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Optical Properties and Bioavailability of Dissolved Organic Matter Along a Flow-path Continuum from Soil Pore Waters to the Kolyma River, Siberia : Volume 12, Issue 15 (06/08/2015)

By Frey, K. E.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003972373
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 27
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Optical Properties and Bioavailability of Dissolved Organic Matter Along a Flow-path Continuum from Soil Pore Waters to the Kolyma River, Siberia : Volume 12, Issue 15 (06/08/2015)  
Author: Frey, K. E.
Volume: Vol. 12, Issue 15
Language: English
Subject: Science, Biogeosciences, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Mann, P. J., Sobczak, W. V., Frey, K. E., & Holmes, R. M. (2015). Optical Properties and Bioavailability of Dissolved Organic Matter Along a Flow-path Continuum from Soil Pore Waters to the Kolyma River, Siberia : Volume 12, Issue 15 (06/08/2015). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Graduate School of Geography, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts 01610, USA. The Kolyma River in Northeast Siberia is among the six largest arctic rivers and drains a region underlain by vast deposits of Holocene-aged peat and Pleistocene-aged loess known as yedoma, most of which is currently stored in ice-rich permafrost throughout the region. These peat and yedoma deposits are important sources of dissolved organic matter (DOM) to inland waters that in turn play a significant role in the transport and ultimate remineralization of organic carbon to CO2 and CH4 along the terrestrial flow-path continuum. The turnover and fate of terrigenous DOM during offshore transport will largely depend upon the composition and amount of carbon released to inland and coastal waters. Here, we measured the optical properties of chromophoric DOM (CDOM) from a geographically extensive collection of waters spanning soil pore waters, streams, rivers, and the Kolyma River mainstem throughout a ∼ 250 km transect of the northern Kolyma River basin. During the period of study, CDOM absorbance values were found to be robust proxies for the concentration of DOM, whereas additional CDOM parameters such as spectral slopes (S) were found to be useful indicators of DOM quality along the flow-path. In particular, CDOM absorption at 254 nm showed a strong relationship with dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations across all water types (r2 = 0.958, p < 0.01). The spectral slope ratio (SR) of CDOM demonstrated statistically significant differences between all four water types and tracked changes in the concentration of bioavailable DOC, suggesting that this parameter may be suitable for clearly discriminating shifts in organic matter characteristics among water types along the full flow-path continuum across this landscape. The heterogeneity of environmental characteristics and extensive continuous permafrost of the Kolyma River basin combine to make this a critical region to investigate and monitor. With ongoing and future permafrost degradation, peat and yedoma deposits throughout the Northeast Siberian region will become more hydrologically active, providing greater amounts of DOM to fluvial networks and ultimately to the Arctic Ocean. The ability to rapidly and comprehensively monitor shifts in the quantity and quality of DOM across the landscape is therefore critical for understanding potential future feedbacks on the arctic carbon cycle.

Summary
Optical properties and bioavailability of dissolved organic matter along a flow-path continuum from soil pore waters to the Kolyma River, Siberia

Excerpt
Battin, T. J., Kaplan, L. A., Findlay, S., Hopkinson, C. S., Marti, E., Packman, A. I., Newbold, J. D., and Sabater, F.: Biophysical controls on organic carbon fluxes in fluvial networks, Nat. Geosci., 1, 95–100, 2009a.; Battin, T. J., Luyssaert, S., Kaplan, L. A., Aufdenkampe, A. K., Richter, A., and Tranvik, L. J.: The boundless carbon cycle, Nat. Geosci., 2, 598–600, 2009b.; Blough, N. V. and Del Vecchio, R.: Chromophoric DOM in the coastal environment, in: Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, edited by: Hansell, D. A. and Carlson, C. A., Elsevier, San Diego, California, 509–546, 2002.; Bronk, D. A.: Dynamics of DON, in: Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, edited by: Hansell, D. A. and Carlson, C. A., Academic Press, San Diego, 153–249, 2002.; Chin, Y. P., Traina, S. J., Swank, C. R., and Backhus, D.: Abundance and properties of dissolved organicmatter in pore waters of a freshwater wetland, Limnol. Oceanogr., 43, 1287–1296, 1998.; Cole, J. J., Prairie, Y. T., Caraco, N. F., McDowell, W. H., Tranvik, L. J., Striegl, R. G., Duarte, C. M., Kortelainen, P., Downing, J. A., Middelburg, J. J., and Melack, J.: Plumbing the global carbon cycle: integrating inland waters into the terrestrial carbon budget, Ecosystems, 10, 171–184, 2007.; Denfeld, B. A., Frey, K. E., Sobczak, W. V., Mann, P. J., and Holmes, R. M.: Summer CO2 evasion from streams and rivers in the Kolyma River basin, north-east Siberia, Polar. Res., 32, 19704, doi:10.3402/polar.v32i0.19704, 2013.; Fellman, J. B., Spencer, R. G. M., Hernes, P. J., Edwards, R. T., D'Amore, D. V., and Hood, E.: The impact of glacier runoff on the biodegradability and biochemical composition of terrigenous dissolved organic matter in near-shore marine ecosystems, Mar. Chem., 121, 112–122, 2010.; Fellman, J. B., Spencer, R. G. M., Raymond, P. A., Pettit, N. E., Skrzypek, G., Hernes, P. J., and Grierson, P. F.: Dissolved organic carbon biolability decreases along with its modernization in fluvial networks in an ancient landscape, Ecology, 95, 2622–2632, 2014.; Fichot, C. G., Kaiser, K., Hooker, S. B., Zmon, R. M. W., Babin, M., Belanger, S., Walker, S. A., and Benner, R.: Pan–Arctic distributions of continental runoff in the Arctic Ocean, Scientific Reports, 3, 1053, doi:10.1038/srep01053, 2013.; Frey, K. E. and McClelland, J. W.: Impacts of permafrost degradation on arctic river biogeochemistry, Hydrol. Process., 23, 169–182, 2009.; Frey, K. E. and Smith, L. C.: Amplified carbon release from vast West Siberian peatlands by 2100, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L09401, doi:10.1029/2004GL022025, 2005.; Frey, K. E., Siegel, D. I., and Smith, L. C.: Geochemistry of West Siberian streams and their potential response to permafrost degradation, Water Resour. Res., 43, W03406, doi:10.1029/2006WR004902, 2007.; Green, S. A. and Blough, N. V.: Optical absorption and fluorescence properties of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in natural waters, Limnol. Oceanogr., 39, 1903–1916, 1994.; Hayes, D. J., Kicklighter, D. W., McGuire, A. D., Chen, M., Zhuang, Q. L., Yuan, F. M., Melillo, J. M., and Wullschleger, S. D.: The impacts of recent permafrost thaw on land–atmosphere greenhouse gas exchange, Environ. Res. Lett., 9, 045005, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/4/045005, 2014.; Helms, J. R., Stubbins, A., Ritchie, J. D., Minor, E. C., Kieber, D. J., and Mopper, K.: Absorption spectral slopes and slope ratios as indicators of molecular weight, source, and photobleaching of chromophoric dissolved organic matter, Limnol. Oceanogr, 53, 955–969, 2008.; Hernes, P. J., Spencer, R. G. M., Dyda, R. Y., Pellerin, B. A., Bachand, P. A. M., and Bergamaschi

 

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