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Coastal Sea Responses to Atmospheric Forcings at Two Different Resolutions : Volume 8, Issue 2 (12/04/2011)

By Klaić, Z. B.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003973773
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 28
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Coastal Sea Responses to Atmospheric Forcings at Two Different Resolutions : Volume 8, Issue 2 (12/04/2011)  
Author: Klaić, Z. B.
Volume: Vol. 8, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2011
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Pasarić, Z., Oddo, P., Paklar, G. B., & Klaić, Z. B. (2011). Coastal Sea Responses to Atmospheric Forcings at Two Different Resolutions : Volume 8, Issue 2 (12/04/2011). Retrieved from http://www.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Andrija Mohorovičić Geophysical Institute, Department of Geophysics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Croatia. We investigated coastal sea responses to three, multi-day strong wind episodes that occurred in the middle Adriatic during the Target Operational Period (TOP) of the European COastal sea OPerational observing and forecasting system (ECOOP) project. A high-resolution oceanographic model (1 km horizontal, 16 σ vertical layers) based on the modified Princeton Ocean Model (POM) was applied to a highly complex domain located in the coastal area of the eastern Adriatic Sea. The oceanographic model was nested into the Adriatic REGional model (AREG-2) covering the entire Adriatic Sea. Meteorological forcing was prepared by two atmospheric models. The coarser model was the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecast model (ECMWF, with horizontal and temporal resolutions of 0.25° and 6 h, respectively), and the finer one was the Aire Limitée Adaptation dynamique Développement InterNational model (ALADIN, with horizontal and temporal resolutions of 8 km and 3 h, respectively, and winds dynamically adapted to a horizontal resolution of 2 km). The results show that small-scale atmospheric features, which arise due to the orographically complex mainland and the number of islands and were not reproduced by the coarser atmospheric model, substantially affected surface currents, mass transports, sea surface temperature (SST) and surface salinity in the coastal area during strong Bora. For strong Sirocco, the atmospheric model's resolution was important for currents on the lee sides of islands.

Summary
Coastal sea responses to atmospheric forcings at two different resolutions

Excerpt
Andročec, V., Beg Paklar, G., Dadić, V., Djakovac, T., Grbec, B., Janeković, I., Krstulović, N., Kušpilić, G., Leder, N., Lončar, G., Marasović, I., Precali, R., and Šolić, M.: The Adriatic Sea Monitoring Program – Final Report, Zagreb, MZOPUG, 2009.; Beg Paklar, G., Isakov, V., Koračin, D., Kourafalou, V., and Orlić, M.: A case study of Bora-driven flow and density changes on the Adriatic shelf (January 1987), Cont. Shelf Res., 21, 1751–1783, 2001.; Beg Paklar, G., Bajić, A., Dadić, V., Grbec, B., and Orlić, M.: Bora-induced currents corresponding to different synoptic conditions above the Adriatic, Ann. Geophys., 23, 1083–1091, 2005.; Belušić, D. and Klaić, Z. B.: Mesoscale dynamics, structure and predictability of a severe Adriatic Bora case, Meteorol. Z., 15, 157–168, 2006.; Blumberg, A. F. and Mellor, G. L.: A description of a three-dimensional coastal ocean circulation model, in: Three-dimensional Coastal Ocean Models, edited by: Heaps, N. S., AGU, Washington, 1–16, 1987.; Chiggiato, J. and Oddo, P.: Operational ocean models in the Adriatic Sea: a skill assessment, Ocean Sci., 4, 61–71, 2008.; DHMZ, Meteorološki i hidrološki bilteni 2/2009–7/2009, DHMZ, Zagreb, 2009.; Ferrarese, S., Cassardo, C., Elmi, A., Genovese, R., Longhetto, A., Manfrin, M., and Richiardone, R.: Air-sea interactions in the Adriatic Basin: simulations of Bora and Sirocco wind events, Geofizika, 26, 157–170, 2009.; Geleyn, J. F., Banciu, D., Bubnova, R., Ihasz, I., Ivanovici, V., Le Moigne, P., and Radnoti, G.: The international project ALADIN: summary of events October 1992–October 1993, LAM Newslett., 23, 1992.; Grubišić, V.: Bora-driven potential vorticity banners over the Adriatic, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 130, 2571–2603, 2004.; Hellerman, S. and Rosenstein, M.: Normal monthly wind stress over the world ocean with error estimates, J. Phys. Ocean., 13, 1093–1104, 1983.; Ivatek-Šahdan, S. and Tudor, M.: Use of high-resolution dynamical adaptation in operational suite and research impact studies. Meteorol. Z., 13, 99–108, 2004.; Janeković, I., Dutour Sikirić, M., Tomažić, I., and Kuzmić, M.: Hindcasting the Adriatic Sea surface temperature and salinity: a recent modeling experience, Geofizika, 27, 85–100, 2010.; Klaić, Z., Belušić, D., Grubišić, V., Gabela, L., and \'{C}oso, L.: Mesoscale airflow structure over the Northern Croatian coast during MAP IOP 15 – a major Bora event, Geofizika, 20, 23–61, 2003.; Klaić, Z. B., Prodanov, A. D., and Belušić, D.: Wind measurements in Senj – underestimation of true Bora flows, Geofizika, 26, 245–252, 2009a.; Klaić, Z. B., Pasarić, Z., and Tudor, M.: On the interplay between sea-land breezes and Etesian winds over the Adriatic, J. Marine Syst., 78, S101–S118, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2009.01.016, 2009b.; Kondo, J.: Air-sea bulk transfer coefficients in diabatic conditions, Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 9, 91–112, 1975.; Makjanić, B.: On the diurnal variation of the Bora wind speed. Papers, 349, Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts, Zagreb, 33–92, 1970.; Makjanić, B.: A short account of the climate of the town Senj, in: Local Wind Bora, edited by: Yoshino, M. M.

 

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