Tank, A. M. G.: Updated and extended European dataset of daily climate observations, Int. J. Climatol., 29, , doi:10.1002/joc.1779, 2008.; Lamb, H. H.: Types and spells of weather around the year in the British Isles, Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 76, 393–438, 1950.; Lamb, H. H.: British Isles weather types and a register of the daily sequence of circulation patterns, 1861-1971. Geophysical Memoir, 116, HMSO, London, 85 pp., 1972.; Moberg, A., Jones, P. D., Lister, D. H., Walther, A., Brunet, M., Jacobeit, J., Alexander, L. V., Della-Marta, P. M., Luterbacher, J., Yiou, P., Chen, D., Klein-Tank, A. M. G., Saladié, O., Sigró, J., Aguilar, E., Alexandersson, H., Almarza, C., Auer, I., Barriendos, M., Begert, M., Bergström, H., Böhm, R., Butler, C.J., Caesar, J., Drebs, A., Founda, D., Gerstengarbe, F.-W., Micela, G., Maugeri, M., Öesterle, H., Pandzic, K., Petrakis, M., Srnec, L., Tolasz, R., Tuomenvirta, H., Werner, P. C., Linderholm, H., Philipp, A., Wanner, H., and Xoplaki, E.: Indices for daily temperature and precipitation extremes in Europe analyzed for the period 1901–2000, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D22106, doi:10.1029/2006/JD007103, 2006.; Osborn, T. J. and Jones, P. D.: Air flow influences on local climate: observed United Kingdom climate variations, Atmos. Sci. Lett., 1, 62–74, 2000.; Parker, D. E., Legg, T. P., and Folland, C. K.: A new daily Central England temperature series, 1772–1991, Int. J. Climatol., 12, 317–342, 1992.; Philipp, A., Della-Marta, P. M., Jacobeit, J., Fereday, D. R., Jones, P. D., Moberg, A., and Wanner, H.: Long-term variability of daily North Atlantic-European pressure patterns since 1850 classified by simulated annealing clustering, J. Climate, 20, 4065–4095, 2007.; Trenberth, K. E., Jones, P. D., Ambenje, P., Bojariu, R., Easterling, D., Klein Tank, A., Parker, D., Rahimzadeh, F., Renwick, J. A., Rusticucci, M., Soden, B., and Zhai, P.: Observations: Surface and Atmospheric Climate Change, in: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group 1 to the

 

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