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Tropospheric No2 Vertical Column Densities Over Beijing: Results of the First Three-years of Ground-based Max-doas Measurements (2008–2011) and Satellite Validation : Volume 12, Issue 10 (11/10/2012)

By Ma, J. Z.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003976842
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 63
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Tropospheric No2 Vertical Column Densities Over Beijing: Results of the First Three-years of Ground-based Max-doas Measurements (2008–2011) and Satellite Validation : Volume 12, Issue 10 (11/10/2012)  
Author: Ma, J. Z.
Volume: Vol. 12, Issue 10
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Beirle, S., Ma, J. Z., Shaiganfar, R., Wagner, T., Jin, J. L., & Yan, P. (2012). Tropospheric No2 Vertical Column Densities Over Beijing: Results of the First Three-years of Ground-based Max-doas Measurements (2008–2011) and Satellite Validation : Volume 12, Issue 10 (11/10/2012). Retrieved from

Description: Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China. Ground-based measurements of scattered sunlight by the Multi Axis Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) have been carried out at an urban site (39.95° N, 116.32° E) in Beijing megacity since 6 August 2008. In this study, we retrieved the tropospheric NO2 vertical column densities (VCDs) over Beijing from these MAX-DOAS observations from August 2008 to September 2011. Over such period, the daytime (08:00–17:00 h Beijing Time) mean tropospheric NO2 VCDs varied from 0.5 to 13.3 with an average of 3.6 during summertime, and from 0.2 to 16.8 with an average of 5.8 during wintertime, all in units of 1016 molecules cm−2. The average diurnal variation patterns of tropospheric NO2 over Beijing appeared to be rather different from one season to another, indicating differences in the mixing layer height, the atmospheric lifetime and the emission patterns. In contrast to previous studies, we find a small weekly cycle of the tropospheric NO2 VCD over Beijing. The NO2 VCD in the late afternoon was the largest on Saturday and the lowest on Sunday, and in the morning it reached a clear maximum on Wednesday. We also find a post Olympic Games effect, with 39–54% decrease in the tropospheric NO2 VCD over Beijing estimated for August of 2008, compared to the following years. The tropospheric NO2 VCDs derived by our ground MAX-DOAS measurements show a good correlation with SCIAMACHY and OMI satellite data. However, compared with the MAX-DOAS measurements, the satellite observations underestimate the tropospheric NO2 VCDs over Beijing systematically, by 43% for SCIAMACHY and 26–38% for OMI (DOMINO v2.0 and DOMINO v1.02). Based on radiative transfer simulations, we show that the aerosol shielding effect can explain this underestimation, while the gradient smoothing effect caused by the coarse spatial resolution of the satellite observations could play an additional role.

Tropospheric NO2 vertical column densities over Beijing: results of the first three-years of ground-based MAX-DOAS measurements (2008–2011) and satellite validation

Beirle, S. and Wagner, T.: Tropospheric vertical column densities of NO2 from SCIAMACHY, available from: (last access: October 2012), 2010.; Beirle, S., Platt, U., Wenig, M., and Wagner, T.: Weekly cycle of NO2 by GOME measurements: a signature of anthropogenic sources, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 2225–2232, doi:10.5194/acp-3-2225-2003, 2003.; Beirle, S., Kühl, S., Puķ\=ıte, J., and Wagner, T.: Retrieval of tropospheric column densities of NO2 from combined SCIAMACHY nadir/limb measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 283–299, doi:10.5194/amt-3-283-2010, 2010.; Boersma, K. F., Eskes, H. J., and Brinksma, E. J.: Error analysis for tropospheric NO2 retrieval from space, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D04311, doi:10.1029/2003jd003962, 2004.; Boersma, K. F., Eskes, H. J., Veefkind, J. P., Brinksma, E. J., van der A, R. J., Sneep, M., van den Oord, G. H. J., Levelt, P. F., Stammes, P., Gleason, J. F., and Bucsela, E. J.: Near-real time retrieval of tropospheric NO2 from OMI, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 2103–2118, doi:10.5194/acp-7-2103-2007, 2007.; Boersma, K. F., Eskes, H. J., Dirksen, R. J., van der A, R. J., Veefkind, J. P., Stammes, P., Huijnen, V., Kleipool, Q. L., Sneep, M., Claas, J., Leitão, J., Richter, A., Zhou, Y., and Brunner, D.: An improved tropospheric NO2 column retrieval algorithm for the Ozone Monitoring Instrument, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 1905–1928, doi:10.5194/amt-4-1905-2011, 2011.; Bovensmann, H., Burrows, J. P., Buchwitz, M., Frerick, J., Noël, S., Rozanov, V. V., Chance, K. V., and Goede, A. P. H.: SCIAMACHY: mission objectives and measurement modes, J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 127–150, 1999.; Brinksma, E. J., Pinardi, G., Volten, H., Braak, R., Richter, A., Schönhardt, A., van Roozendael, M., Fayt, C., Hermans, C., Dirksen, R. J., Vlemmix, T., Berkhout, A. J. C., Swart, D. P. J., Oetjen, H., Wittrock, F., Wagner, T., Ibrahim, O. W., de Leeuw, G., Moerman, M., Curier, R. L., Celarier, E. A., Cede, A., Knap, W. H., Veefkind, J. P., Eskes, H. J., Allaart, M., Rothe, R., Piters, A. J. M., and Levelt, P. F.: The 2005 and 2006 DANDELIONS NO2 and aerosol intercomparison campaigns, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D16S46, doi:10.1029/2007jd008808, 2008.; Burrows, J. P.


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